How Does a Vacuum Circuit Breaker Work

The application and use of vacuum circuit breakers have improved the reliability and efficiency of electrical systems. By strategically interrupting and controlling current flow, vacuum circuit breakers help ensure safety and protection for both people and equipment. Vacuum circuit breakers are unique in their utilization of a vacuum medium to switch off electric current during an overload or short circuit. A mechanism within the breaker prevents further electric current flow by switching on and closing contacts while simultaneously quenching the arc that has been created – all within an enclosed vacuum chamber known as the interrupter.

Construction Of Vacuum Circuit Breaker

Over the past few decades, vacuum circuit breaker construction standards have been adapted and improved for greater safety and efficiency. With advancements in vacuum interrupter technology, manufacturers can now increase the size of their products while maintaining the same reliability and performance levels. This has allowed for smaller, lighter breakers to be used in a variety of different applications. Advances in insulation materials and switching systems have also improved their overall design, making them safe to use when required. Safety features such as over-current protection and adjustable trip settings are now integral components of these devices. Additionally, with changes in construction standards, the lifespan of these products has increased significantly – allowing them to perform continuously over many years while providing reliable protection against short circuits, overloads, and other dangerous electrical currents.

Vacuum circuit breakers are created with various materials that all serve important functions. The arc chamber is made from steel to provide a strong, durable casing and the ceramic insulators symmetrically arranged inside act as an airtight seal for the vacuum interrupter. To ensure the breaker operates properly, the pressure inside the vacuum interrupter must be maintained below 10^-4 torr. Copper-bismuth or copper-chrome alloys are the ideal material to make current-carrying contacts, which play an essential role in helping to conduct electricity safely through the breaker. With these elements working together, vacuum circuit breakers can offer reliable protection and improved performance even in hazardous electrical environments.

If you want to learn more about vacuum circuit breakers, contact Becker Mining to learn more about our VCBs in stock. This post was written by Justin Tidd, Director at Becker Mining Systems! For nearly a half a century, Becker Mining has been at the forefront of industry safety. Becker/SMC is the industry’s leader in increasingly more sophisticated electrical control systems. Most of the major innovations, design features and specialized electrical components have been developed by Becker/SMC.

About Author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *