MPs are discussing a bill about counter-sanctions against the United States offers as one of the responses to impose restrictions on the purchase of IT-technologies. The possibility of a ban on the admission or restriction of access technology equipment and software in public procurement of goods and services “for state and municipal needs”. We tried to find out what the companies use foreign software products.
State-owned companies operating in foreign software, many. Moreover, international engineering software, e.g. CAD tools, which creates a new technique, prevalent in the Russian market. Among buyers of software a lot of companies, of direct relevance to the military-industrial complex.
Here, for example, statistics of public procurement in relation to software products. In January – February, the Russian state-owned companies bought engineering software (SOFTWARE) to 695 million rubles. While foreign spent 630 million rubles, but at home — 64.4 million, Almost ten times less. Good or bad is a separate question. Probably, if in Russia there is a quality equivalent of purchased software, and the firm is not known for what reasons gives preference to foreign is not good. Well, if the situation is different, if the Russian developers have not yet been able to create a software product, better than foreign. What then? “Contractionary” law, they will remain soft.
For the first two months of this year, most software products on the Russian market sold American-the German concern Siemens PLM (289 million) and an American company Ansys (102 million).
Of the major Russian companies without foreign programs could not yet do the developer of strategic missile company “Tupolev”. It acquired in January-February from Siemens PLM software to 162 million rubles. Ansys, the company “Tupolev” bought engineering software products 86 million rubles.
The company “Sukhoi Civil aircraft” purchased from Siemens PLM software and hardware on 86 million roubles.
Experimental machine-building plant named Myasishchev, which implements a number of aircraft and missile projects, bought for two months at Siemens PLM products at 14.1 million rubles. Engineering company “ASE” acquired American developer of Autodesk products on 20 million roubles.
Therefore, defence companies are actively buying foreign software, in spite of the current installation for import substitution.
In this sense, in 2018, the situation is not much different from what it was last year. Then, a major Russian defence companies and holding companies spent on the purchase of foreign-made engineering more than 4 billion, half a billion more than in 2016 year. Russian programmers in 2017 could realize on the home market its products only to 763 million rubles.
At the end of last year, the best performance in the Russian market from the American-the German concern Siemens PLM, which was rescued by 1 billion rubles. French company Dassault has sold software to 664 million rubles. British Intergraph – on 511 million rubles. American Autodesk – 385 million
By the way, “Tupolev” and last year was an active consumer of Western engineering programs. He acquired American developer MSC Software has software products for virtual simulation on 120 million roubles.
Overall, according to the procurement website, in 2017, the company of Rosatom bought foreign engineering programs for 967 million roubles, factories and design bureaus of the United aircraft Corporation — 896,3 million rubles, rostec — to 439 million rubles, the United shipbuilding Corporation — to 137,6 million.
Among the foreign buyers BY the developer of rocket engines for space rockets, NPO Energomash and EKO concern “Almaz-Antey” – the developer of anti-aircraft systems s-400.
It seems that the dependence on IT of imports in the manufacturing sector, including defense remains. Perhaps this has certain disadvantages. But “contractionary” the bill offers too radical cure from this addiction. The survival of the patient after this medication — not an idle question.