During the construction works taking place on the streets of Moscow, Ostozhenka, experts have found about three hundred items, Dating from the XVI–XVIII centuries. One of the most valuable artifacts was the button with the depiction of a Maltese cross. At this period in history Russia and the world’s oldest order of chivalry was associated a lot, say the experts.
The researchers note that from November to December 2017, they studied the cultural layer with a depth of about meters and a square of 10 by 10 meters. As a result, managed to find the remains of strip Foundation building and brick virostko of the nineteenth century and even more ancient collapse of a brick furnace of the XVIII century and fragments of various commercial buildings. Finally, experts have studied the elements of the drainage well of the XVII century, which later became used as a rubbish pit. It is the items that were perceived by contemporaries as “rubbish,” and was the most valuable for professionals.
As head of the Department of cultural heritage of Moscow Alexey Emelyanov, Maltese uniforms in Russia, carried only from 1799 to 1803, so such finds are of great value. Buttons with the image of a Maltese cross in the time of Emperor Paul I and his son Alexander I sewn on the uniforms of officers and non-commissioned officers in the cavalry guards regiment.
When Malta in 1798 conquered by Napoleon, Paul I, gave the knights shelter in St. Petersburg, and in December he was proclaimed Grand master, i.e. ruler of the order of Malta. After the murder of Paul I in 1801, relations with the order quickly were broken, and the Russian Priory (monastic community) of the Order were abolished in the period from 1803 to 1817.
Another discovery was made from elk antler belt shank detail, fastened to the end of the textile belt and protect it from too rapid aging, as well as proseucha facilitate this in the buckle. This artifact also dates from the XVI–XVII centuries.
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