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Sunday, February 25, 2018

Prison will live on: why trump has refused to close Guantanamo

Tuesday, January 30, during the annual message to Congress, Donald trump said that the United States will continue to use the world famous jail in Guantanamo Bay. The prison is located on the territory of the American military base in Cuba, thus she is formally withdrawn from the jurisdiction of the civil courts of the United States. Donald trump signed a formal decree abolishing the order of his predecessor Barack Obama to close the jail. It should be noted that the President trump, thereby showing the sequence of steps as considered necessary to keep the prison during his election campaign.

photo: ru.wikipedia.org

The camp at Guantanamo was established in 2002 by the administration of George W. Bush for keeping dangerous criminals, in particular, suspected of terrorist activities. Human rights activists sharply criticized Washington for the torture of prisoners. In January of this year, the Office for democratic institutions and human rights OSCE released a statement which said: “Indefinite detention without charge or trial constitutes cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment”. OSCE urged to close the prison due to the brutal treatment of prisoners.

In 2001, George Bush signed a Directive allowing the CIA to kill, capture, detain and torture suspects, in cooperation with the terrorist organization “al-Qaeda” (banned in Russia organization). The first prisoners of the camp was the Afghan Taliban (the Taliban banned terrorist organization), the world community took an active attention or even outrage, when among those detained in 2002 in Afghanistan was a minor canadian citizen Omar Khadr. But despite that, he was declared a prisoner of war and held in prison for 10 years.

Barack Obama almost immediately after assuming the office of President of the United States in 2009 signed a decree on the closure of the prison within a year, but the document met with resistance from Congress, and was not adopted. According to the Agency TASS, the first eight years of his presidency, Obama nonetheless ordered the release of about 200 prisoners of the camp. Trump during election campaign had criticized such an approach, speaking about the inadmissibility of the release of prisoners who, according to him, can return to terrorist activities. Now at guantánamo 40 people.

“There is an important point, faced by Obama when he tried to close the prison, the question is what to do with prisoners – says “MK” head of sector of internal and external policy of the USA, IMEMO ran Victoria ZHURAVLEVA. – A proposal by President Obama to transfer all detainees to prisons on U.S. soil was perceived with hostility by the governors of the States, because in the US prisons in each state are within the security system of this state. It’s not a Federal responsibility. None of the governors wants your state to transfer dangerous criminals accused of terrorism. And what did trump was absolutely logical, because the Republicans believed from the outset that the prison should be maintained and this method of dealing with terrorists right.”

Some former prisoners of the camp after his release, he filed claims for false imprisonment and the use against them of torture. So, in 2005 began the investigation into the two French citizens Nizar Sassi and Mourad Benchellali, later joined by a third Frenchman, a former prisoner, whose name was not disclosed. According to the Agency AFP, the French citizens press charges against the former U.S. President George W. Bush and Secretary of defense in his government of Donald Rumsfeld.

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