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Wednesday, February 14, 2018

“Kremlin report” USA: what will happen to the defendants in the list

U.S. Department of the Treasury minutes after the established deadline published the so-called “Kremlin report” — the list of Kremlin-connected Russian government officials and “oligarchs”. Although the list was announced in the framework of the law on sanctions, the U.S. Treasury emphasized that this does not mean immediate imposition of restrictive measures. But the state Department sure hit in this list can apply it to the defendants in such reputational damage that the imposition of sanctions would be needed. However, not all us congressmen agree with that. Both Republicans and Democrats need to use the report “on purpose” and immediately impose restrictions.

photo: en.wikipedia.org

the building of the Ministry of Finance of the United States.

The official title of the report sounds quite surprising: “the Report to Congress in accordance with section 241 of the law “On counteraction to opponents of the United States through sanctions,” 2017, addressing high-ranking officials and oligarchs of the Russian Federation and Russian companies with state participation”. It is divided into two sections: the classified and declassified. In the open list includes 210 people — 114 statesmen and 96 “oligarchs”. The defendants in the list are divided into several categories: high-ranking members of the Russian presidential Administration, Cabinet of Ministers and other key government agencies, leaders of the state Duma and the Federation Council, the heads of major state companies and oligarchs.

The report States that it was compiled on the basis of open sources. The selection criterion for officials was the proximity to the highest echelons of the Russian authorities, and for businessmen — the amount of income of at least $1 billion as a “semi-public” was considered companies in which the state share is not less than 25%, and the annual income of more than $2 billion.

Among the defendants in the list were Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, the press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov, the Minister of foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov, the speaker of the state Duma Vyacheslav Volodin, the speaker of the Federation Council Valentina Matviyenko, Chairman of Sberbank German Gref and others as the “oligarchs”, in particular, were mentioned by Roman Abramovich, Alisher Usmanov and Mikhail Prokhorov.

Of persons involved in a secret part of the report, nothing is known, except that it may be people lower in rank or earning less than $1 billion of si-EN-EN informs that in this part of the paper also examines the possibility of imposing sanctions on Russian sovereign debt.

The American Ministry of Finance says that being on the list itself “does not imply, not causes and does not impose additional restrictions or prohibitions on conducting business with these individuals or companies.” In other words, the announced report does not impose sanctions, but only opens the way for their theoretical introduction in the future.

The administration trump earlier on Monday, has already shared that he does not consider it necessary to introduce new restrictive measures in the near future. The state Department believes that the threat of sanctions by itself constrains “aggressive behavior of Russia”. “Today we informed the Congress that the law and its application will adversely affect the Russian defense deals, said state Department spokesman Heather Nauert. — After adoption of law we expect that a foreign state will abandon plans to purchase Russian weapons”.

The US has no shortage of accusations against Russia. But the reason for the compilation of the “Kremlin report” was mostly anticipated Moscow’s intervention in the American presidential election. 2 Aug last year, Congress passed a law that fixed the old anti-Russian sanctions and paved the way for the introduction of new. It was indicated that the restrictions will affect individuals and companies that undermine cyber security of the United States, invest in Russian energy and defense sector, assist the government of Syria violate human rights or are involved in corruption.

In the law it was not said exactly who will be subject to restrictive measures. The document set several deadlines: before October 2, the presidential administration was supposed to determine the list of Russian companies that are “worthy” of sanctions. Until January 29, it was necessary to provide a list close to the Kremlin officials and businessmen. Both deadline was overdue: the first of nearly a month, the second just a few minutes.

While the state Department is showing a marked reluctance to inflate the scandal with the anti-Russian sanctions, the congressmen are in no way so peaceful. Powers to impose restrictive measures is endowed with not only the President but also Congress. And now that he has a “Kremlin report”, he can consider this question, although the dates have not yet been reported.

Sanctions. Chronicle of events

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