The current election campaign at elections of the head of state first held in the state of that external voltage and internal focus – never before had Russia not been in such an artificially separated from the context of the European state at the time the main election struggle.
Here and penalties in connection with the annexation of Crimea and subsequent events in the Donbass, anti-Russian hysteria in the West, and the removal of our Olympic team. On the eve of the publication of the “Kremlin report” the US state Department in early February, spreading personal sanctions against Russian politicians and journalists in the EU. In such a situation, the “gated development” the race is not passed neither in 2004 nor in 2008, nor in 2012.
Recent years, according to most experts, were the time for the return of an active Russian foreign policy. The reunification of the Crimea and the successful operation in Syria – two major foreign policy victory of the government. Because the more, to exploit and further the foreign policy agenda as significant will be more difficult. It is no secret that the international issues were Vladimir Putin is always greater than the internal. And now it’s time again to pay attention to domestic development.
It is already clear that the fourth term for Putin must be made a greater emphasis on regional development. In contrast to the President’s foreign policy, many questions are concerned with the Government’s economic policy. Some recalled the story of the bridge across the Lena river in Yakutia, the construction of which decided to freeze for the construction of the Crimean bridge in 2014. Now the bridge to Crimea built, figuratively and literally – it’s time to return to such a pending protracted “bridges over the Lena river”.
The current oil prices (below $70 per barrel) and gas in our still energy-based economy allow us to return to talk about investment in regional development. At the same stage of growth until 2014, the state came to the development of regional centers, and there stopped. Now we need to think about the existence of other regional cities, district centers and settlements. If we do not attend to now’s forecasts come true-the desire of some Moscow politicians are about 15 million “extra people”, which, allegedly, an urgent need to resettle in large cities. And the country in this case to turn into a desert among a dozen or so major cities. What, in General, is already happening.
To prevent this, we need a clear regional development program 2018-2024. For example, the Irkutsk oblast is implementing the program of the President assistant on economy Sergey Glazyev “the developmental State”, whose aim is maximum mobilization of regional resources to create new infrastructure projects in the region.
On this and many other spoke on January 23 in Novosibirsk at the round table “Presidential elections-2018. Siberian accents”. What is “Siberian accents” are scheduled before, but not brought to the stage of realization of regional development projects with Federal participation. As reasonably noted by the mayor of Novosibirsk Anatoly Lokot, “as a donor of the Federal budget and the region, the Novosibirsk under the current fiscal policy is not enough money even for the maintenance built under Federal programs objects”.
The distribution of taxes in a large city on the example of Novosibirsk as follows: 54% of taxes goes to the Federal government, 32% regional, and 14% – in city. Elbow proposes to remedy this imbalance, adopting a law on a special status for major cities so that cities could keep more taxes to development. As it once did in the same Novosibirsk region Tolokonsky at the governorate – increase city budget for 3% of personal income tax that allowed the city to 2 billion rubles in taxes.
This idea was supported by the head of the Center for the resolution of social conflicts Oleg Ivanov, however, with his proposal to “balance” a large administrative and financial role of cities the appointment of mayors by the Federal centre strongly disagreed Elbow, reminding that in Siberia never was the serfdom.
I recall that in the case of the consent of the Federal center, this proposal may be relevant for another 11 cities whose population exceeds one million residents, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Samara, Rostov-on-don, Ufa, Krasnoyarsk, Perm, Voronezh and Volgograd.
According to Ilya Graschenkova, President of the center for the development of regional policy in this election in Siberia administrative resources to apply almost will. This is due to the fact that the district has two years living in the conditions of competition of the two parties and the lack of monopoly power from one of them. The erosion of the monopoly of Executive power, “United Russia” in Siberia began with the victory of the representative of the Communist party Anatoly Elbow on elections of the mayor of Novosibirsk in 2014 and continued competitive victory of his party members Sergey Levchenko in the gubernatorial elections in the Irkutsk region in 2015. Thanks to what is a unique for modern Russia, the situation is a competitive political environment, which affects the turnout. During this time, held Federal elections to the State Duma. Now it was the turn of presidential. So now, on the eve of the visits of Vladimir Putin and Pavel Grudinina in Novosibirsk, it is possible to predict the legitimacy of the will on 18 March in Novosibirsk and Irkutsk region, and hence in the whole of SFO to be higher than in 2012.
Indeed, if before, in the absolute domination of one party in all spheres of government, there was no plot, it is now possible to speak confidently about it – no one knows how many of Novosibirsk or Irkutsk citizens want March 18, to prefer the incumbent representative of the party their mayor or Governor.
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