The head of the state Department Rex Tillerson gave the keynote speech on Syria: Bashar Assad must go, the European allies are forbidden to help restore the war-torn country. However, the United States reserves the right to maintain a military presence in Syria, even after the defeat of the IG* – now they have a different purpose.
The United States, the EU, and their “regional partners” will not be involved in the reconstruction efforts of the areas of Syria controlled by the President Bashar al-Assad. This assured U.S. Secretary of state Rex Tillerson in his keynote speech at Stanford University.
According to us estimates, “the Assad regime” allegedly controls only about 50% of the territory of Syria. This assessment suggests that Washington is either not aware of the situation, or ignore the facts: by the end of 2017, the territory liberated by the Syrian army with the help of Russian VKS, accounted for more than 90 percent of the country. Assuming words Tillerson, in fact, the US denied aid to Syria. Recall that Russia, by contrast, last week urged the EU not just to help Syria humanitarian aid, but to make “more substantial” contribution (The Financial Times then it is interpreted as the fact that “Russia is forcing the EU to pay for the reconstruction of Syria”).
On behalf of the allies in September last year, said the British foreign Secretary Boris Johnson – in his words, the so-called Group of friends of Syria (which includes USA, UK, France, Germany, and a number of “regional partners” – middle Eastern countries) does not intend to participate in rebuilding the country, while the power remains with Assad.
The Secretary of state Tillerson in his current speech, stressed that he intends to dissuade other States from any economic ties with Damascus. This situation should persist until the removal of Assad from power “through the process under the UN auspices” – and this, Tillerson, is a condition for peace for Syria. And only after that “the United States would insist on the normalization of economic relations between Syria and other States”.
While Tillerson urged Russia to increase pressure on “Assad regime” so that he “participated constructively in the Geneva process” and “credible way would take part in the efforts of the UN.” “The Assad regime is clearly looking at Russia as the guarantor of its security, therefore, Russia will play a significant role in the conviction,” – said the head of the state Department.
The US does not want to repeat the mistakes of Obama
The Syrian foreign Ministry in response to the speech Tillerson called the American military presence is illegitimate and aimed at protecting the “Islamic state”. But the absence of a legitimate reason for presence in Syria, as before, does not bother Washington. Moreover, for the us military won’t have the excuse of “fighting the IG*” – this follows directly from the words Tillerson.
The Islamic state has “one foot in the grave” thanks to the efforts of the United States, announced the Secretary (apparently “forgetting” about the role in the fight against terrorists, played by the Syrian army and the Russian space forces). But the main thing –
American troops will remain in Syria after the defeat of the IG to ensure that neither Iran nor Assad’s troops did not capture areas, “which was recently released with the assistance of the United States.”
Thus, the administration of Donald trump wants to avoid the mistakes of Barack Obama, who brought troops out of Iraq before “the threat of extremism” was neutralized, said Tillerson. Another mistake Obama’s Secretary of state said, is that the situation in Libya was not “stable” after the NATO attacks and the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi. “We will not allow history to repeat itself in Syria,” Tillerson was quoted by The New York Times. This is the first statement by a senior representative of the US administration that the States are going to stay, says New York Times.
Iran in a speech, Tillerson was mentioned for a reason. According to The Wall Street Journal, USA “shifted focus” of its actions in Syria with the declared fight against ISIS to counter Iranian influence in the country. “Iran has considerably strengthened its presence – deployed forces of the Islamic revolutionary guard Corps, Lebanese Hezbollah, being transferred support Iran rebels from Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and other countries,” said Tillerson. Obviously, in response to a strengthening of the Americans equip their own “proxies”-a group of 30-strong Kurdish-Arab “army protect the borders”, the basis for which should be supported by the US, Syrian Kurdistan, aka “the Federation of Northern Syria”. This initiative, recall, was apprehended in bayonets not only in Tehran and Damascus, but also in Ankara.
The Europeans are not thrilled with the “request to hold a candle”
As mentioned above, all of these is far from straightforward projects are invited to join the European allies of the United States – at least in the form of support of denial of restoration “of the territories controlled by the Assad regime”. “350 billion is estimated the damage caused to Syria, formerly called the figure of 200 billion Americans, Europeans and Saudis say that the money to the territory under the control of Bashar al-Assad will not go. The money will go to the territory of the “Federation of Northern Syria,” – said in comments the newspaper VIEW Director of the Centre for the study of the Middle East and Central Asia semen Bagdasarov.
It is clear that Boris Johnson as a representative of the country – the nearest ally of the USA assured that the “friends of Syria” will not participate in her recovery. But that continental Europe is ready to follow Washington all the Syrian endeavors, there are serious doubts.
For example, France is not interested by the example of the United States to quarrel with Turkey, given the previous days appointment of Emmanuel Macron with Recep Tayyip Erdogan, which he called a breakthrough. And the reconstruction of Syria in Paris as one of the major areas of action of the Macron.
“Curious how France will look at the ban to participate in the rebuilding of Syria, its former colony,” the
noticed in comments the newspaper VIEW, the German political scientist Alexander Rahr. France is “more opportunities to intervene in this region” than in Germany. In Germany, yet the government, so the country’s active foreign policy, reminded PAP. But Berlin has a vested interest in the reconstruction of Syria at least in order to reverse the flow of refugees from the destroyed 7-year-old war in the country (according to various sources, Germany is now between half a million and 900 thousand Syrians). In June last year the Minister of defence of Germany Ursula von der Leyen announced a new project – training for migrants “occupations for the recovery of Syria.” But if the country is not restored, it is obvious that the newly trained experts will slow down with the return.
For the United States demand Assad’s departure – “this is not a bug, and sacred doctrine,” said Alexander Rahr. He added that the Americans, after the collapse of the USSR “with an investment of sighed” and decided that from now on they will be the masters of the middle East, suddenly appeared again Russia.
And now is “trying to show strength – the Americans want to build a world order for yourself and maybe to ask the Europeans to those there “held a candle”.
But the attempt to make “hold a candle” and this time looks like miss Washington. “American diplomacy, in my opinion, lately all of the mistakes is, – said in comments the newspaper VIEW Dean of the faculty of world economy and world politics HSE Sergei Karaganov. Her main problem is that they have become everywhere in spoiler, to a player in the defense and continuously, and only spoiling all the game. Naturally, that title is detrimental to her and others.”
* Organization in respect of which the court accepted entered into legal force decision on liquidation or ban the activities on the grounds stipulated by the Federal law “On countering extremist activity”