The Verkhovna Rada adopted the law on the reintegration of Donbass. For this decision voted 280 deputies. Against the document were only 36 MPs, including the entire Opposition bloc, whose representatives stated that the document refers to the sweep area of the ATO from enemies and there is no word about the reintegration. Interviewed by “MK” experts say that, on 18 January 2018, Kiev has issued a license to shoot all the supporters of friendship with Russia.
Photo: Vadim Chuprina.
The adopted law is not a word about the Minsk agreements, moreover, the DNI and the LC is now called not “separate areas” and “occupied territories”. Russia has been dubbed the “occupier” and “aggressor.” However, things could be much worse, because originally the deputies demanded the severance of diplomatic relations with Moscow and the self-proclaimed Republic of Donbass wanted to recognize terrorist organizations. The document did not make mention of the Crimea. In total, the bill was going to make 673 amendments, but in the end the document was diluted by only 8 of them, and they were not ideological and technical nature.
Nevertheless, without this law to get tough: all without an exception of security forces in the Donbass reassigned to the General staff of Ukraine and gave them the right at any time to infiltrate into people’s homes to detain anyone who seems suspicious to them, to stop traffic on the streets, to exploit means of communication and movement that belong to the civilians to use weapons “in case of emergency” and so on. Of course, they did all of this before, but now they have a legal basis.
As you know, many members of the volunteer battalions repeatedly doing what in civilized countries is called arbitrariness and lynching. Was kidnapped and held in basements of people who were considered “accomplices of the separatists”, searched their cars for “contraband”, which to discover, pick up, and so on. And when the volunteers decided not to engage in lawlessness, but to do everything according to the law, passing the “prisoners” and their property to law enforcement, it was revealed that they are in fact criminals, kidnappers and thieves.
In parallel, the law was removed from Kiev of all responsibility for any events occurring on the territory of the DNI and LC. Even the postwar reconstruction of the region must entirely lie on the shoulders of Russia, the document says. Remained banned any trade with the breakaway republics. However, for the first time since the war began, the Ukrainian authorities have allowed officials to recognize issued in Donetsk and Luhansk of the certificate of birth and death.
The authorities of the breakaway republics of Donbass took the new Ukrainian law as yet another attempt to disrupt the Minsk agreement. Foreign Minister LNR Vladislav Danego said that the Ukrainian authorities have actually recognized the previous four years they illegally were fighting. And the head of the DND Alexander Zakharchenko said that now their opponent wants to correct his mistake, covering her appropriate legal base. In Lugansk and Donetsk believe that after that Kiev may again go on the offensive, dashing all of its obligations.
Andrew BUZAROV, a member of the public Council under the MFA of Ukraine:
— The Verkhovna Rada adopted the law in no way aimed at the reintegration of individual regions of Donetsk and Lugansk regions in Ukraine. It has nothing to do with social or cultural issues. This document was needed in order to close the legal hole that has developed since the beginning of the ATO, and to reassure the Ukrainian public, who were unhappy that the DNI and LC are not considered by the occupying administrations. None of this violates the Minsk agreement, since no such there does not say. However, no one can explain why the legal patching holes and declaring Russia an occupier needed to unite together and call it “the reintegration of Donbass”. You could make two different laws, the name of which would be in their essence. Also one surrounded by Poroshenko can not clearly explain why it was impossible to adopt the law on the powers of the security forces in the Donbass in 2014 or 2015. It turns out that all these years the Ukrainian armed forces acting on semi-legal grounds.
Mikhail POGREBINSKY, Director of Kiev center of political researches and conflictology:
— The law was adopted due to the pressure of the “war party”, especially the “popular front”, “Samopomich” and others. Now the radicals are all possibilities in order to start a “witch hunt”. Any peaceful settlement of the conflict and cooperation with Russia could be accused of aiding the invaders and betraying the national interests of the country. Kiev gave all the volunteers from the Donbass a kind of “permission to shoot”. Another thing is that it is unclear how it is possible to continue to purchase the aggressor’s gas, coal and so on. But the Minsk agreement is not affected, because Moscow is not interested in escalation of the conflict in the Donbas.