The Minister of foreign Affairs of Russia Sergey Lavrov said that Moscow respects the territorial integrity of Ukraine, except Crimea, which he considers his. In particular, the Minister stressed that politically, the Kremlin is interested in the implementation of the Minsk agreements, according to which the self-proclaimed DPR and LPR must remain part of Ukraine. Donbass is not happy with that position, but Moscow insists on it for the fourth year. Why this is happening, “MK” has found out from the experts.
photo: Natalia Gubernatorova
Lavrov said that the West falsely represents Ukraine major problem and stumbling block in relations with Russia. If the European Union and the United States supported the position of Moscow in the conflict in the Donbass, he would have finished, said the Minister.
Meanwhile, on 15 January in the Migration service of the DND said that from March 2016, more than 150 thousand residents of the self-proclaimed Republic formally became its citizens. Recognized by Russia passports are issued to all people over 16, 25 and 45 years and with the change of name. DNR and LNR leaders have repeatedly stated their unwillingness to remain part of Ukraine. To do this they agree only in order to put Russia in an “uncomfortable situation.” Thus, if in 2014 they talked about the federalization of Ukraine, now Donetsk and Lugansk are ready to return only to the Confederation.
A complex relationship to the implementation of the Minsk agreements is also reflected in the activities of numerous charities, established with participation of the leaders of the breakaway republics, deputies of the state Duma of Russia, and so on. In particular, in March 2017 appeared Integration Committee “Russia-Donbass”, whose members regularly proclaim that the DNI and the LC should become part of Russia. And in may of the same year earned the Fund “United Donbass” providing humanitarian and monetary aid to all residents of the region to prove — in the Donetsk and Luhansk to live better than, for example, in Mariupol.
In turn, Kiev is also in no hurry to implement the Minsk agreements. 2018 at the initiative of the Ukrainian side to the joint centre for ceasefire in the Donbas has actually stopped its activities. Furthermore, in addition to the economic and transport blockade since mid-January in DND and LNR ceased to work on the Ukrainian mobile phone company, leaving many local residents in isolation, as Donetsk and Luhansk, the operators were unable to respond adequately to the situation. In conclusion, the head of the Verkhovna Rada Andrei Parubiy said that Ukrainian Parliament will begin its consideration of the law on de-occupation of the Donbass, in which Russia is called an aggressor country, and the authorities of the DNI and LC — occupation administrations.
The European Union and the United States less than Ukraine, pedal the theme of war in the Donbass, but every time they ask about her, to the Moscow accusations, almost similar to Kiev and sanctions periodically expanded and extended.
“MK” has found out from experts whether Moscow to reconsider its public attitude to self-proclaimed republics of Donbass:
Sergei MARKOV, head of Institute of political researches:
– Moscow has adopted a strategy of his opponents in the Donbass. Until then, until the West recognizes its mistake in 2014 and make the appropriate conclusions, we will officially declare that in all possible ways supported the DNI and the LC. However, Moscow believes that Donetsk and Lugansk should be part of Ukraine, but only if the Minsk agreements are fully implemented and the ex-Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, interior Minister Arsen Avakov and other members of the ruling elite of the country will go to the dock. In particular, they should be responsible for the unleashed in the Donbass war, the massacre may 9, 2014 in Mariupol, and so on. But Moscow is reluctant to talk about it directly, since dishonest people cannot speak candidly. The inability to call things by their right names, of course, affects the inhabitants of the DNI and LC are negative. But they should see themselves as the people of Leningrad in 1942-1943. Yes, they are hard, all can for them to do, but they suffer for the whole of Russia.
Vladimir ZHARIKHIN, Deputy head of the Institute of CIS countries:
The West understands that the current Ukrainian authorities do not fulfill the Minsk agreement. The European Union and the United States expect that Russia will leave from the approved peace process. Moscow understands that it is not profitable, and from year to year continues to insist: our Crimea, Donbass – Ukrainian.
The inhabitants of the DNI and the LC in this situation is quite difficult, but here they need to be reminded what started the conflict in the South-East of Ukraine. The President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych, nominated to the post from the Donbass in 2014 was unable to retain power. Almost all the deputies of the Verkhovna Rada, elected from the Donbass, voted for his resignation. It largely predetermined the further development of events. Cursing is often very difficult and the forced position of Russia, still the inhabitants of the DNI and the LC needs to understand that this is because of their choice of their representatives they were in the current situation.
Sanctions . Chronicle of events