For the anniversary of the proletarian revolution, its leader came in good shape. Politicized young people voted for socialism, Millennials US consider Lenin a hero, the leaders of the European parties declare “the bald guy was a genius.” Of wine if rose from the ashes in the countries where it was decided to demonize. But why did it happen? And what will result?
10-15 years ago it seemed that the star leader of the world proletariat rolled forever. The government ignominiously collapsed, and the Communist parties around the world lost their influence or, as in China, radically revise its policy. Capitalism took revenge for his defeat, and it looked like Lenin and his ideas came girl fighting Francis predicted the “end of history”.
“The first public reaction to the idea about the relevance of Lenin is, of course, a flash of sarcastic laughter, wrote in 2002, the influential leftist philosopher Slavoj žižek. – Marx all right… But Lenin?! No! You’re not seriously talking about this?!”
However, the centenary of the October revolution took place in a slightly different atmosphere. The economic crisis of 2008 in a number of countries have not been overcome, and several others reduced only partially. Young people around the world are faced with unemployment and lack of prospects. Big business, relaxed in the absence of competing socialist system, began the attack on workers ‘ rights and unleashed a few senseless and bloody wars.
Against this background, from the concept of the “end of history” gradually abandoned everything, even its author. And the “specter of communism” once again haunting Europe.
Recently the old Communist party increasing its influence even in the traditionally capitalist countries. Often their buds the new left movement and quickly win the hearts of voters, as happened with the Spanish “Podemos”. These people are not hiding the fact that looking for inspiration in the 54 volumes of the complete works of V. I. Lenin.
Century organized a revolution somehow celebrated in almost every country in the world. Conferences and congresses, exhibitions and congresses held from Moldova to Vietnam from Bolivia to New Zealand. Released dozens of new biographies and books about the October revolution. Slavoj žižek has also released a new book – “Lenin. 2017”, which no longer complains about the uselessness of his character. At least, many of the ideas of Lenin and local government, grassroots democracy, equality, public ownership of the means of production, the coexistence of the socialist and market economy – were suddenly in demand again.
In many ways, the revival of Leninism contributed to the incredible success of China in his way of building a hybrid of capitalist production and socialist methods of management. Becoming in fact the first economy in the world, China naturally began to dictate the fashion for many things, including ideas. But its leadership is still trying to show the world quite traditional, “old school” Marxism-Leninism.
General Secretary XI Jinping regularly reminds party leaders, officials and magnates of the need to remain faithful to the precepts of Marx, Lenin and Mao. Its Directive – all these “Eight points” “Eight oughts”, “Three limitations, three of valor” – his rhetoric is very reminiscent of the style of Lenin with his “April theses” and “the Three sources and three component parts of Marxism”.
Paradoxically, this old-fashioned rhetoric and partly borrowed from the Soviet Union the economic system does not interfere with the prosperity of China. In contrast, administration of the state allows to demirovici risks chaotic business development. And the objective of “fighting poverty”, declared comrade XI as the main goal, looks like a building of real socialism in which people can not only through hard work, but also enjoy the consumption is no worse than in the countries of “Golden billion”.
Even small and poor countries, stubbornly loyal to Communist ideals, sometimes demonstrate a surprising stability compared to the chaos of a purely capitalist crises. Not surprisingly, Cuba, Ecuador or Vietnam, Lenin is still a natural God of the local Pantheon.
Surprisingly another – his legacy is gaining in popularity in those countries where Communist ideas have been burned with a hot iron. In may this year the leader of the British labour party Jeremy Corbyn has achieved success in the parliamentary elections, openly putting forward a revolutionary program. In particular, it is suggested to impose sverhdorogimi all the super-rich, abolish fees for higher education and to de-privatize almost everything was privatized under Thatcher.
His right-wing critics call the cap, which likes to be photographed Corbin, “typical Leninist”. But this name no longer works as a bogey. The closest ally of Corbin John McDonnell, head of the “shadow Cabinet” of the party, he openly admits that he is inspired by Marx, Lenin and Trotsky. This did not prevent the vast majority of young English – 60% among voters 18 to 24 years – vote in 2017 for the labour party.
Unthinkable before success was achieved and the American Senator from Vermont Bernie Sanders. And if not for hardware and intrigue in the democratic party, “merged” him for Hillary Clinton, could go much further, including the unpredictable finale with Donald trump. During his election campaign, Sanders was able to rally masses of people. “He awakened our class consciousness,” nostalgically recalled the journalist Salon on a mass rally in the center of new York.
Pacifist agenda Sanders reminded the war the First world war, Lenin once declared. And its tax and fiscal policy was aimed almost socialist egalitarianism. 75-year-old politician had collected tens of thousands of people in the square, urging them to “revolution”. Maybe for him it was just a metaphor, but for the crowd it sounded quite serious.
Political opponents of the Senator remembered his strange honeymoon in 1988, which he spent in the USSR. With his bride he visited Moscow, I went to Yaroslavl and even went to the Lenin mausoleum. But young fans of Sanders ‘ these attacks just do not understand – for them to visit the mausoleum there was no sedition.
Social stratification and insecurity made modern Western youth sympathizers of Lenin. A recent survey by the American “Victims of communism” showed quite unexpected for this Fund results. It turned out that half of the respondents from the millennial generation would like to live not in a capitalist, a socialist or Communist country.
More than 23% of Americans between 21 and 29 years, I consider Joseph Stalin a hero. Lenin’s figures were even better – they call him the hero of the 26% of Americans.
Leninism today is not pronatality red flag waving in the demonstrations of older Communists. He became a fashionable intellectual direction, intricately bound up with radical feminism, internationalism, the struggle for the rights of national and sexual minorities. The leader of the proletariat was the hero of memes, viral videos, t-shirts and pictures – almost as popular as Che Guevara.
Political analysts wonder “and not Lenin?” about any new leader. In Italy discussing whether “new Lenin” Beppe Grillo – the leader of the movement “Five stars”. In France, this role took on Jean-Luc Mélenchon, won in the presidential election of 19.58% of the vote. The leader of the Spanish “Podemos” Pablo Iglesias Turrion even look like Lenin. And only the Greeks have accepted the fact that their Premier and the “revolutionary left” Alexis Tsipras Lenin does not pull as bad.
The identity of the leader of the world proletariat draws many of his unselfishness. His ideas – the desire to restructure the world on a fair basis. His practice was a successful experiment to build a new society. But above all, people fascinate him the ability to hear “people’s opinion” – and to answer the queries of the majority.
The leader of “Podemos” well, explained the Spanish youth the true essence of the revolutionary practice of Lenin:
“The Russian was a bald guy – he was a genius… He’s during the war, in 1917, when Russia collapsed the tsarist regime, said Russian – whoever they were, soldiers, workers, farmers – one very simple thing. He said, “Peace and bread!” And the Russian, who didn’t even know they left or right, said: “A bald-that’s right!” Because the bald guy was not talking about “dialectical materialism”, he was talking about “bread and peace”. This is one of the main lessons of the twentieth century”.