The resignation of the governors is already so frequent that few people are surprised. Doubts about their voluntariness to dispel no one is going. Formal applications should be submitted on their own, but we all know whose it really is a desire. The disconnect between the formal political procedures to real decision-making mechanisms had existed before, but now the contrast is particularly striking. The Federal Constitution the state is governed by the principles of the unitary state. The governors of political figures turn to officials, appointees, is not tied to the region and ready to work there, “where to send”.
photo: Alex geldings
This is very similar to the Soviet nomenklatura system when the regions were in charge of the Central Committee appointed by the secretaries. Taken even attempts to create a Soviet analogue of the College — the Higher party school. Only the Soviet leaders which were prepared to increase the career ladder, teachers taught dialectics of Hegel and political economy of Marx, and the personnel reserve of our day make the jump from seven-metre height in the river and listen to the lectures of political “heavyweights”. But, to paraphrase a famous aphorism, the same river can not jump twice. Times are changing and the political system of Russia — not the Soviet, although acquiring many of the features of the Soviets.
The main difference is in the principle of distribution of wealth: the Soviet party nomenklatura was not ownership of capital and the ruling class in Russia has both, and others seeking to consolidate their economic privileges political monopoly. In this pursuit it relies on the state apparatus. The apparatus, in turn, seeks to expand: it expands the functions of its expanding appetites are growing.
Bureaucracy by its very nature is only for administrative functions: to permit, prohibit, regulate, regulate. For the solution of political problems there are political machines. These include electoral system, separation of powers, independent media. But the Russian bureaucracy has consistently destroys the machine political. About the separation of powers forgotten already in the zero years: after the reform of the Federation Council and the transition of the state Duma under the full control of the “United Russia” the legislative power of independent political weight has not. The judicial branch of government, too many questions. TV is controlled by government either directly or through close to a state of oligarchs.
Remained the procedure for the election, but “voluntary” resignation of the governors, following one after the other, testify to the fact that right now there is a transition from election — albeit with many caveats — model to model “the Secretary”. Over time, this situation will be fixed through appropriate laws which the state Duma, of course, accept without further discussion.
The upcoming presidential elections won’t be called. When the champion is known in advance, it makes sense to watch the match there. Even combat simulation and competition is impossible without the participation of heavyweights if not, then at least average. Meanwhile, the decision not to allow Alexei Navalny to the election, apparently, already accepted, and other significant figures opposing the regime, simply no. Presidential elections will be held according to the model of the plebiscite, when the population confirms the legitimacy of the ruler by vote. In such a scenario, Putin does not need even amusing opponents. For “tick”, of course, register any candidates who represent the crowd. But essentially it does not change.
The discrediting of elections as a political institution led to a sustained conviction among the masses that the average person does not depend on, his voice does not solve anything. Everything is decided at the top, the responsibility and authority to make decisions delegated to the political elite. In fact, this model of autocracy, but with the procedure Kazimirov — to confirm legitimacy.
How in the XXI century in Russia there was such an archaic political structure? As taught by the classics of Marxism, the answer lies in the economy. The main sectors generating revenue — oil and gas — are fully controlled by the government. And after in recent months, several large private banks have become the object of reorganization of the Central Bank, experts openly talking about the fact that the financial sector is also under the control of the state. In short, to find a sphere in which the state directly or indirectly has a controlling stake, in modern Russia it is practically impossible.
And the state is first of all the officials. Bureaucracy is a rigid hierarchical system like a pyramid. And there is the same pyramidal structure is reproduced today in all spheres of public life. There can be no political competition in the monopolized state economy. The power in this system is money and property. On the goodwill of officials not to share either. Therefore, all projects of reform on which there are experts and institutes, are doomed to remain on paper. In a bureaucratic system can only be an administrative reshuffle and reshuffle. Itself this system is not reformed.
The question that stands today on the agenda, clearly articulated in his time, Lenin: “the Main issue is the question of power!” The policy of “besieged fortress” rhetoric of mobilization and allow you to maintain control over the country even if the deterioration of the material situation of the majority of the population. The price of simplification to the limit, the replacement policy public administration and economic competition — distribution system.
Such a simplified system at first glance is very convenient to manage. Everything is under control, both political and economic decisions are made in Moscow, and then fly across the country in the form of decrees and orders. But just like a stool, the model lacks flexibility and is not able to cope with the new tasks and challenges in today’s dynamic world.
To illustrate a historical story. During the show in the Kremlin, the film “Chapaev” the head of state Bolshakov decided to brag to Stalin some of the cinematic tricks. When the frame appeared Chapaev, riding on horseback, Bolshakov leader said: “This technique is called keying. In fact, the actor is sitting on a stool in the Studio and make that jump”. Stalin looked askance at them: “And on this stool you’re going to overtake Hollywood?..”