Last summer, your author set out to visit the village of Pominovo (accent on the first syllable) . rural settlements of the Tver region. For those who don’t know, Pominovo and its surroundings — the native land of Vladimir Putin: there lived his ancestors on the paternal side and a few kilometers farther, in the village of Zarichchia was born his mother.
I was warned that the road to the village overlaps the gate, on duty around the clock duty police officer and private security guard (formally — nearby secure facility “Zavidovo”), and cross the checkpoint can only happy owners of registrations, the owners of local real estate and writing of the invited person. But hope dies last, motivated. However, to no avail: not allowed.
By the way, at the end of the trip had the impression that Putin’s Pominovo covered “Dome” (there is such spetssluzhbistskoy program to limit access to specific information) — none Navigator searched the village did not find, and that led to another Pominovo, located a few dozen kilometers from the presidential land.
Local historians and religious scholars claim that in old days mostly priestless old Pominovo was part of the so-called old believers belt around Moscow. The most famous site of the “belt” to the East and South-East of the capital — on harming activity, which included not only parts of Moscow and Vladimir, Ivanovo and Ryazan regions (in the XIX century there was located the largest factory of believers), and in the North-West the priest’s Rzhev, Kimry or priestless old also priestless old village of Verkhnyaya Troitsa, where Stalin was born “all-Union headman” Mikhail Kalinin.
The originality of the ideological life of the inhabitants of the former priestless old villages is confirmed by many insignificant to the outsider details: closure, ruggedness, consumer austerity inhabitants, saving the maiden name of the bride in marriage, even when taking some of the nikonian rites, schismatic eight-pointed crosses on the graves and even the old custom of being photographed at the funeral beside the open coffin with the indispensable cross in a prominent place (in the Soviet time!), so much so that the dead man was visible.
Of course, not all Tver residents and their descendants were believers, but for a few postnatally centuries, the local population formed a kind of mentality, in General, coincide with the principles of life enemies of the state-nikonian reformation of the seventeenth century from other regions of the country. Moreover, historians believe that the true Orthodox appear just bespopovtsy (the believers not attending the temples for the lack thereof), the original heirs of Russian Velichestva, for which knowledge of primary and rituals are secondary. Popivtsi, once founded his own diocese, and not more than rivals, the official nikonian Church (the present Orthodox Church).
Here are some of the features of the mentality of the believers, before the revolution, constituted at least one third of the Russian society, the characteristics of the fully or partially spread to the entire nation.
1. Unlimited and unconditional patriotism as zeal for the welfare of the Fatherland, a divine gift: remember the phrase from the hymn “protected by God native land”. This mental trait had saved the Russian state from collapse in the late XVII —early XVIII centuries, when the country with fire and sword rolled a Split. The economy is the adherence to statism (the active participation of the state in economic life), solidarity and collectivism.
2. Conservatism to misoneism in ideological, public, and behavioral aspects. The feature stemming from the nature of the Split, the opposition to any reformation simulacra (rites, symbols), and, more importantly, the rejection of permanent contacts with foreigners. This also need to add the neglect of education, expanding competences.
3. The commitment is not so much official, how many of the informal legal code (with priority conceptual installations). This likeness of the old believers consents as with the secret services and organized crime. Business and everyday relations of old believers was built, including on the moral priority of personal responsibility before their closed communities, personal representations and mutual responsibility, internal law enforcement, the formation of illegal funds (common funds), subordinated to their own leaders.
4. The tendency to the solution of philosophical and economic issues of unconventional, illegal ways: relationship with the government (primarily with the Synodal Church) is often governed by means of corruption, which spread to other aspects of life, directly with the spiritual aspects are not related.
5. The reticence, the inconsistency, the ability to compromise, yielding to small, but leaving unshakeable main. In the continued — caution, indecision, the game second, permanent, up to paranoid, anticipation of danger. Here the roots of an internal discipline, echoes the care and honesty in the everyday, the spiritual and commercial life.
Despite the apparent attractiveness of the individual mental traits, many of them have become economic and communication archaic. The most vivid confirmation of the collapse of the old believer entrepreneurship in the early twentieth century, when Russia began to actively develop impersonal market relations, the priority was not overt or covert confrontation, and constructive interaction with the state, the role of foreign experts, capital, technology became decisive. The rejection of the changed socio-economic realities has become one of the causes of the famous revolutionary upheavals, when the old believers, seeking to preserve the boundaries and at the same time to revenge Romanov family, supported extremists.
Why such an extensive historical background, you ask? Just the facts needed for understanding the present. For a long time it seemed that the current system of government is composed according to the older ideological patterns. Clan power elite, immutable chain of mutual responsibility for each other, their own “Charter”, certain cash funds, rumors of which go with the start of zero — all this and much more, mindful of the sad finale of a century ago, conjures up disturbing thoughts about the natural repetition of the life cycle of the existing power structure.
However, the formal and, more importantly, adopted by the company the results of the recent election campaign has shown the falsity of these fears.
First, the results of regional elections has had a great renovation of the gubernatorial corps, and today this process is far from complete. Among the new governors are experienced officials and young people, which is largely due to the support the President received a solid vote of confidence.
Second, public, open-minded candidates into power in various areas tested in the course of the elections and the formation of regional teams — not that other as restarting the social Elevator, on failure of which, in recent years, said a constructive criticism of the authorities. Moreover, Putin separately instructed his administration to organize the work on the open selection of cadres at all levels of the Executive branch.
Third, personnel rotation should bring the public administration system of modern, including those taken from foreign practices, management decisions, necessary to support the authority of the government, improve the quality of life of people, development of economy of territories.
The world is rapidly growing, logistics and information space narrows, transparency becomes the norm. In the new conditions before the effective approaches to public and corporate construction are not just useless, but turn into an obstacle ultimately to improve the lives of people.
At the same time, the process of “modernizing” the bureaucratic mentality will be difficult, especially at first, when the system of regional and Federal authorities will still be strong its antiquated, archaic approaches. And so it will be as long as their carriers because of age or loss of utility will not depart on the second plan.
Let’s hope that the process of staff renewal will not stop in the regions and will apply to Federal agencies, with business qualities of the new candidates will check for compliance with first, a “Patriotic” point of our mentality.