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Monday, March 19, 2018

Forced Ukrainization: Kiev threaten diplomatic sanctions for language

Educational reform in Ukraine adopted by the Verkhovna Rada, but not yet signed by the President Poroshenko, has caused an international scandal. The Hungarian Parliament unanimously supported a resolution condemning the Ukrainian education reform. Europeans angered a violent Ukrainization of education, infringing on the rights of the Hungarians of Transcarpathia. The parliamentarians called on the government and the international community to condemn the intentions of the Ukrainian authorities, exerting diplomatic pressure on the Square.

photo: ru.wikipedia.org

The Minister of foreign Affairs of Hungary Peter Siarto has appealed to the UN high Commissioner for human rights Zeid Raad al-Hussein and his Austrian counterpart Sebastian Kurtz, who concurrently chairs the OSCE. Szijjártó requires to put pressure on Kiev to prevent the adoption Petro Poroshenko odious of education reform. The Hungarian Minister said that the country that tries to become part of the EU, must not violate one of the main democratic values — the protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens, especially national minorities.

The Minister focused attention on the violation by Ukraine of a number of documents, namely: the European Charter for regional or minority languages, the Charter of Paris the OSCE Copenhagen document and the Treaty on the foundations of good neighborliness and cooperation, and most importantly — the Constitution. Budapest insists on an immediate meeting of the UN on human rights and Hungarian diplomats have been instructed to veto any proposal initiated by Ukraine. Together with Hungary against the disgraced of the bill were Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland and Moldova. Prepared osujden statement and the deputies of the Russian state Duma. The document notes that Ukraine continues to destroy the remnants of Russian-language education, with a goal of complete assimilation of the Russian population of Ukraine. Thus, Kyiv has once again provokes the situation, which became the impetus for the development of civil war in the East of the country. However, in Kiev all charges dismiss, stating that the law is not contrary to any conventions and charters, especially the Constitution.

. In case of approval of the bill in secondary schools will introduce 12 years of schooling, and the institutions themselves will be divided into three types: primary (grades 1-4), gymnasium (5-9) and high schools (10-12). The last step will be relevant, pupils will be taught only the interests of their discipline, and 12th grade will be preparatory to the University. After the end of each stage will be tested in exam mcqs (similar to the Russian OGE and EGE). Most of the questions provoked two points of the document. The first is the decrease in the number of disciplines from 22 to 9 by combining items (for example, language and literature become “literature” algebra and geometry “mathematics”, and chemistry, biology, physics, geography and astronomy will transform into a single course “nature and man”). It is not difficult to imagine how such innovation could impact on the quality of education. Graduates who come to enroll in Universities in other countries, will have to explain to the admissions Committee how to distinguish them score of physics grades in chemistry. However, the reason for the disturbances was not so much combining items, how forced Ukrainization of education from 5th-12th grade training will be conducted only in the national language. The education in the languages of national minorities will remain only in elementary school, and revolted Hungarians and other European countries. In Kiev believe that the point about primary schools saves” them from accusations of violation of international conventions and its own Constitution.

Such reaction of the world community, especially countries bordering with Ukraine easily explained. If in the Eastern regions of the Square is home to most of the Russian-speaking population, in the West large concentrated ethnic groups of Moldovans (258 thousand), Bulgarians (204 thousand), Hungarians (156 thousand), Romania (151 thousand) and poles (144 thousand). Given the prevailing in Ukraine, anti-Russian rhetoric, infringement of the rights Russian-speaking population is not surprising, but the oppression of national minorities of the Western regions, to put it mildly, unusual. Natalina claiming commitment to European values, urging to take her in all sorts of organizations from NATO to the EU, violates the rights of its residents belonging to ethnic groups of countries, which have long been members of the aforementioned associations.

Petro Poroshenko is facing a serious choice: either to support the ultra-right-wing, in favour of forced Ukrainization of the population, or to bow before the will of the West and not to the disgraced reform. Whichever option he chose, he in any case will have to do a good mine at bad game, because presidential elections scheduled for 2019.

Director of the Institute for peace initiatives and conflict Denis DENISOV believes that “This reform is not enough that it violates basic international principles, but the Constitution of Ukraine itself. Here we are faced with another fact of the adoption by Ukraine of the law that is against the law. Whether it will be accepted? At the moment the situation is 50: 50. If from Europe, which should present a United front, will the rejection of this law, then it is very likely that Poroshenko will not sign it. If in the next week and a half no one will begin to exert strong pressure on Kyiv, it will be accepted.


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