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News of the HOUR:North Korea has rejected a new UN security Council sanctions
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The upgraded Il-96 will allow Russia to save important nwikipedia flight of a fundamentally new aircraft MS-21 means for Russia much
In the Russian civil aviation was a momentous event. Into the sky rose the first since the Soviet Union’s newest mainline aircraft MS-21. The success of this project is of critical importance for the country, as it will let you fly the Russian aircraft to new heights. Moreover, to climb above the world aircraft manufacturers Boeing and Airbus.
The first news about the successful test flight of MS-21 Sunday, may 28 2017, blew on his page in Facebook Vice-the President of Russia, Dmitry Rogozin, who also published photos of the aircraft in flight.
“For Russia, the first flight of the MS-21 is not just the birth of a new aircraft. This development of modern, advanced technology that Russia has, until recently, was not”
Russia did not make the first flight a huge show with a live broadcast, as they like to do in the West. MS-21 first took wing in a quiet “family” circle. However, the successful flight, of course, informed the President of Russia Vladimir Putin. He called Rogozin and the President has already gained the head of the Corporation “Irkut”, the General designer of OKB im. Yakovlev Oleg Demchenko and congratulated him and the company team on this important event.
However, after a series of test flights might take place and public flight of MS-21 with the participation of journalists and cameras.
Meanwhile, the Corporation “Irkut” they talked about the first flight of the liner MS-21-300. He was a regular, all the machine system operated without interruption. The flight lasted 30 minutes and took place at the height of 1 thousand meters at a speed of 300 km/h. The flight plan included testing the aircraft for stability and control, as well as the handling of the engines. “In accordance with the program during the flight made simulated landing approach with the subsequent passage of the strip, climb and turn. This technique is typical for the first flight of new types of aircraft,” – said the press service of the Corporation “Irkut”.
The MS-21 was piloted by the crew of a test pilot, Hero of Russia Oleg Kononenko and test pilot, Hero of Russia Roman Taskaeva. According to Kononenko, “flight mission fully implemented”. “The flight went normally. Comments that prevent the continuation of the tests, it is not revealed”, – said the pilot. “Confirmed features and modes of operation of the engines, all aircraft systems worked flawlessly,” – said Taskaev.
To start flight tests was planned in April, but then they were moved to the end of may. In early may it became known about the preparation of the liner for test flight after the first copy left the shop on may 4th. The head of the Ministry of industry and trade Denis Manturov said that the first flight is a matter of a few weeks.
Since the rolling out of the shop before the first test flight was held for 24 days. However, the rollout of the aircraft from the shop does not mean that the ship should immediately fly. “First comes the work in the open air: the aircraft is fueled, checked the tightness of the tanks, the whole complex system of fuel supply and other systems, start the engine. In the Internet appeared the photograph, where a number of MS-21 stood a fire truck. It is also normal practice: fire need when you first start the engine, because it never launched. It’s safety – and that’s all,” – says the head of the portal Avia.ru Roman Gusarov.
“After checking all the systems of the plane begins to slowly ride around the taxiways. Next step: start to give off and disperse the aircraft on the runway first, just braking, then lifting the front of the rack. And only after all the thousand times proven – here hurry only hurts – performed the first flight,” adds the source.The first flight of MS-21 28 may 2017
It is a revolution
For Russia, the first flight of the MS-21 is not just the culmination of many years of stage work of the numerous staff and the birth of the new aircraft. It is also the development of modern, advanced technology that Russia has, until recently, was not, says Gusarov.
While MS-21 ready for flight, on may 5 2017, has already made its first flight of its C919, a Chinese competitor.
However, about any gap between Russia and China and of speech can not be. Besides, the Russian ship is much more revolutionary than the Chinese. And in many ways, as stated by the developer, the MS-21 will be much better than their classmates from global giants Airbus and Boeing, namely the Airbus A319neo and the Boeing 737 MAX (with better engines).
“The MS-21 uses the latest technology that have not worked out in the world. And this is revolutionary, of course, there is a huge amount of risk – or will not. However, we had no choice. If you do plane on traditional technologies, he definitely will not be better than the “Boeing” and “Airbus”. They are squeezed from the classic design are already all that you can. Only taking a step forward, daring to win. To enter such a highly competitive market, it is necessary that our plane on the main parameters was significantly superior to Western competitors. Otherwise not get,” says Gusarov.
If you compare c SSJ-100, and this is the first created from scratch a civilian aircraft after the USSR, the liner Russia, in fact, learn to build modern aircraft from scratch and certify them in the West. “In the GSS do say it’s a school Desk,” says Gusarov. Although the SSJ-100 is a quite modern and decent liner, not inferior to their classmates on the flight characteristics and efficiency, yet the MS-21 is a step forward.
“The MS-21 we are already trying to catch up and sometimes overtake. Design gliders planes “Boeing-737” and “Airbus A-320″ more than a dozen years. The stuffing they change, constantly upgrading, but they were not willing to risk enough to create new design. In the global aviation industry there is a rule: if aircraft is more than 30% of innovation, it’s a huge risk. Therefore, the Western producer tries is the number of innovations in the aircraft not to implement,” says Gusarov. And Russia took the risk to create an aircraft surpassing Western competitors in the major parameters, which is the only way to hook into the steel duopoly “Boeing” and “Airbus”.
So while no one can say how all will go smoothly. And no matter how important the first test flight of MS-21, the work does not end here. The first flight will follow is an important key for the exam of the aircraft, for designers and for everyone who created this plane. This flight (factory) testing and subsequent certification of the aircraft. During factory testing we will check the reliability of all systems, compliance to specifications, to withdraw all the possible flaws.
“Only when the aircraft is certified, it can be said that the creators of the aircraft was successful. It is not enough to create an aircraft that have yet to prove that he is reliable, secure and meets all modern requirements for civil aircraft. Not only Russian, but European. These requirements apply not only to the aircraft itself, but on all systems and materials down to the last rivet. Certified everything from aircraft design to suppliers”, – says Roman Gusarov.
Plan to complete testing and certification is planned in 2018 and 2019 the planned delivery of the first three aircraft. However, how much time it will take to flight and certification tests and a half – two years – it doesn’t matter, as long as the plane was certified. “Because many of the technologies that are used in the MS-21, not in Russia but in the world nobody used in the construction of aircraft. Therefore, it is better not to hurry and to bring to market a good product”, – said Gusarov.
The latest Russian technology
The most important Russian know-how when creating the MS-21 is the use of composite materials, whose share in the design shall be 40%. And the main advantage is a composite wing. On narrowbody aircraft, which is the MS-21 or Boeing, nor “Airbus” composite wing no. Composite wings are only wide-body Boeing 787 Dreamliner and the A350. However, Russia has developed a proprietary composite technology, which make the wing less expensive and easier.
28 may at the airfield of the Irkutsk aviation plant was the first flight of the latest Russian passenger aircraft MS-21-300. The flight duration was 30 minutes, it took place at an altitude of 1000 meters at a speed of 300 km/h. The crew reported on the full execution of the flight task, all the aircraft systems worked without sourece is about the infusion of technology of creation of composite wing box MS-21 aircraft. Russia was the first to use this technology on a commercial scale especially for the manufacture of large aircraft structures. The so-called black wing allows to increase the aerodynamic quality of the aircraft in cruising flight.
“When technologies are developed and mastered in Russia, will confirm its right to exist from the point of view of reliability of the resource and low price, this will represent a huge opportunity for the entire Russian aviation industry. If the MS-21 gets a black wing at the expense of these technologies, then all the other planes that will be created in Russia, can build on this technology. And this creates enormous benefits and weight of the aircraft, and the aerodynamics and flight characteristics, and cost,” says Roman Gusarov. Therefore, Russia not only took a big risk in case of a victory it is waiting for a huge benefit.
Another pride of Russia – the “intellect” of the liner MS-21. Russian experts from the “Irkut”, TSAGI and other companies within the KLA, has developed high-tech software, which has the algorithm and function of aircraft control – many so-called protection against the fool, which no foreign aircraft. They increase the safety of the aircraft and reduce the risk of a human factor in it governance.
For example, the control system of MS-21 will prevent the plane from the so-called stalling, which occurs if the aircraft nose up and lose speed, including in icing conditions, i.e. when the wing has formed ice. And for the first time on the MC-21 is being limited not only by scoring the nose, but the angle of roll, so that when landing, the plane did not hit the ground wing or nacelle (the place where the engine was), Oleg Panteleev from the “Airport”. And this kind of automation functions that allows you to reverse the side effects “manual control” of the aircraft, according to him, MS-21 is still a lot. Of course, much circuitry overseas, but the idea and development of “intelligence” is a purely Russian know-how.
Overall, the MS-21 all the most modern, including the “heart” of the liner. The engine is the most difficult and important part of the aircraft. While the Russian aircraft will be flying on a modern engine PW1400G from the American company Pratt & Whitney, which has shown good performance. But specifically for the MS-21 is also created turbofan engine PD-14 is the latest and fully domestic, from the United engine Corporation (UEC). Russia for the first time since the collapse of the Soviet Union is building a new engine. In November 2015 UEC began the flight testing of PD-14, in 2018 it is planned to start serial production. In the end, customers will be able to choose which engine to fly. It is expected that the PD-14 will ensure the superiority of MS-21 aircraft on the A320 and Boeing-737 will provide parity with the engines that will be installed on upgraded A320neo and Boeing 737 MAX.
What is the MS-21 is better than the upgraded A320neo and Boeing 737 MAX? The Russian airliner will have better characteristics for fuel consumption and lower direct operating costs. As stated by the developer, the operating characteristics of MS-21 is reduced by 12-15% compared to current generation aircraft and by 6-7% compared to their remoteservername version, i.e. with Boieng A320neo and 737 MAX.
Cruising speed of MC-21 is also higher than the European competitor, – 870 km/h vs 828 km/h in Airbus. Even the 737 MAX with its 842 km/h inferior to the Russian ship. The cost for the catalogue of one of the liner MS-21 is 85 million dollars. While Airbus A319neo is from 97,5 to 124,4 million dollars depending on the modification, and the 737 MAX from 90,2 to 116,6 million dollars.
Emission of harmful substances into the atmosphere from the MS-21 was reduced by more than 20% compared to existing analogues.
In addition, the designers reduced the turnaround time of aircraft at the airport by as much as 20% compared to competitors. Coupled with better fuel efficiency and the weight of the airline will be able to additionally earn up to $ 3 million for operation of MS-21.
Even inside the Russian liner more convenient. Due to the elongated fuselage was able to make the aisle wider, to make landing and disembarkation of passengers and cleaning the cabin faster. All of this means for airlines time savings on the back of the plane at the airport, and therefore reduces their costs.
At the moment the portfolio of orders for MS-21 aircraft is 285. Of them for 175 cars signed solid (provincialnye) contracts, and a further 110 aircraft reached a preliminary agreement and signed the framework agreement.
The largest customer was the airline “Aeroflot” which plans to operate 50 MS-21. The first three have to in 2019.
According to plan by 2018, the Corporation “Irkut” will collect the first four MS-21 and will gradually increase the volume of production. In 2020 will be 20 aircraft per year, and by 2023 – 70 aircraft. To produce 60-70 cars a year is quite possible, because in parallel with the creation of MS-21 has occurred and modernization of the plant for its production, says Roman Gusarov.
“And sell 60-70 aircraft will have no difficulty, if the product is all range of services – financing, loans, texaslouisiana parts. The manufacturer not simply sells the car and sells the life cycle of the aircraft from delivery to disposal. Today, Boeing and Airbus produced more than 600 aircraft for a couple. We and our 60-70 aircraft will easily break, they are even especially this competition is on our side and not notice”, – the expert concludes. But to reach the same production volumes as Boeing and Airbus, will need much more time. The Western aircraft manufacturers reached such volumes for decades.