Photo: Nikolay Gyngazov/Global Look Rgege next year minimum wage (the minimum wage) should be compared with the cost of living. The job has given Vladimir Putin. The state Duma has promised to enact as soon as possible. Thus, the minimum wage equal to the subsistence minimum for the first time, although it has declared in recent years. Will this help in the fight against poverty? Details…
- China has sharply reduced import of waste from USA
- Expert: Tyumen reached the fourth place in Russia on volume of housing
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Go to a section…”Sevastopol should become the southern capital”Photo: Vasily Batanov/RIA “news”,”If you spend time on the constant scandals, public discussion, and to care in other planes other than work, then you have nothing useful happens” – said the newspaper VIEW, the newly elected Governor of Sevastopol Dmitry Ovsyannikov. In particular, he commented on the subject of previous disagreements with the team of his predecessor Alexey Chaly. Details…
- The Ministry of foreign Affairs: Problems with the DPRK resulted from the overthrow of Gaddafi in Libya
- Moscow urged Washington to give the restriction of military contacts
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Go to a section…”to Turn Victory Park into a Museum not normal”Photos: spravka.sevas.com”Sevastopol has a glut, where virtually every square meter of the monuments. Residents even said that there are already enough” – said the newspaper VIEW Nadezhda Vinokurova, chief engineer of “Institute Novgorodgrazhdanproekt”, developed the project of reconstruction of Victory Park in Sevastopol. Details…
- Rocket “Soyuz-FG” was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome with a manned spacecraft “Soyuz MS-06”
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Go to a section…the United States remained a gap, a critically vulnerable to nuclear attackPhoto: Workman/WikipediaРассуждающие about the prospect of nuclear war between the US and the DPRK think in terms of a missile strike, the benefit is for the missiles, Pyongyang has bet. Meanwhile, it is obvious that such an attack is impossible. But it is theoretically possible the other is also nuclear and so devastating that America after he did not recover for a very long time. Details…
- The number of victims of hurricane “Irma” reached 55 people
- Maduro agreed to the dialogue between the Venezuelan government and the opposition
- North Korea has rejected a new UN security Council sanctions
Go to a section…”Arrow from Ivanteevka” was inspired by the American experiencePhoto: from the personal pages vk.com the alleged shooter”Ivanteevka is a very beautiful, prosperous city with good, proper social environment. We need to understand what pushed a young man to such actions,” – said the newspaper VIEW Duma Deputy from the Moscow region Sergei Zhigarev. A student opened fire in class, according to classmates, was different unsociable disposition, however, he did not hide his intentions, no one took the example. Details…
- The building of the Federation of Jewish communities in Moscow threw “Molotov cocktail”
- In Samara, an anesthesiologist was accused of raping patient
- In an accident with a drunk policeman in Moscow killed a motorcyclist
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Eduard Birov: Where did the “Orthodox LIH”
Media horror story “ISIL is terrorizing the Orthodox culture”, it seems, may be one of the main subjects of liberal propaganda in the new political season leading up to the elections of the President.
Details…Discussion: 23 comments
Andrew Schmidt: Why Russia is easy to do business
What we in Germany took years of painstaking work, managed to do in Russia for a few months at a comparable budget, and he’s always at the start of several thousand euros.
Details…Discussion: 15 comments
Yevgeny Satanovsky: the Arc of the armistice
What are the chances of eradicating the “Islamic state” as a tool of influence in the middle East the Sunni elites in the development of the situation in the Muslim world? The IG is not the structure, the aim of which was the establishment of a Caliphate.
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Online marathon “election Night – 2017”
Discussion: 7 comments
Putin held a plenary meeting of the Eastern economic forum
Putin held an open lesson “Russia looking into the future”
Discussion: 9 comments
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Defined “Miss America – 2018”
For the first time in the history of the contest “Miss America” winner was the representative of North Dakota. 23-year-old Kara Mundu is the USA champion, and six years ago was marked by Obama for his merits in the field of philanthropy. Local media and bloggers, however, the winner dubbed the “fatty”Details…Discussion: 21 review
“Irma” flooded Miami
The popular American resort of Miami in Southeast Florida, like many other cities of the coast of the Atlantic ocean, was almost flooded after a hurricane swept “Irma”. Only in the de-energized state of 3 million buildings evacuated nearly 6.5 million of itemattribute…
Musk first showed SpaceX space suit in full growth
Elon Musk in his blog posted photos of the new SpaceX space suit in full growth. Prior to that, he showed the helmet and upper part of the protective space suit. The man in the suit standing on the background of the ship Crew DragonПодробности…Discussion: 11 comments
Go to a section…For whom do you support in the conflict between Saakashvili and Poroshenko?
- I wish you success Saakashvili
- I wish success to Poroshenko
Alexey Chaly invited to make a Patriotic Sevastopol the capital of Russia. How do you feel about this idea?
- Patriotic capital should be another city
- Patriotic do not need the capital
Ramzan Kadyrov has expressed its disagreement with Russia’s position regarding Myanmar. Is it acceptable that the head of the Russian region publicly challenged the country’s foreign policy (which is not true to his official authority)?
- Yes, a politician can always defend its position publicly
- No, in this case, it’s insubordination
- All depends on the personality of the head region
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News of the HOUR:North Korea has rejected a new UN security Council sanctions
Medina said his “patience is full””Russian helicopter” was found in Kherson region Ukrainegorokhiv: Poklonskaya woke obscurantist siliporite of the Russian Federation demanded an apology from the German magazine for insults to Putinesque details of the draft resolution of Russia in the UN mission in Donbasskogo on behalf of Putin, met in Damascus with Bademantel Urgant commented on the quarrel of son with Solovevym-speaker explained his statement about the armless democraticpresident of the USA to Ukraine spoke about the fate of Saakashvilia announced the drop of relations with Russia at “lowest point”Mass “telephone terrorism” raises many вопросовApple introduced a new iPhone
The main theme
Russia prevents the United States to stifle the DPRK
Krasovskii and pubic hair got in a fight over the procession regarding “Matilda”
The U.S. explained the dissatisfaction with the purchase of a Turkey-400
China began to reject American trash
“breach of obligations”
EU puts Ukraine the conditions for the allocation of the next tranche
“we believe in democracy”
Clinton said the reasons “personal animosity” Putin to her
The welfare of the United States is impossible without money from the rest of the world
How would look like the scenario of a nuclear attack by the DPRK to the United States
Andrei Babitsky: In the boat of Ukrainian statehood punched a huge hole
“the great project”
Sergei Khudiyev education Reform in Ukraine indicates an important watershed
The scandal with the “Matilda”
Eduard Birov: the Root cause of the incident is obvious miss state
in your opinion
For whom do you support in the conflict between Saakashvili and Poroshenko?
Russia took a big step on the path to leadership on the shelf Arcticsafari sanctions affected the fate of the Russian icebreaker fleet”was the First to purchase our patent Steve jobs”
“Installed on ships laser system will reduce transport costs along the Northern sea route and develop the Arctic shelf. Shipping in the Kara sea instead of three nuclear icebreakers of the “Arctic” and two type “Taimyr” will be enough three icebreakers with laser complex”, – said the newspaper VIEW one of the creators of laser systems for icebreakers Sergei Popov.
In November of this year on the icebreaker “Dikson” will begin sea trials of a unique laser system for breaking ice, developed at the National center of laser systems and complexes (NSLSC) “Astrophysics” (part of the holding “Schwabe” state Corporation “rostec”), together with scientists from the Arctic and Antarctic research Institute of St. Petersburg.
What is the relationship to developed in Russia laser technology has Steve jobs and his “IPhones” as the creators of this laser persuaded skeptics who do not believe in the possibility of a cleaved laser ice, and how these technologies can save from floods and oil spills, in an interview with the newspaper look told the first Deputy General Director for R & d and innovative development of the holding “Schwabe” doctor of technical Sciences, associate Professor Sergei Popov.
QUESTION: How did this idea to create a laser system for cutting ice?
Sergei Popov: it All started in 2011 when the television report showed the operation in the Arctic to free the ship from ice captivity two of the most powerful icebreakers. And together with scientists and engineers from laser scientists NSLSC “Astrophysics” we thought, as with a laser to make the Arctic region more effective. How to help ensure the smooth transport of minerals and supply of equipment for their production in the harsh climate of the Arctic ocean?
A prototype of the idea of cutting the ice laser can be called a previously developed technology, which is now used by almost all. But few know that it is domestic technology. First noticed this invention and bought our patent Steve jobs. Now
all the screens on the “IPhones” and “IPads” cut with our method and equipment. We use this invention for the industry, and Steve jobs – for the mass market.
We are talking about the invention of the company “Sapphire” (now “shvabe – Photosystem”), together with the Institute of thermal method of controlled laser thermosplitting of fragile materials. Prior to this screen for smartphones and phones were cut using a diamond lap, but this method had the seam edge of the screen required grinding, which is quite a laborious job.
We came up with a different technology: laser heat a local point, formed a small line on the glass, and then the heated surface is the refrigerant (water / air mixture or nitrogen, for example). The result is rapid heating and rapid cooling there is a crack of small size. This method allows to control the process of cutting glass and get a seamless screen for your smartphone. In addition, it allows you to shoot edge 0.5 mm or even less, making the cut glass is more durable. And it can be not only a smartphone screen, but sapphire or other fragile materials.
OPINION: how this technology works when cutting the ice? I guess one of the downsides – the need for huge power for operation of the laser system for cutting ice?
S. P.: A really think cut the ice with laser impossible due to the low thermal conductivity of ice, the conversion of water into steam, and other factors. Actually, you can, but to cut through ice with a thickness of only 20 cm, you will need to spend that kind of power, which produce two plants. This is actually how to cut glass with a hacksaw: force spent a lot, but little help. As glass is cut in a regular home? A diamond or a glass cutter disk, passing through the glass surface, leaving a scratch from which is born the crack. To cut glass, 5 mm thick, enough cracks of 0.05 mm. Technology ice technology is similar to cutting glass.
For example, to cut a sapphire or glass for smartphone screen by laser thermosplitting, the power of the laser radiation needs to be 20-200 Watts. This is a common light bulb. So to cut the ice, requires not so much power.
Another important point for understanding technology. As currently there is the overcoming of the ice barriers? Icebreaker picks up speed and its gravity, taking into account the residual wedge angle of the bow pushes and breaks through the ice.
The essence of the invention that
the ice incision with a laser beam as a cutter, it is in those places where there are points of stress concentration at which the ice breaks.
We don’t need to cut all the ice like glass with a hacksaw, it is necessary only to make an incision, as the glass cutter, one-tenth of a share of ice thickness. So the laser unit does not need a lot of power. Optical design and fabrication the laser head is an art. Our know-how is to form the beam, which will cut into the ice at a given distance from the icebreaker.
OPINION: What tests have been done, what challenges were faced, what do you expect from the first test in open water in the Arctic, which is scheduled to take place in November?
S. P.: First, we modeled this method mathematically. Then conducted experiments with ice, frozen in the fridge from ordinary water. He injects with no problems. But the number of scientists we said, in the Northern seas freeze salt water, so in ice there are sprinklings of water. This is what’s called pressure (heterogeneous) ice.
Therefore, to demonstrate the obtained results, we invited scholars and practitioners from more than 20 organizations and under the video conducted an experiment with the pack ice from salt water. We all demonstrated that laser radiation of low power is able to break the ice a meter thick.
Half a year later we worked with this technology in the St. Petersburg TSNII im. academician A. N. Krylov. There is a large pool to determine the hydrodynamic characteristics of models of vessels up to 3 meters, where you can create ice conditions. And an experiment was conducted with a laser installation on the layout of an icebreaker on a smaller scale. The result also turned positive.
OPINION: how deep was to break the ice?
S. P.: At a distance of 10 meters from the ship the pack ice a meter thick. More yet did not try.
OPINION: where will be the laser unit on the ship?
S. P.: for some reason everyone thinks that the laser unit must be on the nose of the ship. Actually it can be anywhere. It can be mounted on the upper deck or inside. And the laser light is transmitted via fiber optic cable of large diameter.
OPINION: IN November you plan to test in the winter navigation, the icebreaker “Dikson” laser installation. What fears cause the real tests?
SP: a lot of Them, and the need for this natural experiment. For example, from icebreaker are vibration. Ideally, the laser beam is a straight line, but in practice, if the source on which the laser vibrates, then we can get another picture. We tried to take into account the vibration mathematically came up with gyrostabilization the laser head. Gyrostabilization – it’s all our thing, we can do it. Not the fact that in practice it will be one to one as in theory. So I can’t say that tomorrow it’ll work. But the fact that this will work, I’m sure. You just have to practice to test and modify.
OPINION: what is the practical meaning of such a laser system? It is claimed that it will improve icebreaking capability and a class icebreaker?
S. P.: the Icebreaker “Arktika” can overcome the ice depth of 3.5 meters, because he has a powerful power plant and a huge mass. And there are small ships that can pass through the ice to a depth of not more than 1 meter. But with the help of laser systems they will be able to overcome the ice depth up to 1.5–2 meters, without much load. Formally, the class of the vessel increases. The icebreaker will not become heavier and more powerful, but its ability to overcome the ice fields will increase.
OPINION: the State under the state Program of development of the Arctic is investing heavily in the construction of expensive and powerful icebreakers. But if the laser system is capable of increasing the class of icebreaker, then maybe such expensive and don’t need any more, enough icebreakers small class?
Sergei Popov: in 2017, the project is interested in China
SP: Interesting question. I think the large vessels of “Arctic” will still be needed. Despite the high level of scientific forecasting, to the end to calculate the depth and movement of ice field does not always work. Periodically, the ice still grips the court. For example, in the path of the icebreaker cross ice to a depth of 1.5 meters appeared thicker ice to release it from the ice captivity have to organize an expensive rescue mission. And the presence of such a laser system will help the icebreaker to maintain patency in more severe weather conditions than calculated meteorologists, which will reduce the number of rescue operations.
According to economic calculations, installed on vessels laser system will reduce transport costs along the Northern sea route and develop the Arctic shelf. For example, considered that transport in the Kara sea instead of three nuclear icebreakers of the “Arctic” and two nuclear-powered icebreakers of the “Taimyr” will be enough three icebreakers with laser complex. That is, instead of the huge icebreakers icebreakers will be sufficient lower grade. Our technology will help achieve government objectives: to increase the season the transport of ships along the Northern sea route, making it year-round, as well as to increase the turnover.
OPINION: are There other ways to use this technology?
S. P.: We have one more development right “squeezed” from the same laser. Based on this same laser has another idea for a new development. It helps to combat oil spills on water. Oil film now collect special equipment. In the Gulf of Mexico spilled oil trying to collect different ways over a long period of time, which was inflicted enormous damage to the nature, killing many fish, marine animals and birds. And laser install to solve this problem much faster.
We conducted pilot testing with a small oil spill – possible to clean several hundred square meters of oil pollution.
The beam laser system is directed to the spot and focused just below the surface of the water, then the oil spot lights and steam rises. Steam-water mixture burns almost without residue. The products of combustion are minimal. Environmentally it is safe: under the surface of the water, nothing happens. This technology perfected and patented.
There are pessimists who believe that if so singe large area of spilled oil, you get oil cloud. But you just have to find a middle ground to oil on the water burned manageable. And this requires a practical test.
We showed that the development of the oil industry. They are asking for a finished product. But the finished product requires investments, and it is only development.
Another aspect of our invention can help in the fight against floods. In Russia, many of the Northern rivers, and every spring in their mouths the ice is melting later than in southern latitudes, there are floods. To prevent emergencies Ministry carries out activities aimed at undermining the ice using aircraft and specialists in this area to break up the ice field and to raise the water level. This is not the most environmentally friendly and safe for marine flora and fauna.
We propose to set the laser system on the hovercraft for free movement on the ice. And with a laser to create cracks in the ice field for the two diagonals. Then, in the mouth of the icebreaker comes and breaks loose ice. We have already pre-agreed with MOE to conduct such field tests.
OPINION: There are already potential customers are the lasers?
S. P.: at least two customers there. It is the Northern shipping company (this organization will be given an icebreaker for field tests in November), and the Ministry.
After the presentation of the laser system at the conference on flood management representatives of the MOE and the government of the Yakut region have expressed interest in this development. Currently completed the research stage for all three inventions, however, serial production yet. You must complete the stage of development work.
OPINION: the export potential there?
SP: After experiments at the Institute named after academician A. P. Krylov, the project was nominated in 2013 for the contest in Geneva, where he was awarded the gold medal of the International innovation salon of Inventions Geneva. At the same event representatives of the canadian firms interested in the development. In Canada, ice conditions are very similar. However, after the introduction of sanctions, the cooperation stopped.
In 2017, the project was interested in the representatives of the people’s Republic of China.
OPINION: How long has it been from the beginning ideas?
SP: the Idea originated in 2011 and was patented in 2012, our company NZLS “Astrophysics”. Since then, gradually implement this innovative project.
OPINION: not enough Funding? Under the state program were allocated…
S. P.: of Money allocated for research and development, is not enough. And since the success of this project, many were in doubt of the allocated funds were enough only to modeling.
OPINION: now believe?
SP: Believe. But now we are talking about development, about practical tests that require new funds. While we try to find money from different sources. Due to the fact that the funds are allocated from disparate channels, we can’t do it all at once to do. Now we are trying to engage in program development of Maritime transport by 2030 and to enter the program of development of the Arctic as a separate segment.
LOOK: How much money is necessary to bring the project laser systems for icebreakers and the other two laser design to series production?
S. P.: It’s not cheap, but not exorbitant amounts. We are talking about several hundred million rubles for the icebreaker project, and about the same need for two other projects – for removing stains of oil on the water and the destruction of the ice at the mouths of the Northern rivers to reduce the risk of flooding. And then within one or two years we could bring all three projects to marketable product.
OPINION: How much will the finished products?
S. P.: Not ready to say exactly. But it will, most likely, tens of millions of rubles. Laser system for icebreaker, which will raise its ice class, will cost somewhere in the 5% of the cost of an icebreaker.