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Saturday, November 18, 2017

A giant bridge in Hokkaido where more need Moscow than Tokyo


Photo: Nikolay Gyngazov/Global Look Rgege next year minimum wage (the minimum wage) should be compared with the cost of living. The job has given Vladimir Putin. The state Duma has promised to enact as soon as possible. Thus, the minimum wage equal to the subsistence minimum for the first time, although it has declared in recent years. Will this help in the fight against poverty? Details…

  • China has sharply reduced import of waste from USA
  • Expert: Tyumen reached the fourth place in Russia on volume of housing
  • Average check of Russians during one trip to the store has exceeded 500 rubles

Go to a section…”Sevastopol should become the southern capital”Photo: Vasily Batanov/RIA “news”,”If you spend time on the constant scandals, public discussion, and to care in other planes other than work, then you have nothing useful happens” – said the newspaper VIEW, the newly elected Governor of Sevastopol Dmitry Ovsyannikov. In particular, he commented on the subject of previous disagreements with the team of his predecessor Alexey Chaly. Details…

  • The Ministry of foreign Affairs: Problems with the DPRK resulted from the overthrow of Gaddafi in Libya
  • Moscow urged Washington to give the restriction of military contacts
  • Clinton declared a “personal vendetta” Putin after NATO enlargement

Go to a section…”to Turn Victory Park into a Museum not normal”Photos: spravka.sevas.com”Sevastopol has a glut, where virtually every square meter of the monuments. Residents even said that there are already enough” – said the newspaper VIEW Nadezhda Vinokurova, chief engineer of “Institute Novgorodgrazhdanproekt”, developed the project of reconstruction of Victory Park in Sevastopol. Details…

  • Rocket “Soyuz-FG” was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome with a manned spacecraft “Soyuz MS-06”
  • In the movement “forty times Forty” did not agree with Govorukhin and Medina on “Matilda”
  • Andrey Urgant commented on the quarrel of son with Solovyov

Go to a section…the United States remained a gap, a critically vulnerable to nuclear attackPhoto: Workman/WikipediaРассуждающие about the prospect of nuclear war between the US and the DPRK think in terms of a missile strike, the benefit is for the missiles, Pyongyang has bet. Meanwhile, it is obvious that such an attack is impossible. But it is theoretically possible the other is also nuclear and so devastating that America after he did not recover for a very long time. Details…

  • North Korea has rejected a new UN security Council sanctions
  • Volker suggested to resolve in court the question of citizenship Saakashvili
  • In the district of Sagrada Familia declared anti-terrorist operation

Go to a section…”Arrow from Ivanteevka” was inspired by the American experiencePhoto: from the personal pages vk.com the alleged shooter”Ivanteevka is a very beautiful, prosperous city with good, proper social environment. We need to understand what pushed a young man to such actions,” – said the newspaper VIEW Duma Deputy from the Moscow region Sergei Zhigarev. A student opened fire in class, according to classmates, was different unsociable disposition, however, he did not hide his intentions, no one took the example. Details…

  • The building of the Federation of Jewish communities in Moscow threw “Molotov cocktail”
  • In Samara, an anesthesiologist was accused of raping patient
  • In an accident with a drunk policeman in Moscow killed a motorcyclist

Go to a section…

Eduard Birov: Where did the “Orthodox LIH”

Media horror story “ISIL is terrorizing the Orthodox culture”, it seems, may be one of the main subjects of liberal propaganda in the new political season leading up to the elections of the President.
Details…Discussion: 23 comments

Andrew Schmidt: Why Russia is easy to do business

What we in Germany took years of painstaking work, managed to do in Russia for a few months at a comparable budget, and he’s always at the start of several thousand euros.
Details…Discussion: 15 comments

Yevgeny Satanovsky: the Arc of the armistice

What are the chances of eradicating the “Islamic state” as a tool of influence in the middle East the Sunni elites in the development of the situation in the Muslim world? The IG is not the structure, the aim of which was the establishment of a Caliphate.
Details…

    Go to a section…

    Online marathon “election Night – 2017”

    Discussion: 7 comments

    Putin held a plenary meeting of the Eastern economic forum

    Putin held an open lesson “Russia looking into the future”

    Discussion: 9 comments

      Go to a section…

      Defined “Miss America – 2018”

      For the first time in the history of the contest “Miss America” winner was the representative of North Dakota. 23-year-old Kara Mundu is the USA champion, and six years ago was marked by Obama for his merits in the field of philanthropy. Local media and bloggers, however, the winner dubbed the “fatty”Details…Discussion: 21 review

      “Irma” flooded Miami

      The popular American resort of Miami in Southeast Florida, like many other cities of the coast of the Atlantic ocean, was almost flooded after a hurricane swept “Irma”. Only in the de-energized state of 3 million buildings evacuated nearly 6.5 million of itemattribute…

      Musk first showed SpaceX space suit in full growth

      Elon Musk in his blog posted photos of the new SpaceX space suit in full growth. Prior to that, he showed the helmet and upper part of the protective space suit. The man in the suit standing on the background of the ship Crew DragonПодробности…Discussion: 11 comments

        Go to a section…For whom do you support in the conflict between Saakashvili and Poroshenko?

        • I wish you success Saakashvili
        • I wish success to Poroshenko

        Alexey Chaly invited to make a Patriotic Sevastopol the capital of Russia. How do you feel about this idea?

        • Support
        • Patriotic capital should be another city
        • Patriotic do not need the capital

        Ramzan Kadyrov has expressed its disagreement with Russia’s position regarding Myanmar. Is it acceptable that the head of the Russian region publicly challenged the country’s foreign policy (which is not true to his official authority)?

        • Yes, a politician can always defend its position publicly
        • No, in this case, it’s insubordination
        • All depends on the personality of the head region

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          News of the HOUR:North Korea has rejected a new UN security Council sanctions

          Medina said his “patience is full””Russian helicopter” was found in Kherson region Ukrainegorokhiv: Poklonskaya woke obscurantist siliporite of the Russian Federation demanded an apology from the German magazine for insults to Putinesque details of the draft resolution of Russia in the UN mission in Donbasskogo on behalf of Putin, met in Damascus with Bademantel Urgant commented on the quarrel of son with Solovevym-speaker explained his statement about the armless democraticpresident of the USA to Ukraine spoke about the fate of Saakashvilia announced the drop of relations with Russia at “lowest point”Mass “telephone terrorism” raises many вопросовApple introduced a new iPhone

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          Russia prevents the United States to stifle the DPRK

          liberal bloggers

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          “test anxiety”

          The U.S. explained the dissatisfaction with the purchase of a Turkey-400

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          “breach of obligations”

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          Clinton said the reasons “personal animosity” Putin to her

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          The Russian Embassy in the US said about bullying of the state Department

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          The welfare of the United States is impossible without money from the rest of the world

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          The scandal with the “Matilda”

          Eduard Birov: the Root cause of the incident is obvious miss state

          in your opinion

          For whom do you support in the conflict between Saakashvili and Poroshenko?

          Far Eastern hectares creates a new history usahasama helped Russia to turn around to the East a Giant bridge in Hokkaido where more need Moscow than Tokyo

          Island Japan with the help of Russia is able to become a continental power. At least, that such a turn has used Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov, speaking about the possibility of construction of a bridge between Sakhalin and Hokkaido. But if the sense of this gigantic project for Moscow to some extent discern, then to Tokyo, its effect is not so obvious.

          Russia and Japan are discussing the construction of a bridge between Hokkaido and Sakhalin, said the first Vice-Premier Igor Shuvalov.

          “We seriously offer to the Japanese partners to consider the construction of a mixed transport road / rail from Hokkaido to the southern part of Sakhalin. While we are on the verge to start his part of the work – bringing to the Pacific coast railway and the construction of such a complex transition from the mainland to Sakhalin. In this case, it will provide additional opportunities to use our rail infrastructure, and Japan will be the continental power,” – said the first Deputy Prime Minister, speaking at an economic forum in Vladivostok, “Interfax”.

          “Is it possible to do this? Perhaps with current technology it’s not even that expensive. And we with our Japanese partners is seriously discussed,” he added.

          Shuvalov is talking about two bridges. One should connect Sakhalin island with the mainland across the Strait of Nevel, and the other the island of Sakhalin with the Japanese island of Hokkaido through La Perouse Strait.

          The idea for this project is discussed for a very long time. About connecting Sakhalin with the mainland was dreaming under Stalin. Then these plans look fantastic, but modern technologies have changed a lot. Russia has built in Vladivostok bridge to the island Russian and is very close to the appearance of the Kerch bridge connecting the Crimea Peninsula with mainland Russia. Connection of Sakhalin with the mainland was discussed different ways: from the possibility to build a tunnel or a dam with a navigable channel up to the bridge in various combinations.

          Why is the decision on construction of the Kerch bridge was so fast, and the bridge Sakhalin – continent is still not built? The problem in the economy. With the Crimean bridge in this plan, everything is clear – it will be a real boost to the economic development of the Peninsula, the prospects of traffic growth at anybody does not cause doubts. And, of course, the connection of the Crimea with the rest of Russia is very important from a political point of view.

          The emergence of transition continent – island will no doubt accelerate the development of the Khabarovsk Krai and Sakhalin region, new jobs, tax revenues, etc. Now all the goods and food to Sakhalin are delivered by sea, so their costs are much higher than in Russia on average. But Sakhalin is not Crimea, local gruzooborot much more modest. The appearance of a bridge or tunnel to the mainland will increase transport line Selikhin – Nysh to 9.2 million tons per year. Given the cost of the bridge, this is not enough.

          Sam bridge crossing over the Nevelskoy Strait would cost 286 billion rubles, which is almost 60 billion more expensive than the construction of the Kerch bridge (228 billion rubles). However, this is not the final cost. The project is expected to build a railroad from the station Salesin, on the Baikal-Amur mainline in the town of Komsomolsk-on-Amur to the station Nysh, located on the island of Sakhalin. With this in mind, the total cost of the project could grow to 400 billion roubles or even more.

          If Sakhalin is connected not only with the Russian mainland, but the Japanese island of Hokkaido, it will create a transport corridor Japan – Russia – EU. In this case, transportation may increase several times – up to 33 to 40 million tons per year, and that’s another conversation. In this scenario, the project will give economic effect not only for the Sakhalin region and the Khabarovsk region but for the whole Russia. And maybe even pay off, although through the decades.

          Technically, the task of building a bridge across the Strait of La Perouse, though difficult, but solvable with current technology, says Alexey Kalachev from CC “Finam”. It will be a bridge length of almost 43 km, but China has experience in the construction of bridges and longer. Another thing is that the ocean facilities such length in the world, especially in the harsh conditions of the Okhotsk sea, says Kalachev. The average depth in the Strait is 20-40 meters, and the maximum is 118. In winter the Strait is covered with ice.

          But the main obstacle is the high cost. Bridge Sakhalin – Hokkaido in 2013 was estimated at 400-500 billion rubles, and now, says Kalachev, probably half to two times more. Given that will need the construction of the transition Sakhalin – continent, the final project cost may be many times more. That is the sum of two bridges may require more than 1 trillion rubles, and a significant part will have to take Russia.

          And it is not clear how Russia will be able to take hundreds of billions of rubles into the construction of these bridges, even if the funding dispute with Japan in half. Russia now spends a lot on infrastructure in preparation for the world Cup and the construction of a bridge to Crimea. “In addition, in the “pod” combined Reserve Fund and national welfare Fund such facilities simply do not and will not in the coming years. All expenditure is already planned ahead,” says Anna Bodrova of Alpari.

          But most importantly,

          the interest in this project from Japan is not as obvious as on the part of Russia.

          Japan gets direct rail access to all the countries of Eurasia. It is expected that this route of delivery to Europe will be twice shorter, and the delivery time is reduced three times. So, by sea cargo is 21 thousand km in 40 days, and, for example, on the TRANS-Siberian via Vostochny port delivery period is shortened to 18 days.

          However, large loads and long distances more efficiently transported by sea. “Sea container holds 260 (smallest) to 18 thousand TEU (standard 20-foot containers). The world has built 4 vessels with a capacity of 21 000 TEU. And for the longest freight train you don’t immerse more than 140 of such containers. The train is faster, but the sea is bigger and cheaper per unit of product”, – says Alexey Kalachev. Rail freight transport and especially by road, can be more effective only at shorter distances.

          “The turnover of Japan and Sakhalin, of course, easier to provide direct rail links than the sea. However, it is unlikely that his volume is able to recoup such enormous costs, which are required for this project,” doubts Kalachev. To implement this idea Japan is not yet ripe, he concludes.

          “If you have money for such a bridge can be built, and it will stand as majestic as the bridge on island Russian, for example. But the demand for such infrastructure is very low, and the fee for the ambitions of Moscow can not afford” – I agree Bodrov.

          source

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