Japan noted North Korea’s direction to start raketonositelej Assad’s victory close as never before, the Ukrainian army has won a place in the ranking of the strongest primarily by the number of
A new ranking of the strongest armies in the world confirmed the obvious – the position of the leaders: the US, Russia and China. On the other hand, there are some surprises. In particular, military experts rather agree with the opinion of Petro Poroshenko about the Ukrainian army, but the Israeli armed forces received an unexpectedly low grade.
Specialized portal Globalfirepower has published a ranking of the strongest armies in the world for 2017. The first place it expected took the U.S. armed forces. In second place is Russia, and the third is the China. In total, the rating was represented 133 countries. In addition to the three leaders in the top ten strongest armies in the world are the armed forces of India, France, UK, Japan, Turkey, Germany and Egypt.
It is noteworthy that the army of Ukraine, the President Petro Poroshenko in 2016 called “the most Patriotic and powerful” on the continent, ranked in 30th place (though, again, we are talking about the global rankings, not European).
I must say, the testimony of Poroshenko from year to year has varied. A year before the passionate statements about the “most powerful army in Europe”, that is, in 2015, it is claimed that it is among the five strongest on the continent. But lately his grades have become more sober. In April this year he claimed that APU are in eighth place in Europe, and in July – already only included in the top ten. And that’s more like it.
Principles of selection
As pointed out by the authors themselves, this rating was compiled by military experts. The ranking takes into account not only the total number of weapons, but also its diversity, the number of staff of the armed forces and their reserve, the level of military spending, transportation infrastructure, oil production and other factors directly or indirectly affect the country’s defense. NATO countries received a bonus because of the “theoretical distribution of resources.”
Military expert Anton Lavrov said that “this is not a ranking of expectations or combat traditions.” “This is the ranking number of guns and tanks and planes. It is considered in many respects the number of personnel and number of equipment,” – he explained the newspaper VIEW.
In particular, it explained the fact that considered among the most capable in the world, the Israeli forces occupied only 15-e a place. “The Israeli army with all its efficiency is quite compact,” – said the source.
Although deep military-strategic implications of this rating should not do it, it has some common sense. At least the authors managed to conduct a comprehensive comparison of equipped with modern equipment and technology, staffing and the number of the armies of the world. In this context not be amiss to consider the allocation of seats in it.
Military expert Viktor murakhovski even more categorical in his view, the rating to the real rating of the combat power of the armed forces in General is irrelevant. “It’s like a beauty contest” – he explained the newspaper VIEW. The fact that the military itself assess the combat power of other criteria, said murakhovski.
According to him, there is a method of operatively-technical calculations, the ratio of military-technical level of weapons systems and a number of other parameters, many of which are closed, especially if we are talking about the strategic level. “It is difficult to estimate, not having any relation to these ratings, which are all sorts of sites and magazines are” – said the expert.
Mobilization of Kiev have not been wasted
If the overall situation of most countries in the rankings logically, the 30-th place in Ukraine is somewhat surprising – it is too high. If you look at the rankings just for European countries (excluding Russia), the APU are in ninth place, before Italy and after France, UK, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, Greece and Sweden. This is a very good result for a country whose air force and Navy, as armed forces in General, have serious problems. What caused this relatively high position?
“This is due to increased funding, increasing the size of the army and procurement of upgraded technology. The army there now is given much attention, military expenditures are reported to five percent of GDP,” – said Lavrov.
There is repair and modernization of equipment, the expert said. “Increased the number of aircraft supplied armored vehicles in the amount of hundreds of units – refurbished, not new,” he said. In the first place increased the number of personnel up to 250 thousand people, and was formed to 10 new brigades of ground troops.
Chief editor of the magazine “arms Export” Andrey Frolov notes that the cost of development, not the content of the Ukrainian army and the former regime in relative and absolute numbers were not very large – and remain so still.
According to him, when the military budget for 2018 is five percent of GDP, or 6.3 billion dollars, even if half of these funds to spend on development, for quite a numerous Ukrainian army such a sum does not allow to solve all the problems. According to his forecast, in the best case, the development of the army, new weapons Kiev will be able to spend in 2018 not more than a billion dollars.
“Despite the fact that five percent of GDP – a large burden on the budget, in reality it is very little money. At best they will be able to repair existing equipment, limited modernization,” – Frolov said the newspaper VIEW. According to him, the defence budget is “sit the costs of the ATO,” military pensions and other benefits, so the development of the army “remains not so much”.
“Without America “euronato” is not very significant military force”
Anton Lavrov is sure that at least the first places in the ranking are distributed justly. The US army, in his opinion, is unquestionably the most powerful in the world. “The fact that the Russian army is now second or third on the total combat power and effectiveness, even without taking into account the strategic forces, in principle, by anyone not in doubt,” he said. At the same time, the expert pointed out that it is not necessary to forget about the growing military power of China.
In addition to the three leaders, it is logical and the position of India, said Lavrov. “First, is the size of the armed forces. And, of course, a very large number of equipment they have. Secondly, it is actively developing army procurement of new weapons,” explained the source.
Interestingly, of the EU countries in the top ten, only France, Britain and Germany. According to Lavrov, the gap States of the European Union naturally. “All EU countries, and more specifically, NATO countries in Europe rely in their defence on a collective principle. Therefore, their national army was intensively reduced, and their combat power was diminished,” he said.
“For example, if to speak about France – they have about 300 tanks, from the UK – about the same amount. Of course, none of what the military dominance of individual countries in the EU now can not speak”,
the expert stressed. In addition, he pointed out that all European countries prefer to rely on the army of the United States, which have signed the relevant treaties.
“Without America, the European army is not too severe force,” – said Viktor murakhovski. “In the case of a large-scale war with Russia, they have always relied on the transfer of the main U.S. contingent from the continental US to Europe”, – he added.
True “Trappist” Makron
However, it seems that France intends to change this situation. Paris plans to increase spending on the armed forces by the year 2025 up to two percent of GDP, pointing to “unprecedented investment” (1.6 billion euros a year more than now) on rearmament and modernization of means of restraint, said on Thursday French President Emmanuel macron.
The intention of the Macron to increase military spending associated primarily with its desire to comply with the requirements of the US President, said murakhovski. “I can say that it is correct “trumpet”, – said the source.
At the same time, he also pointed out that there is another factor. “The French are known to conduct overseas operations, particularly in Africa,” – said the expert. Thus, according to him, recently in the French armed forces reduced the number of combat-ready tanks, aircraft and other equipment. “The military complain that they have not enough money to maintain combat readiness of the armed forces of France,” he explained.
Lavrov also confident that the plans of the French President to increase military spending due to the requirements of the United States. “Naturally, additional funds will be put exactly on buying new weapons and upgrading existing ones”, – says the source. He also believes that the example of France in fulfilling the requirements of trump followed by other EU member States. “A European army will be in the next 10 years to rearm,” said he.