Photo: Nikolay Gyngazov/Global Look Rgege next year minimum wage (the minimum wage) should be compared with the cost of living. The job has given Vladimir Putin. The state Duma has promised to enact as soon as possible. Thus, the minimum wage equal to the subsistence minimum for the first time, although it has declared in recent years. Will this help in the fight against poverty? Details…
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News of the HOUR:Turkey made the first payment for the s-400
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Irina Novikova doctor of history: the poles and the Russians are objectively affected by the collapse of the Union nanodelivery “non-citizens” Latvia will start with the children
Latvia finally decided on what her long years urged Moscow and international organization. Namely, to fundamentally change the approach to non-citizens, bearing in mind the rejection of this Institute in the near future. Nationalists, of course, against it, but now the citizens were indeed influential defenders.
Yesterday in the Riga castle, serving the Latvian President’s residence, there was a discussion on the legal and social aspects for the complete elimination of the country’s Institute of non-citizens. The event was held at the initiative of the President Raimonds Vejonis has repeatedly expressed a zero-tolerance “institutionalized divisiveness”. Until recently this was hard to imagine, but in modern Latvia the President acts as the locomotive of the movement for the rejection of discrimination against non-citizens.
It’s easy to be “Negro”?
In April of this year in Latvia has celebrated sad date – exactly twenty years since, as then-interior Minister Dainis turlais solemnly presented the first passport of the citizen national Margarita Runner. According to the Turlais, he is not proud of this role and this event:
“I would be very happy if I ten years ago had a chance to give the past a non-citizen passport, and then in our country was given only the civil passport. We have already overstayed. Maybe in 90-e years it was the best among other bad decisions. But the fact that we still retained the Institute of non-citizens, is a big political mistake and damage our country.”
In Latvia the status of non-citizens (in common parlance – “Negro”) is burdened by several tens of restrictions of rights – political, professional, economic, social. This category of the population came after the decision of the government of the newly independent States to recognize citizenship, only those who can prove a residence of their ancestors in Latvia before 1940 – before the “Soviet occupation”.
As a result, the country counted more than 700 thousand owners of violet passports “Negro”. For the next twenty years, the number of non-nationals has steadily decreased: some emigrated, others have adopted the rules of the game and began to take naturalisation exams. However, till now in Latvia there are more than 240 thousand persons without citizenship, and the naturalization rate has slowed dramatically.
In 2004 (that is, immediately after the country’s accession to the EU) naturalisation number of applications were record high (21 297). Ten years later there were only 1,147 requests for citizenship. Now he get about a thousand people annually. Last year, for example, the figure was 987.
Why don’t people in a hurry in the institution of the naturalization? Many feel resentment for the fact that they are living in the country since birth, are forced “to grovel” to get the fact that the neighbors received nothing. In the early 90’s “Negroes” were excluded from the privatization process of the former socialist property, adopted without their participation many important laws and that has not changed at all desire.
There are practical considerations. In 2007, for “blacks” was introduced visa-free regime with the EU, and in 2008 Russia. That is, they are in practice embodied the dream of a “United Europe from Ireland to Vladivostok”, which no other Europeans, nor the Russians. In the case of obtaining Latvian citizenship visa-free entry to Russia is lost.
Also last year, the newspaper “Latvian newspaper” published an article which indicated that the authorities secretly think through complex policy decisions related to the liquidation of the Institute of non-citizens. The rally was supposed to coincide with the centenary of the founding of the Republic of Latvia, which will be celebrated in 2018.
According to the newspaper, regarded as so-called zero option (citizenship for all), and less radical methods – the automatic granting of citizenship to those born in post-Soviet Latvia children of non-citizens and the right for “blacks” to vote in municipal elections (the “non-citizens” of Estonia have this right for a long time).
The news caused a stir in the ruling circles – the possibility of automatic naturalization “blacks” perceived hostility. In the end, if you throw in the political market of 150 thousand (excluding minors) “fresh” votes of former non-citizens, this may lead to a redistribution of power in the country.
For its part, the European Parliament Tatyana Zhdanok and Andrey Mamykin (Latvia), and Yana Toom from Estonia organized the collection of signatures under the petition to the leadership of the European Parliament with a request to alleviate the situation of non-citizens. And some Latvian MPs again proposed to alleviate the procedure for obtaining citizenship.
So, the Deputy from the party “Unity”, Hosam Abu Meri has stated that it would be right to automatically grant citizenship to people in age. And the Deputy from “the Consent” Arthur Rubiks said that Latvian citizenship you must give all non – citizens- even those who do not want it.
It was opposed by the Deputy from the National unit and concurrently Chairman of the relevant Committee of the Saeima citizenship, the creativity expert: “I see no reason to simplify this procedure. Perhaps, in some cases, the naturalization process could be more flexible, but in General he is quite simple”.
Worthy of the citizenship of the baby?
To honor her, the President Raimonds Vejonis did not wish to withdraw from the problems of non – citizens- and specifically said that he wasn’t even waiting. However, assessing the level of dissatisfaction in the Sejm, refused to “frontal attack” and decided to “workaround” is to introduce automatic naturalization for infants.
Raymond Vejonis. In modern Latvia, it is the President acts as the locomotive of the movement for the rejection of discrimination against non-citizens (photo: Evandro Inetti/Vaticanpool/Heari/Zuma/Global Look Press)
“I am confident that the time has come to finally put an end to grant the status of non-citizens children born in Latvia, he said. – Every inhabitant of Latvia should feel that they belong to it irrespective of nationality and religion”.
In this, the President enlisted the support of the state Ombudsman of Juris Jansons, who said the following: “the international Covenant on civil and political rights and the UN Convention on the rights of the child the UN recognize the right of every child to a nationality. Therefore, it is alarming the fact that in Latvia still continue to produce children with the status of non-citizen”.
“The President is challenging the country’s political elite. God forbid that he this time had the strength and patience”, – commented the newspaper VIEW Chairman of the party “Russian Union of Latvia” Miroslav Mitrofanov.
And the reasons to withdraw were indeed. The mood of the national-conservative part of society was expressed by influential Latvian journalist Elita veidemane. In an article for “the Independent morning newspaper” she spoke strongly against the proposals of the President. “A child is born as a baby, not as a citizen because the citizenship of the Republic of Latvia it is possible to register directly after birth with the consent of at least one parent. No problem! If the parents (non-citizens) do not want to include the child in the number of citizens of the Republic of Latvia, then perhaps they have a reason for this. Perhaps this is the true “love” to Latvia: why else would they not naturalized, although the possibility exists for more than twenty years?” perplexed veidemane.
In her opinion, the President wants to give citizenship to those who do not. “Looks cheap and disrespectful. And somehow ambiguous, there are claims statesmen that “for Latvia value every child.” Of course, valuable! Only it is not necessary for newborns to use in their political interests, it is not necessary to cut “question of citizenship” to their “Eastern” interests… Faster naturreservat impossible, because there is no certainty that citizenship always work honestly. We have enough cases where “citizen” not a word can not say in Latvian, not to mention the knowledge of history and respect for Latvia. Well, how these good people received citizenship? There’s only one explanation: they stole it! It is the number of “those people,” we want to increase? Hardly,” says the journalist.
“Good is so much action began”
Vejonis the arguments of the nationalists and conservatives are not impressed, and he deliberately organized a discussion on the issue of non-citizens at the presidential residence. The meeting was attended by the Ombudsman Juris Jansons, the parliamentary Secretary of the Ministry of internal Affairs Evika Silina, Director of the Center for research of public opinion SKDS Arnis kaktins, associate Professor of University College London Martins was Paparinskis and the political scientist Ivars Ijabs. According to Vejonis, this debate is important, primarily because will assist in the development and formulation of proposals to be submitted to Parliament, possibly as early as next week.
“A balanced decision in the government is important because all the children born in Latvia – they are ours: and born and those born. It’s time to put an end to the granting of the status of non-citizen, as we are a modern European state, ready for such challenges,” the President said, calling for drastic measures, otherwise “running in a circle never ends”.
“To be afraid of decisive steps are not necessary. We must be sure in his state, that our education system is willing and able to contribute to the education of every child a good citizen of Latvia. Let us have the will and capacity to do it,” he called.
In turn, the Ombudsman Juris Jansons reminded that even the term “alien” was once introduced as temporary, however, and was not replaced. This led to the fact that some non-citizens declare a subjective sense of discrimination. “Who is the alien? Who is it?” – rhetorically asked the Jansons. The human rights activist believes that the term should be abandoned, especially for non-citizens suffering and the image of the state. In other countries believe that Latvia is home to almost 300 thousand stateless persons who are not eligible for social security benefits, although the case for Latvian and Estonian “blacks” they are available.
As to the birth registration of stateless children, it is in principle unacceptable – the rights of the child on this account is enshrined in international and national legal acts.
The MEP from Latvia Andrew Mamykin, who did a lot to bring the issue to the international level, said the newspaper VIEW that he supports a presidential bid. “And it is time from words to deeds”, – said a member of the European Parliament.
According to Mamykina, the Ombudsman’s offer to abandon the term “alien” is also the sensible and legally correct thought. “Juris Jansons now announced the main conclusion of our hearings in two committees in June in the European Parliament: a person can be a citizen, or a stateless person. If he is a citizen, he is protected by the Constitution of the country gives full rights in their country. If he is a stateless person, his defending international conventions for States in the hierarchy of legislative acts according to the idea above of the national Constitution. And stateless persons of Latvia should be granted the same rights as the migrants and refugees in Germany: the right to vote in municipal elections and to the European Parliament and even powerful social allowance if their living standards are low and people live in poverty,” the MP recalled.
“In General, a good such a movement began in Latvia on the topic of non-citizens. In the political trend became fashionable to say, in fact, about the rights of non-citizens, and not Vice versa. Well, I think. We rocked the theme”, – the politician considers.
In turn, the Secretary of the Latvian Committee on human rights Alexander Kuzmin said the newspaper VIEW that the proposal to improve the law, at least for someone is at least better than nothing.
“Specifically to give the babies citizenship, without declarations, Latvia has called the following organizations – the parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (2006), UN Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism (2008), the UN high Commissioner for refugees (2010). It is also recommended to make the OSCE high Commissioner on national minorities (2011), the European Commission against racism and intolerance (2011), Office for democratic institutions and human rights OSCE (2011), the Council of Europe Commissioner for human rights, by the way, the ethnic Latvian Nils Muiznieks (2013, 2016), the UN Committee on the rights of the child (2016),” he listed the defender.
In General, even many nationalists in private conversations, albeit reluctantly, but recognize that rejection of the institution of non-citizens for Latvia is now only a matter of time.