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Monday, November 20, 2017

Not herself Duma


On 13 September the state Duma will gather for the first after the summer recess the plenary session, thus opening the autumn session of the new political season.


photo: Gennady Cherkasov

For months now politicians talk about coming in connection with the upcoming presidential elections “the period of political turbulence”. Our state machine like a plane cast from one air pocket to another, outside the window it’s pitch dark, the engine of the frightening howls, and the captain of the ship tightly locked himself in the cockpit and from time to time reports that “the situation is under control and going according to plan, fly a preset course”.

By what plan where we were going, when we get?

Deputies of the state Duma of the passengers of the business class. Watered with champagne and then you can stretch your legs, but the crash is not saved. Besides, very close to the cockpit, where from time to time heard muffled sounds of some trouble. And some neighbors in a luxury cabin stewards in plain clothes have changed belts on the cuffs…

In our political realities, the Parliament’s role is small but his work is intense nervousness at the top will inevitably impact.

Mikhail Vinogradov, head of the Foundation “St. Petersburg politics” in conversation with “MK” suggested that “individual MPs in such circumstances will try to prove themselves vivid initiatives, and not necessarily marginal,” and recalled that “in the Parliament sitting some of the potential presidential candidates”.

While the announced intention to participate in the March elections, only the leader of the LDPR, but it would be strange if their candidate is not nominated, for example, of the Communist party. “We can expect attempts of the parliamentary parties of the presidential campaign to impose its social, economic or foreign policy agenda”, believes the analyst, besides “after the election will shuffle the government, sometimes in the Executive to be recruited by individual deputies, as it was at the time, for example, Vladimir Medinsky, and willing to participate in this casting in the Duma probably will be.”

But political analyst Yevgeny Minchenko believes that the fall of “the parliamentary opposition parties will be forced to debate with the “United Russia” simply because ahead of the presidential election, they need to demonstrate to voters that they are different”.

Comments of the leadership of the liberal democratic party, the Communist party and “WED” after regional and municipal elections on 10 September showed that probably we are guaranteed only the resumption nabivshy nauseam eternal quarrels between the CPRF and the LDPR, and even the friendly front of all the parties in the Duma against the so-called non-system opposition, in which opposition to the system finally recognized worthy of attention and response competition.

In the approximate program of legislative work for the session of about 130 priority initiatives. Almost all of them government. Main document any fall, which involves all committees and factions, the budget for the next three years. The budget code requires the government to submit it to the state Duma no later than October 1, and Dmitry Medvedev has promised that it will happen on September 29.

In fact, the main financial plan of the country should be just a tool for the realization of economic, social, regional and cultural policy, but we are all different. With the definition of development directions clear enough, and the money that can and should be divided (or cut), and they’re there. “The main problem is that in the budget discussions we have discussed all problems which, strictly speaking, to the budget have nothing to do and would have to decide the sector legislation” — declared in conversation with “MK” head of the Duma Committee on budget and taxes Andrey Makarov (“ER”).

This budget will probably have to lay money on “gifts” that a major presidential candidate wants to make to voters and will, as three-quarters of the Duma in the face of the faction “United Russia” will only work on him.

Consideration of the budget for 2018-2020 is preceded by the approval of the report on the execution of the state budget and budgets of the Pension Fund, obligatory medical insurance Fund and social insurance Fund last year. For the first time when discussing the results of budget execution of extra-budgetary funds in the plenary hall right performances can get to the chamber. The law expands the list of public authority on parliamentary control, will be in this session, but nothing prevents the Duma rostrum to give Tatyana Golikova its decision now.

A significant part of the parliamentary time it will take topics that were inherited from the spring session. September 12 the state Duma again came to picket the animal, requiring the immediate adoption of the law “About responsible treatment of animals” — Duma failed to adopt it in the second, final reading before the summer recess. Together with the people in the building at Okhotny Ryad bear watch dog… “it Is hoped that all the critical questions will find a final decision and the document will be considered this session,” gently said the first Vice-speaker of the state Duma Ivan Melnikov (CPRF). But only hope: to the Committee on ecology and environmental protection “MK” reported that the government has not found solution to the problem of registration of animals, without which the bill cannot be implemented.

The new Customs code. A bill giving small businesses the right to compensation of the contribution in the amount of 1.4 million rubles in case of revocation of license of the Bank. Lying in 2012 in the Duma the bill “About Amateur fishery”. The finalization of the package of bills allowing airlines to include in the “black lists” of rowdy. Recently introduced government initiatives on the protection of rights of bona fide purchasers of housing, and the prohibition on the territory of Russia turnover of powdered alcohol. The tightening of administrative responsibility for failure to provide benefits to the pedestrian on the Zebra. Changes in tax laws…

These are just some of the topics presented in the indicative programme. All its bills in the process, there will inevitably be further evaluated by the Kremlin from the point of view of electoral effect. Something that can be shelved until “after the election”, and something unknown to occur suddenly and to green street.

In the first year of its work, elected in September 2016 Deputy corps with the blessing of the speaker Vyacheslav Volodin was actively introduced changes to Duma regulations: 21 was adopted a resolution on clarification of the procedure for adoption of laws, new requirements, new deputies and their rights, whereas from 1998 to June 2016 MPs, only 17 times have changed the routine of their work. Judging by some signs, the correction of the order will continue.

And at the first meeting of the Duma Council decided to reallocate the powers between the Duma committees. The reason — “emergency workload of the Committee on state construction and legislation,” said the “MK” head Pavel Krasheninnikov (United Russia). The portfolio of this Committee is now 443 of the bill (just under consideration in the Duma is 1520). Is no longer anybody. And here questions of citizenship and migration now will the Committee on development of civil society, public and religious associations, the election of Duma deputies and their status — the Committee on rules and organization of work of the Duma, the Executive production Committee for security and combating corruption, and questions of custody and guardianship is given to the Committee on family, women and children.

The latter committees will have a powerful reinforcement: in a purely female team to that will join Deputy speaker Sergei Neverov (United Russia). Apparently, the “party of power” has adopted the Soviet experience: as you know, the Communist party has always tried to dilute gender homogeneous authorities…

Well, the state Duma of the seventh convocation started its second year of operation. Our plane is still flying. Motor somehow works. The cabin, spit on the requirement to fasten their seat belt and not interfere with the crew wanders the Deputy Poklonskaya, and no one dares to make a remark to her.

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