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Friday, February 23, 2018

Russia sent to the UN a draft resolution on the peacekeepers: the Donbass waiting for

Russia sent to the UN Security Council a draft resolution on the peacekeepers on the contact line in the Donbass. New permanent representative of the Russian Federation to the UN Nabeshin reported that the draft sent to the head of the organization Guterres and its security Council — ‘alema. Negotiations on the resolution will take place next week. We discussed with experts the prospects of realization of the Russian plan.

photo: AP

We will remind, earlier today the President of Russia Vladimir Putin in China, instructed the Minister of foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov to discuss UN security Council the issue of deploying peacekeepers in the Donbas. The “blue helmets” must appear only on the line of contact and only for the protection of OSCE observers, said the head of state, and the pre-parties to the conflict should separate their weapons. However, besides the UN have to accept another party to the conflict. Is it possible, “MK” has found out from the experts.

The head of DNR Alexander Zakharchenko supported the proposal of the Russian leader part of the mandate of the peacekeeping force and the conditions of its placement, however, said that this topic should even be discussed. He stressed that the OSCE representatives have long complained about the level of their security, while refusing to arm themselves or take the help of the militias. In turn, the representative LNR at the talks in Minsk Rodion Miroshnik doubts in the implementation of the project of the peacekeeping mission, as Kiev for a year and could not withdraw its forces from the village of Lugansk.

The Ukrainian side immediately announced their opposition to the plan of the Kremlin. First, the foreign Ministry said that the opinion of the DPR and LPR on the peacekeepers do not should anyone be interested, as they are in everything and are entirely dependent on Russia. Secondly, the first Vice-speaker of the Verkhovna Rada Iryna Gerashchenko said that the “blue helmets” should not stand on the frontline with the breakaway republics and on the Russian-Ukrainian border and the rest is not controlled by the Kiev area.

That is the mandate of the peacekeeping mission is not the first insists the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko. In August of this year, he discussed this project with the U.S. Secretary of defense James Mattis, and now wants to submit it for discussion to the UN General Assembly.

However, in most organizations claim that it is not preparing to send troops to the Donbas, and it’s clear why: the mandate approved in the security Council, where Russia can always impose its veto. However, to send people to the Donbass will not work, and in the case that this will act against Kiev.

What is behind the Russian-Ukrainian conflict around the peacekeeping mission, “MK” told the experts.

Mikhail Pogrebinsky, Director of Kiev center of political researches and conflictology: “the Desire of the Kremlin and Kiev on the deployment of peacekeepers in the Donbass are not the same, so everything will depend on US. If the Ukrainian authorities continue to stick to their guns regarding the deployment of “blue helmets” on the Russian border, nothing happens.

Also in the mouth of Putin somehow vaguely made a statement that Kiev should conduct direct negotiations with DND and LNR. If we were talking about the fact that such negotiations should take place at all, they are so conducted. Apparently, we are talking about a qualitatively new level, without people like Kuchma, who don’t make any decisions”

Denis Denisov, Director of the Institute for peace initiatives and conflict: “the Difference between the proposals Putin and Poroshenko obvious. In the first case, we will soon see an official document with clearly defined functions of the peacekeepers, and in the second we have only the General words. The move to recall three of the Ukrainian variant of the peacekeeping mission in the Donbas: a service of the OSCE, which refuses the organization itself, the use of UN peacekeepers and mission of the security of the European Union, which in history has never been.

Of course, without the consent of Kiev no peacekeepers in the Donbass will not appear. But it’s not in diplomacy, but the fact that he is unable to perform its obligations under the breeding of weapons on the frontline. Without securing a lasting truce arrived in the conflict zone, the peacekeepers will turn into a living target.

The world community has enough leverage to implement these preconditions. After all, nothing prevents, along with the decision about the peacekeepers to tighten the regulatory system of demilitarization of Donbass. Another thing that is important here is the applied aspect of the discussion on this issue. This process should include all who in any way comes into contact with the subject of the conflict in the East of Ukraine, DND and LNR to EU countries. You need to understand the details”

– The deployment of peacekeepers on the contact line, and not on the Russian-Ukrainian border, will not lead to further separation of the DNI and LC of Kiev?

Denis Denisov: “the Trouble is that Kiev, speaking about the importance of their sovereignty, not taking any action. If he had real interest in doing so, would long ago have begun direct talks with representatives of DNR and LC, but instead, he pretends they don’t exist.

In the current situation we have to decide what’s more important: human life or the integrity of Ukraine. The placement of peacekeeping missions on the frontline can stop killing people. Yes, it could contribute to further divergence of Donetsk, Lugansk and Kiev in different directions, but what is the alternative?”

Mikhail Pogrebinsky: “I think that here everything will depend on how seriously the Ukrainian authorities will be configured to carry out the reintegration of Donbass, how much this will interest foreign players. For example, the U.S. special representative on Ukraine Kurt Volker said that he had faced just such a task, and he believes that it may be performed by providing the region a special status. Of course, this scenario looks unlikely today, but I wouldn’t entirely to exclude it, because at least in the interest of all parties, and they all say that the alternative to the Minsk agreements no.”

Read the story “Putin has played for broke with peacekeepers in Donbass”

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