In Germany, on 24 September there will be parliamentary elections and in the election campaign, representatives of political parties and movements, debating on a variety of topics. There is a place in the speeches of political leaders and our country and the problem of Crimea. In particular, the candidate for Chancellor of Germany Martin Schulz called the annexation of Crimea to Russia “fait accompli,” noting that forcibly take away the Peninsula is unlikely. This statement by the leader of the Social democratic party of Germany (SPD) made last week in an interview with the newspaper Bild. “MK” recalls how earlier in this theme expressed by other German politicians.
The former head of the European Parliament, and from January 2017 one of the main candidates for the post of Prime Minister Schultz has always been a supporter of anti-Russian sanctions. However, a month before the election, a convinced European and the head of one of the largest parties of Germany, it seems, decided to “loosen the grip”. He pointed out that “the reunification of the Crimea with Russia can be considered a fait accompli”, which Russian side “will insist”.
Schultz has not renounced his words that reunion was a serious violation of international law. However, according to the politician, Berlin should establish contacts with Moscow: “We must make proposals, but they will have meaning only when Russia will be ready to go on them”, – said the leader of the social Democrats.
On the question, what Schultz sees Vladimir Putin: the main opponent or a partner for cooperation, the leader of the SPD did not give a definite answer. According to him, the main problem is “lack of consistency” in foreign policy of Russia, which Schultz described as “very aggressive”: “When Russia is profitable, we are partners. If there is no benefit, we are opposed”.
Schultz was not the first German politician who wanted to stop debate on the status of Crimea. His position on this issue in early June, expressed the radical party “Alternative for Germany” (ADH). She always advocated the abolition of anti-Russian sanctions, and differed from other political forces. On June 18 in the Die Welt newspaper published a conversation with the Deputy Chairman of the party Alexander Gulandom. He said Crimea is “native Russian territory”. “We Germans have always been good when we have supported good relations with Russia”, – said Gowland.
August 9, followed by a statement by leader of the liberal Free democratic party (FDP) Christian Lindner. Like Schultz, he said that the annexation of Crimea a violation of international law. However, Lindner urged to treat this matter as a “long-term temporary condition.”
For the policy of détente in relations with Russia recently made the opposition Left party. 2 August the US Congress passed a bill providing for the toughening of the American sanctions against Russia, Iran and North Korea. I suffered from this and a European company participating in a joint venture with Russian energy projects. Co-Chairman of the faction of the Left party in the Bundestag Sarah wagenknecht said that Washington was “unceremoniously puts the center of the foreign policy of their own economic interests.” That is why in relations with Moscow it is necessary “to return to the traditional policy of détente”.
What in this matter the position of the Bavarian Christian social Union (CSU), the current parliamentary Union with the CDU, is unclear. On the need of resumption of dialogue between Berlin and Moscow has repeatedly said the head of the CSU, Horst Seehofer, in March of this year caused the visit of Vladimir Putin.
The position of the current Chancellor of Germany and head of the ruling conservative party CDU of Angela Merkel in the Crimean issue has not changed. Deputy spokesman of the government of Germany Ulrike Demmer said: the Russian “annexation” of Crimea is considered as a violation of international law, calling into question the European peace order. However, in June the representative of the CDU/CSU foreign policy jürgen Hardt said: “We stand for partnership cooperation” with Russia. Moscow can restore “lost confidence” if it recognizes “the supremacy of international law and inviolability of borders of sovereign States”.
We can say that all key parties have recognised the need to improve relations with Russia. The position of the German politicians differ only in what manner this convergence should occur.