Scientists from the University of California at Davis found that Quaternary ammonium compounds, which possess disinfectant properties that slow down the mitochondria responsible for energy production in cells. The study was published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.
The Quaternary ammonium compounds used in the manufacture of toothpastes, means for mouthwash, eye drops, shampoos, lotions, and other household chemicals. This substance was widely used as an antiseptic since the 1940s, and pushed out of the market is another antifungal and antibacterial compound, triclosan.
According to the authors, the effect of Quaternary ammonium compounds is of concern because of the impact of other substances on the mitochondria, for example, the pesticide rotenone, increases the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease. It is possible, they believe that the chemical substance can have a negative impact on the human body.
It was also noted that under the same concentration of Quaternary ammonium in the cells was slowed down not only mitochondrial function but also the activation of the hormone estrogen, responsible for the reproductive function of women.
Previously, scientists found that this substance affects the reproductive function of mice, and also found the connection between the Quaternary ammonium and malformations of the nervous system of rodents.