The Juno spacecraft, or “Juno”, located on the orbit of Jupiter, sent to Earth the most detailed and high quality photos of the Great red spot of Jupiter that exist today. A few edited pictures were published on the website dedicated to the research mission.
The great red spot, open for three and a half centuries ago and studied in detail with respect to 1879, is the largest atmospheric vortex in the Solar system. This giant hurricane, the size of which ranges from 24 to 40 thousand kilometers in length and from 12 to 14 thousand kilometers in width. About a hundred years ago, he was even bigger and much brighter, however, the largest known vortex, he remains still. The wind speed inside it exceeds 500 kilometers per hour. For a long time astronomers assumed that the spot is a solid object, however, the probes allowed to determine that in fact it is the circulation of hot gases in a counterclockwise direction. This is not the only but attracts the greatest attention of scientists and Amateur astronomers a storm on the largest planet in the Solar system.
Images were obtained with camera Juno 10 July 2017, when he flew over the Great red spot. The distance between the probe and the atmospheric vortex at this time ranged from ten to fourteen thousand kilometers.
“Juno” was the first in more than a decade of spacecraft designed to study Jupiter from its orbit. The research station was launched on 5 August 2011 and spent the journey to the largest planet in the Solar system nearly five years. In June, the mathematician Harald, Eichstedt and Director Sean Doran created on the basis of two thousand images from the probe, a video dedicated to the convergence of the probe to Jupiter, on which, in particular, to see giant storms in the atmosphere of this planet. It is planned that February 2018 artificial satellite of the gas giant will complete its work and burn up in its atmosphere.