Generosity, magnanimity and charitable behavior give people a feeling of happiness on the level of the Central nervous system. To such conclusion experts from the American northwestern University, the German University of Lubeck and the Swiss University of Zurich according to the results of a recent study.
That voluntary of generosity can lift the mood of the person, has long been known, but experts decided to find out what exactly are the neurobiological mechanisms behind this. Scientists invited to participate in the experiment, volunteers and divided them into two groups. Each of the participants were asked to imagine that they are awarded a certain amount of money to spend offered for four weeks. The people in the first group had to promise that the money will be spent on others, while those who fall into the second group, had to spend them on. Real money participants were not issued, however, they had to determine how they would spend if they had the opportunity.
After examining the brain activity of participants with functional magnetic resonance imaging, the experts found that participants who took the decision to spend the money on someone else, was activated region of the brain called the temporo-parietal junction. In parallel, there were also such departments as the orbitofrontal cortex and the ventral striatum, which is a components of the remuneration system. In this case, what is the amount participants “spent” on the other, the intensity of the reaction, but to the scientists, not dependent.
The study was published in the journal Nature Communications.
Experts note that many conventional economic theories cannot fully explain the nature of generosity and unselfishness — like traits require spending resources on goals that bring no obvious benefits to man. However, communities from the existence of generosity as a phenomenon, most often wins, experts say.