Saudi Arabia’s king Salman bin Abdulaziz was declared the heir to the throne of his son, 31-year-old Prince Mohammed bin Salman. Held still the place of the crown Prince of his middle-aged nephew, the monarch dismissed. These “personnel” decisions have caused considerable resonance not only in the Kingdom but throughout the middle East and beyond.
Mohammed bin Salman.
the king has commanded all the senior members of the ruling family to bring Wednesday night in the sacred Moslem city of Mecca the oath of allegiance to newly appointed Kronprinz.
Although many media reports of the Royal decree about the new heir is called the unexpected, the real surprise, he did not. Experts, has been considered as a figure of MBS that succeed to the throne, the 81-year-old current monarch. Against the background of previous 57-year-old crown Prince Mohammed bin Nayef, the new heir to the Saudi throne looks like a real Prince: he is young, handsome, full of energy.
According to The Washington Post, a surprise announcement about the reshuffle in the ruling elite of Saudi Arabia occurred at a critical moment for the Kingdom, which is experiencing difficult times in the economy in connection with the fall in world oil prices, and a costly military campaign, which is Arab Sunni monarchies under the leadership of Riyadh in Yemen against the Pro-Iranian Houthi rebels continued. One should not lose sight of the recently announced by the Saudis and their allies the diplomatic war to neighboring Qatar.
Before the king in January 2015 was Salman bin Abdulaziz, the country’s inhabitants knew little about the young Prince. But delayed Wednesday Mohammed bin Nayef was well known, enjoyed favor in Washington, where he was commended for leadership in the Kingdom carried out operations against “al-Qaeda” (banned in Russia and other countries as a terrorist organization). In the Western media pushed aside the Prince was even called the “king of counter-terrorism”. However, many believed that he is increasingly losing its political weight.
But the political ground has had time to build up the young Prince. It MBS, as head of the military Department (referred to as the youngest in the world the Minister of defence), headed by Saudi intervention in neighbouring Yemen. But as the head of the economic Council, he deals with issues of restructuring energy policy in the direction of creating a future economy that can be self-sufficient and after exhaustion of all oil reserves. Supporters of IBS rests on his energy and drive forward. Critics point to his inexperience and lust for power. Someone describes him as a dangerous and reckless political player, destabilizing the situation in the region’s proxy wars in Syria and Yemen.
Managed to win the popularity of MBS and in the international arena. So, at the time, he together with his father participated in the meeting with Barack Obama, and recently with Donald trump. At the end of may Mohammed bin Salman as defense Minister visited Moscow and met with Russian President. President Putin met with the Saudi Prince before (for example, in September of last year on the sidelines of the summit of “big twenty”.
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