From 1 October 2017 the government will acquire the right without a court decision to block access to “mirrors” previously blocked sites with pirated content. The state Duma adopted the bill on this second, final reading. The government believe that the new prohibitions will be able to get around only technically advanced users, and they are the minority.
In the first reading (it was held in March 2017), the government initiative has received the unanimous approval of deputies. Zam. Minister of communications and mass communications Alexei Volin said then, adopted a few years ago, the measures allowed by court forever block pirate sites first with movies, then books and music, “yielded the results”: in 2016, the sales video on the Internet increased by 20 percent of music sales by 12 percent, and books — by 43 percent. According to the Russian Association for electronic communications, in 2016, more than 20 million Russians, or about 25% of all users bought a legal product. And about the same downloaded illegally.
To promptly block “sites-Gemini”, the so-called “mirror”, which automatically carry illegal content hosts blocked by the decision of the court sites that the authorities do not have the right. If each “mirror” block as a brand new pirate website, the court decision will take about two and a half weeks. During this time, the film, just released, will lose the lion’s share of potential profits. The total damage from the pirates in the movie, according to estimates of the industry, said Mr. Wolin, is about 5 billion rubles a year is more than the government spends to support cinema, and about the same as it now selling legal content.
The second reading of the draft law was significantly reworked . As a result, the blocking mechanism “mirrors” has been simplified — it excludes the necessity of a court order, the Moscow city court. “We expect that the procedure will take a maximum of three days” — said “MK”, Mr. Levin.
After the law came into force, the placing on the Internet site, similar to the point of confusion with the site, access to which is restricted by decision of the Moscow city court (the sites proposed to continue to call copies of blocked sites) is prohibited. If any Federal Agency or copyright owner will find “mirror” and notify the Ministry of communications, a special Commission of the Ministry during the day should make the decision that it is really a copy of the blocked site, and to notify the Roskomnadzor. Roskomnadzor again during the day — will determine who posted “mirror”, and notify the owner in Russian and English about outstanding issues. The same notification will receive and the operator, together with the requirement about restriction of access to a copy of the blocked website. Simultaneously, similar information is sent to the operator and search engines: the fact that we now for the first time, the bill imposes on the search engines responsibility to remove links to blocked sites and copies of them.
To meet the requirements of operators, service providers and search engines too given day. To see the list of blocked pirate sites and their “mirrors” will be on the website of Roskomnadzor.
Different technical ways to circumvent the blocking is not going anywhere, but they require additional qualifications or additional effort, specific technical knowledge, considers g‑n Volin. According to him, another reason for the fact that encrypted traffic is not such a big number of people is “a certain braking due to anonymizers”.
The law on blocking the pirate “mirrors” will come into force from 1 October 2017.