“Is Russia ready to live for decades under the sanctions of the West?” — asked the President one of the participants in a straight line. In his response, Vladimir Putin described this situation as very traditional for our country, which even in pre-revolutionary time, been the object of sanctions by some Western neighbors. “MK” tried to figure out what kind of specific episodes of Imperial times could mean Mr President.
Fragment, A. D. Litovchenko “Ivan the terrible shows his treasures to the English Ambassador Horsey”.
Any hints on specific episodes from the foreign economic history of Russia the guarantor has not given. However, the confirmation of this thesis can be found even in the Chronicles of the XVI century.
On the facts of application of sanctions to the Russian state during the reign of Ivan the terrible mentions the famous historian N. M.Karamzin. It turns out that overseas traders have repeatedly complained to the Moscow Tsar that “the government of Riga, Revel, Dorpat prohibits its merchants to bring us the metals, weapons, armor, and wants the Germans bought our fat and wax in Livonia”.
Ivan then tried to rectify the situation. In response to Western embargoes terrible, as stated in the Nikon chronicle, “polarity commanded commandment in Novgorod and Pskov and in Ivangorod, so no one in the Germans didn’t go with any item, and will arrive the Germans in the king and Grand Duke of the fiefdom and they told the Emperor in his land of torgovali, except for the protected goods…” To facilitate such trade Tsarev decree was founded the new port at the mouth of the Narva river. However, this trade-transit point remained unclaimed: Livonia almost force the missed European merchants in the new Russian port, forcing continue to sell only through the Baltic ports.
Another example of the EU sanctions also apply to the time of Ivan IV. In the middle of the sixteenth century the authorities of Western European countries have banned to travel to Russia highly skilled physicians, specialists in the field of metallurgy and Metalworking, mining, construction, jewellery, arms… When a certain German Hans Slitte still tried to organize a “transfer” of more than hundreds of them recruited specialists in Russia, he was arrested in lübeck. Of the masters unfolded back home, and some were arrested and locked in prison cells. But one such specialist, who was detained at the border, and it was on the chopping block. However, to get Western artists to the Russian Tsar still managed. These people seeped into promising them the rich work Russia in a roundabout way, via third countries.
Another bright example of sanctions refers to the times of a century ago. In the late XIX — early XX century “friendly” Germany regularly have placed bans on various types of goods imported from Russia, mainly food. The pretext to such restrictions indicated “compliance with sanitary norms”. “Modern veterinary sanitary conditions in Russia in General disadvantaged, the existing veterinary control is insufficient, the registration system for cattle diseases is unsatisfactory,” claimed the German court. As a result, our Western neighbor in 1904 completely banned exports of beef and for pork were established very modest quota: 2500 carcases a week. Needless to say that the real reason for this taboo was the concern of the German government on the development of domestic cattle breeding.
See photo essay on the topic:
“The time machine”: four hours Putin answered questions of Russians