One day, American President Franklin Delano Roosevelt said, as he, the head of the democratic States can support Latin American dictators? This was the answer: “Because they are our sons of bitches”. One of these “sons of bitches” was the Panamanian dictator Manuel Antonio Noriega. Monday, may 29, Noriega is dead. In this regard, the current Panamanian President Juan Carlos Varela said: “the Death of Manuel Noriega closes the Chapter of our history. His daughter and family deserve to bury him in peace.” Short and unclear. The accents are not the same.
Noriega died later that evening at 11 o’clock in the hospital Santo tomás in Panama city. On March 7 he was under house arrest, preparing for surgery. He removed a benign tumor in the brain. According to Noriega’s daughters, their father started bleeding.
Ulysses Noriega is the seizure of power, deals with drug traffickers, a lot of kinds of diseases and, of course, stay in the service of American intelligence services.
Noriega became the de facto dictator after in 1983, he declared himself full General and took over the leadership of the National guard of Panama.
Noriega’s life is the life of the servant of two masters. On the one hand, he was a servant of the American intelligence and anti-drug centers. But, on the other hand, he sold American secrets to the enemies of the United States in the Western hemisphere and warned the drug cartels, when they were threatened by any danger. The Board Noriega would have concentrated in itself all the contradictory horrors that brought the construction of the Panama canal in the first half of the twentieth century (the United States continued to use the channel and the territory on its shores nearly eight decades until they finally returned the Panama canal in December 1999).
The book, published in 1990, under the heading “Years of tyrants”, the authors Richard Koster and Guillermo Sanchez Borbon write about the dual nature of Noriega. For example, he passed the secrets of the revolutionary Cuban government to the United States. However, at the same time, Noriega was sold to Fidel Castro thousands of Panamanian passports price of $5000 each. These passports were used by Cuban secret agents. During his double game in politics Noriega earned about $800 million, “He wanted power and became a tyrant. He longed for wealth and became a criminal”, — wrote in his book, Koster and Sanchez.
Noriega was pronounced a rousing nationalist speech, brandishing over his head a machete. And at the same time, he lived on the income from drug trafficking in the magnificent palaces where partying with cocaine and proudly showed his collection of antique weapons. It was a man with a twisted character. For example, he wore Teddy bears in the shape of their paratroopers.
The American government, of course, knew who Noriega. But the White house found it very useful in Panama at the moment in other Latin American countries have undergone revolution is clearly leftist plan.
Years passed and Noriega became more and more unmanageable. In 1989, as the saying goes, American patience came to an end, the more that came the period of the transfer of the Panama canal Panama.
Growing internal opposition to the regime of Noriega. In 1985 he was arrested liberal leader, doctor Hugo Spadafora. He was tortured and finally executed. A perennial critic of the regime of Noriega, Dr. Spadafora had put Panamanian dictator on the level of leaders of the Colombian drug cartel.
Trying to suppress the internal resistance of his political opponents, Noriega has created a special unit, which is dubbed “the Dobermans”. His “Dobermans” he incited the demonstrators.
In 1986 the United States Senate adopted a resolution which called on Panama to overthrow the rule of Noriega and the charges against him of corruption, forgery of results of elections, the killings and drug trafficking.
The following year, Congress stopped military and economic assistance to Panama. The government had to resort to default. The economy shrank to 20%. In 1988, Florida passed judgment on Noriega, of course, correspondence.
Noriega was accused of that when it Panama has become a platform for South American cocaine cartel. Almost all the products of the drug trade went to the United States and received millions of dollars hiding from the eyes of justice in Panamanian banks. Noriega responded to the American court. He began to organize demonstrations against the United States. Swinging a machete, he yelled: “not one step back!” This slogan began to appear on the walls of the Panamanian cities. In 1988, Noriega annulled the results of the Panamanian presidential elections, trying to provoke antipinskiy shares of the United States. The same thing happened in 1989, when Noriega declared himself “Supreme leader.” And the national Assembly declared war on the United States.
16 Dec 1989 Panamanian forces killed unarmed American soldiers in Panama city, wounded another and arrested the third.
“How much can you tolerate?” — President George Bush announced the invasion of Panama. About 30 thousand American soldiers invaded Panama. In a statement the White house in connection with the occupation of Panama stated that the invasion “was taken to protect American lives, restore the democratic process and to preserve the integrity of the Panama canal”. Political commentators of those times, wrote that the invasion Bush wanted to neutralize the then assumptions about its weakness. As have shown polls, the percentage of Americans who supported Bush grew after the invasion of Panama.
Of course, the Panamanian troops quickly defeated. Noriega himself evaded arrest and hid in the Vatican Embassy in Panama city. The invasion cost America the death of 23 soldiers, 300 soldiers were wounded. The losses among the Panamanians were not reported. Although according to the organizations of the civil rights, it was stated that the Panama troops lost several hundred soldiers.
American units surrounded the Vatican Embassy. The conflict started. Americans are constantly “bombed” representation of the various hits heavy metal rock. Finally, on 3 January 1990, Noriega agreed to surrender to U.S. forces. He was sent to prison in Florida.
…Manuel Antonio Noriega was born in Panama city, 11 February 1934. Although it was pointed out and the other years of his birth, for example, is 1936. Other documents indicate 1938. Father Noriega was an accountant. His mother was a cook and laundress. As they left the light on nobody knows. Noriega said he was raised by his godmother. He attended the national Institute of Panama. Once, when pupils wrote about their prospects for the future, Noriega wrote that he wants to be a psychiatrist and the President of Panama.
When the plans of admission to medical Institute was failed, there was only one thing — to achieve the highest authority in Panama. Government connections helped Noriega to graduate from the military Academy in Peru. Returning home, he quickly began to move in the hierarchy of the National guard.
In the late 1960-ies he was noticed and blessed by the then dictator of Panama, General Omar Torrijos. Noriega became a close aide of the General. Under the auspices of the Torrijos-Noriega committed the persecution of political opponents and at the same time, more and more closely meshed with American intelligence.
After General Torrijos died in a plane crash in 1981, Noriega seized power over the National guard. He became, as they say, a strong man in the country. Strengthening his dictatorial state, it was created from various National guard units in the defense forces of Panama.
In that period, he earned a nickname “Strong man”. However, bad language Panamanians called him “Pineapple face” (his face was covered with pock marks).
Increasing his dictatorial power, Noriega had rigged the elections the elections, giving passage to the Parliament its candidates. At the same time strengthened its ties with drug traffickers.
But this does not mean that he stopped their hanky-panky in the United States.
Splicing mode Noriega with drug traffickers began to disturb American agents who fought against drug trafficking. Noriega struck up a relationship with an employee of the White house by Colonel Oliver North. It was during the famous scandal of Iran-contra. In September 1986, Noriega and North met in London. Let me remind readers that the North was a Central player in the “idea” of the Reagan administration. In order to undermine the power of the leftist Sandinistas in Nicaragua, the United States began to secretly sell weapons to Iran and the money went to Finance right-wing Nicaraguan contra rebels.
Noriega suggested the White house that it will destroy the Nicaraguan leaders, if Colonel North will help him to restore his image in Washington. A plan to kill Sandinistas were approved, but not enforced. And about the rehabilitation of the image of Noriega, of course, it was impossible even to dream. The more that the American invasion of Panama was about to begin.
After Noriega was arrested and sent to Florida, where he was put behind bars, he became prisoner No. 41586. In order to dismantle the image of Noriega, waving a machete, media started to show him in a vest, holding a placard on which was written: “the U.S. Marshal, Miami, Florida”. This meant that a Federal prisoner No. 41586 could not count on a legendary future.
In April 1992, Noriega was tried again and gave him 40 years in prison. Noriega swaggered. He believed that the court and the sentence is a farce.
Merciful, the American Themis has reduced the length of stay of Noriega for ten years. Then he was declared a prisoner of war, which allowed him to use the telephone and additional hours for meetings with their relatives. He even began to receive a small salary and some other “puddings and pies”.
Noriega was in U.S. custody when Panama tried him for the execution of soldiers during the coup of 1989. In July 1990, France has also “encroached” on Noriega and his wife. They were accused of that put $3 million of drug money in banks. However, the lawyers of the ex-dictator claimed that it was a charge that Noriega received regularly from the CIA. However, a French court sentenced Panama to 10 years imprisonment.
The United States had intended to release Noriega in September 2007 after his sentence was reduced by half in connection with his “good behavior in prison.” In December 2011, Noriega was sent, or rather, kicked back in Panama, where he was to serve 20 years in prison for the unlawful elimination of their political opponents in the 1980s. While in prison, Noriega wrote the book “the American prisoner: the memoirs of Manuel Noriega”. In his book, he rails against America. He writes that “nobody can escape the judgment of history. I want to be judged in correlation with the level of betrayal and disgrace my enemies.” But in June of 2015 in an interview with the Panamanian television of the prison in which he was imprisoned Noriega took a more conciliatory position. He said, “I want to close the cycle of the war era as the head of the time… And beg for forgiveness.”
Hard to say, would forgive him or not the Panamanian authorities. But history will never forgive.