The fight against anonymity on the Internet and messengers entering a crucial stage. Several bills on this subject will pass through the state Duma Committee on information policy, information technologies and communications in the very near future. More recently, a legislative initiative forbidding to hide behind nicknames, seemed to be just PR moves scandalous deputies without the prospect of adoption, and without consequences for society. But after the President of Russia signed the “Strategy of information society development till 2030”, which explicitly States: “to Eliminate anonymity, irresponsibility of users and impunity”, it becomes clear that these laws will be passed. The only question in the softness or stiffness of the wording, which will be specified.
Let’s start with the law that was brought by the Deputy from “United Russia” Vitaly Milonow. It says that registration in social networks must be carried out only on the passport. Therefore, those who have not reached 14 years of age and has no passport, lose the right to “Vkontakte” and other resources. But technically, it is unclear as to remove from the nets of those children who are already registered? And who will check the authenticity of passport data at check-in? The state FMS will have to inflate repeatedly.
Another law was made by a group of deputies under the leadership of a member of the Communist party Alexander Yushchenko — about the ban on anonymity of the messenger. The explanatory Memorandum States that they are 80 million Russians. The law does not require registration on the passport, but forbids to register using anonymous SIM cards, or for, example, from an Internet café. How to implement this ban and what to do with those who were registered prior to the law? After all, the law seems to have retrospective effect should not…
— I would not put laws Milanova and Yushchenko on the same level, — said the Deputy. — The law on registration in social networks on the passport, we will consider at the next meeting of the Committee and voiced their recommendations at once, and about the messengers will give its decision later, when we will hold a round table will hear from the experts, operators, industry representatives.
About the law Milonov I already said that I find it impossible. Its implementation will require huge financial costs, and the effect is not guaranteed, as the Network is cross-border. As for the protection of children from inappropriate content on the Internet, then such a law is already there. And why produce new laws when you can enforce those that are already taken?
— Question by law, Yushchenko about the instant messengers: how to calculate and “call to order” who was anonymously, after all, it is the anonymity?
— The public discussion with experts, to understand how it will look. But our task is not to create additional problems for honest users and operators.
— These bills are neither good nor bad. They are inevitable. Sooner or later they will accept it, will reject them in this session or not, — says chief specialist of information security Alex SHCHUCHKIN. — Now check the social networks tied to the phone number, which by law is tied to your passport. Now begins the next phase. In the near future is inevitable the emergence of universal digital ID with all the information about the person. And this man usually has no objection to being “under the microscope”. Please note on the last poll “Levada-the centre” on this topic: the number of supporters of a ban on anonymity on the Internet has doubled, and now they are in the majority. Most people don’t consider the anonymity part of their freedoms, and the liberty see their safety, the safety of their children from anonymous criminals. Another thing is that it is unclear how such laws will be implemented from a technical point of view. The procedure of validation of user data is not clear. It is not very clear and will be adhered 152-FZ “On personal data”. If the social network will be obliged to collect users ‘ personal information, it will come into direct conflict with the 152-FZ. However, you need to understand that bills to abolish the anonymity is taken not in order to protect children and adults from unknown network of criminals. The state security is not particularly interesting. It wants to legalize the right to control correspondence in the media, control of private business, control of the active part of social groups, the opposition and foreign agitators of the ideas of freedom and democracy. And it’s moving towards that goal.
So two of the leading experts in the industry are unable to answer the main question: how to implement the new legislative initiative about the ban on anonymity. Give them a hint. We already passed a law on compulsory identification when you log on to the Internet via public wifi, and the law that servers with personal data of Russian users geographically were in Russia. Both laws valid, but not enforced. About them rather shamefully forgotten. We assume that in the near future, “a regiment of forgotten laws” will simply replenished.