The Komodo dragon, which is also called the giant Indonesian monitor lizard or Komodo dragon, is a species of lizard that lives in Indonesia. Their population remained in Komodo National Park, which is today, March 6, celebrates his 37th birthday.
The Komodo dragon – the largest of existing lizards in the world. Length some species can reach three meters, and their weight reaches up to eighty pounds. These lizards are endemic (live on limited area), so they are under threat of extinction because of the actions of people: tourism, settlement territories and destruction of their usual food.
When running at short distances Varan is capable of speeds up to 20 kilometers per hour. The young animals climb well and spend a lot of time in the trees. As shelters lizards use burrows of length 1 to 5 meters, and the youth living in the hollows of trees. Dragons eat insects, lizards, fish, turtles, crabs, rodents and much more.
On the island of Komodo is home to around 1700 lizards, Rinca island approximately 1000, Flores – two thousand, several smaller Islands, the account goes on hundreds, and in some areas of the Park, the dragon was considered to be extinct.
In 2013, the total number of Komodo dragons in the wild was estimated at 3222 individuals, but in 2014 it dropped to 3092 individuals, and in 2015 – up to 3014. It is believed that on the island of Padar, the dragons disappeared because of poachers.