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Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Belarus found its millennial statehood


President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko was “Pro” or even “Pro-Soviet” only in the beginning of his political career. Subsequently, the Minsk began to support historians who insist on the long and original process of Belarusians to their own state. Now this myth will be fixed in school textbooks. Why?

The desire of some people – small and not – extend your story into the past is perceived as something familiar, though at least strange. In Russia, a similar marginal theory is actively promoted in the 1990-ies, when the country was in deep crisis, including ideological. It was then published pseudo-historical books in which fictional ancient Rus defeated all enemies and founded Rome.

“In the history of science until recently was dominated by a consensus that in the old Russian state was neither Russian nor Ukrainians nor Belarusians”

But, unlike Ukraine and other former Soviet countries, where the lengthening of their own history is funded at public expense and promoted in school textbooks, Russia, fortunately, in time came off this slippery, and most importantly – the infamous track. Invent imaginary victories and imaginary ancestors – a lot of countries-losers. The history of the US has 240 years, and no complexes about it, modern Americans do not.

Moreover, the presence of a truly long history and proven by independent sources of victories does not affect the political and economic situation in the country. Greece and Armenia believe your story thousands of years, but, with all due respect to them, are not political and economic leaders. Chinese and Indian history – also one of the longest in the world, but China has achieved its present success because of the active work in the last decade, not through historical and pseudo-historical research.

The history of Ancient Rus ‘ begins with the “tale of bygone years” – and its events are partially confirmed Byzantine, Scandinavian, Persian, and other sources. Reliable sources than modern science has not yet opened, but there is fantasy and imagination of those who “elongation of history” seems about to make a claim. Recorded facts and confirmed the archaeological materials they seem to be insufficient, and, ultimately, alternative history unfailingly walks hand in hand with conspiracy theories.

Ukraine is the most typical example. But now the President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko instructed “it to reflect the new textbooks the history of the formation of the Belarusian state”.

We will remind that the Belarusian government appeared in 1991 after collapse of the USSR, before that the Belarusians have their state was not. However, ideologues of the new state, it seemed disreputable, and for the past 25 years, Belarus has carefully promoted himself as the successor of the Great Duchy of Lithuania. They say, Belarusians – this is the real descendants of Lithuanians, and those who now live in Lithuania under the name of Lithuanians – Samogitians this and other tribes, which had indirect relation to the statehood of the Principality.

This theory has a relative right to exist, but only on the grounds that the current territory of Belarus was part of the on, and then the Commonwealth. As the state of Lithuania ceased to exist shortly after the Union with Poland, so to say that someone is a “successor” or “heir” of the Principality, it is impossible. Also Mexico is a new state, and not the heiress of the Mayan Empire. Similarly, the Turkey is not the successor to the Byzantine Empire.

But the Belarusian scientists continue research in the mists of time and come to new paradoxical conclusions.

As said the head of the centre for archaeology and ancient history of Belarus, Institute of history National Academy of Sciences Olga Levko, studies have shown that “the Belarusian statehood started to form in the middle of the IX century with the creation of the Polotsk region”. “The formation of Polotsk, as the center of this public education was carried out on a local tribal basis, while in Novgorod and Kiev, it was invited by the Vikings. Even in the subsequent of Polotsk, as part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Rzeczpospolita, have developed Autonomous,” she said, presenting President Lukashenko cycle of scientific works “the Origins of the Belarusian statehood, Polotsk and Vitebsk lands in the IX–XVIII centuries”.

“It is necessary to prescribe and implement in the minds of our people the truth. Here if there is any nationalism, it is nationalism common,” – said in response Lukashenko instructed to submit this information in school textbooks.

The map studied Balto-Slavic populations. A green background shows the East Slavs, pink – Western Slavs, beige – the South Slavs, blue – Baltic population. Icons indicate the location of populations where samples collected: analyzed mtDNA (white circles), analyzed the Y-chromosome (black dots), were analyzed for autosomal markers (red triangles)Note that in historical science, until recently, was dominated by the consensus that in the old Russian state was neither Russian nor Ukrainians nor Belarusians, and were Slavic tribes that interacted and mixed. The Principality of Polotsk was one of the tribal centers, withdraw from it is the Belarusian statehood on the grounds that it was in the territory of present Belarus, unhistorical.

Moreover, in the “discovery” Levko, supported Lukashenko, is an outright lie and distortion. The Vikings did not disdain the Polotsk – this is stated in the “tale of bygone years”: Rurik planted in the city of one of their colleagues. The names of the Polotsk Prince Rogvolod and his daughter Rogneda (about her, to put it mildly, a complicated relationship with Prince Vladimir says the film “Viking”) is of Scandinavian and not Slavic. And even baptized Polotsk was not the Holy Vladimir, and Thorwald the Norseman Traveler.

And, of course, there is no historical evidence that being a part of Lithuania, Polotsk had some autonomy. Yes, Polotsk, being a border territory, regularly came under the authority of the Russian state, but the same happened with Smolensk and other border cities. Russia’s relations with the on and then the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth has always been difficult. But Belarus in these relations was not and could not be. The Belarusian people was formed as a result of the Russian-Polish-Lithuanian cooperation.

It is strange that we have to once again repeat these truths, proven by historians, archaeologists, and even geneticists, but otherwise seems impossible. Contemporary political grievances are forcing some politicians to seek oblivion in the past, and when the real story does not satisfy them, they have fantasies and outright manipulation of facts.

“We really have created, and are then considered. All this is consonant with and relevant now, – said Alexander Lukashenko. – Today, some under the guise of “social parasitism” something else trying this to rock the boat and prove to us that this is not our land, but someone’s. So for us it is very important. “Parasites” should know that they are simply trying today to use in the mercenary purposes, to destroy what is, to destroy at the root that we have revived, not to give us foothold. And they will use everything.”

That is, in the opinion of the Belarusian President, he and a number of citizens of Belarus – the heirs inhabited the Principality of Polotsk Krivichi. And “parasites” (protesting against discrimination against the unemployed and self-employed people of the law) – then who is? Moscow in those days there did not exist (more precisely, it was not mentioned in the Chronicles).

However, Lukashenko is at least falsificare history of thousands of years ago. While the former President of Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk said that the war between Russia and Ukraine “comes from the times of Pereyaslav”, that is more than 300 years.

There are already any comments, except for medical, unnecessary.

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