In the picture of the collapse of the “United Europe” suddenly added a new paint – Poland and Hungary have teamed up for the opposition officials of the European Commission. Support of Budapest Warsaw is extremely necessary, because otherwise Poland could be threatened European sanctions. It seems that the EU Matures new political force that can destroy it from the inside.
The dispute between the European Commission (EC) and Poland concerning the basis of the functioning of the constitutional court (CC) of the Republic stalled. EK experienced a failure of Warsaw to enter developed Brussels measures to ensure the independence of the COP. The Polish foreign Ministry pointed out that the recommendations of the European Union are of a political subtext and are attempts to tarnish the country. Poland did not stop even the threat of the EU to impose sanctions against her action.
“You can talk about the birth of a new eurosceptic Alliance between Poland and Hungary”
And now to the aid of the poles came an unexpected ally. In Budapest said they would vote against the European sanctions against Warsaw. Since such decisions can only be taken by consensus of all 28 countries of the organization, the EC will not be able to punish Poland for an open act of disobedience to its decisions.
This is not the first time these countries, which are at the helm euroscepticism configured policies, demonstrate disobedience to the leadership of the European Union. In particular, the Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban in the fall of 2016 held a nationwide referendum on whether to Budapest to implement the EU decision on the quotas for refugees.
Disagreements in the EU are well known. Still not overcome the consequences of the financial crisis of 2008, the countries of the South, the EU is looking for ways to combine in opposition to the rich “northerners” led by Germany. “Southerners” oppose “German hegemony” in the “United Europe”, requiring a waiver imposed on them by German austerity policies. Fueled controversy and the immigration crisis. Took the brunt of Italy and Greece require that all EU members equally shared the burden of hosting migrants. However, others do not share their views: even after the introduction of quotas for refugees, the majority of States of “United Europe” shies away from them.
The problem of illegal migrants has revealed different approaches of the EU to the European neighbourhood policy (ENP). Yuzhnouraltsy insist on the shift in it towards the African direction, indicating that the main security threats to the EU come from there, not from Russia. There is no unity on the issue of sanctions against Russia. France, Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain believe that the EU should move from a policy of sanctions to establish a constructive dialogue with Moscow – and their position is facing stiff opposition from Germany, Poland, Scandinavian and Baltic countries.
Against the background of these contradictions in the EU gained momentum euroskeptic and radical political force. The leader of “National front” marine Le Pen is one of the favorites of the presidential race in France, and the “freedom Party” of Geert Wilders – the upcoming parliamentary elections in the Netherlands. Leftist movement “Podemos” in Spain just two years of its existence managed to get to a traditionally two-party national Parliament and become the third political force in the Kingdom. In Italy the growing popularity of the populist party “Five stars” and leader of the separatist “Northern League” Matteo Salvini and in Germany, it spins right-wing “Alternative for Germany”. The greatest success was achieved by the leaders of the Greek SYRIZA Alexis Tsipras, the Polish “law and justice” Andrzej Duda and Hungarian, Fidesz, Viktor Orban, who came to power in their countries.
A new surge of euroscepticism provoked Brakcet. The idea of holding a plebiscite, similar to the British, there were the skeptics in France, the Netherlands and Italy.
However, the current situation not only in the fact that Poland decided to demonstrate the EU’s intention to defend the right to pursue an independent domestic policy. Such attempts were shown before. The uniqueness of the situation is that eurosceptic forces began to show a tendency to unite. And not just for performances at rallies or support in the elections, and to push their own interests within the EU.
Duda and Orban has long demonstrated the generality of political views. Now they have demonstrated the EU’s willingness to act together, to realize the worst fears of Brussels. Helping Warsaw to avoid sanctions for failure to comply with the EC in Budapest understands that may find themselves in the same situation. Because Hungarians held a course for greater independence from the EU institutions has long caused strong dissatisfaction in the “United Europe”. Thus, it is possible to talk about the birth of a new eurosceptic Alliance between Poland and Hungary, which is ready to be domestic opposition berlininien the leadership of the EU.
Berlin and Brussels will search for ways to exert pressure on violators of discipline, including using financial levers. However, if Orban and Duda will continue to work together, it will be much harder. In addition, their success more to spur the growth of support for euroskeptic political forces in other EU countries. So, in future, the coalition may expand as the number of Vasilenko who came to power in the States of “United Europe”.
The current situation in the EU can be called the most serious institutional crisis of the organization throughout its existence. The buildup of unresolved problems and conflicts between members, strengthening of eurosceptic and centrifugal sentiment, the difficult financial situation in the Eurozone, uncertainty about the future of the EU after Breccia could lead to protracted political and economic crisis for a long time destabilizirovat the situation in the “United Europe”.
If Brussels fails to find the key to solving these problems, to suppress the Association of eurosceptics and conduct necessary reforms, the future of the European project will be jeopardized.