The approach of the reconnaissance ship “Victor Leonov,” to the U.S. coast – a sign of Russia’s weakness, not strength, write the American media, citing intelligence sources. Sources caught with humor, “Viktor Leonov”, is characterized by the word “useless”, even it becomes a shame. The point, however, is that these comments – inexcusable nonsense.
The material NBC News rasledovanie on the “Viktor Leonov” named the old – supposedly it can listen to only the radio communication between ships, between ships and shore, as well as commercials. “I hope they love to listen to radio classic – quips an anonymous coast guard officer from New England (refers to the Classic 101, sending the old rock hits and music in the country style). “Leonov” is not a threat, echoes senior intelligence officer. “It is a proof of the weakness of Russia compared to USA. It shows how far the Russians have lagged behind the USA in the area of electronic eavesdropping. Ship specializiruetsya on listening to the radio, not digital, so he is actually not able to intercept any any sensitive military or intelligence messages,” he said.
“These data – the most valuable trophy, the agent forces him to chase decades, drinking liters of cheap rum with the staff base Norfolk”
“Review” that was caused by earlier media reports that “Victor Leonov” was seen in 65 miles North-East from Norfolk (Virginia), where the largest naval base of the United States in the Atlantic. On Wednesday it was reported that “Viktor Leonov” approached the base of submarines of the US Navy in Connecticut. Before the ship was off the coast of Delaware. Patrolling near the East coast of the U.S. he conducts for the first time in 2015.
“Viktor Leonov” (before 2004 it was called “Hodograph”) – the ship is really old. He, as another six of the same type, was built in Gdansk, Poland in the period from 1985 to 1988, but he has been through several hardware upgrades. All seven ships of this project 864 narrowly specialized types of electronic equipment and are very different from each other even in appearance from the typical characteristics of radars and other electronic warfare systems. However, they are included in the “Unified state system of lighting of the surface and underwater environment”, and all the technical characteristics of installed electronic equipment is strictly classified, although the overall purpose of various electronic warfare systems known.
The irony of Americans – or a manifestation of small-mindedness of those naval officers to whom journalists asked for comments or a way to retouch his own negligence, since admission “Victor Leonov” almost close to the Norfolk is a big mistake. In the old days the American ships almost rammed “Oceanographic vessels” project 864 (under the legend “study the bottom of the ocean for scientific purposes” for six months they hung opposite the bases of the U.S. Navy, and the stocks replenished in Cuba). Once an American missile cruiser “Texas” a few days chasing the same type of “Viktor Leonov” “Karelia” (undergoing repairs and refitting), approaching within a few tens of meters the Board in the Board. The “Texas” three times more – he could simply sink the “Karelia”.
The fact that the “Viktor Leonov” was not intended to intercept Internet traffic or break into the ultra-modern system of communication (which, incidentally, does not exist). His complexes hydroacoustic surveys (GAR) and the system with a characteristic called “Memory” fix the so-called “noise profiles” of surface and underwater objects in the parameters of radiation of sound waves in the water column. Simply put, every surface ship and submarine especially make a specific set of noises that are unique to this object. It is, in fact, sound wave vibrations in the water which you can “copy” and remember in electronic form. It’s like a database of fingerprints of criminals: once “copied” and will never admit it. This file of the “sound profiles” available to the hydroacoustic teams of all Russian military ships and submarines, which gives the opportunity at a great distance and without contact to determine exactly what the object you are moving. And this is especially important for submarine warfare.
In much the same way hardware “Viktor Leonov” can remember the specific profiles of potential enemy radar and air defense systems, electromagnetic radiation of various objects is also specific to each. From the point of view of military intelligence of such data – the most valuable trophy, the agent forces him to chase decades, drinking liters of cheap rum with the staff base Norfolk under the watchful gaze of the marine police, the FBI, and then discover that all of these profiles are already five years out of date along with the liver.
The last time such a scan Norfolk and the other bases on the Atlantic coast of the United States was held in 2015 – it’s time to update the Rolodex.
Regarding the interception of conventional radio broadcasts, the Americans overdid it with the sarcasm. After all, they are exactly the same as the rest of the world, talking on the radio, on open frequencies between the ships, and in some cases still even Morse code in the course, although in the late 80-ies, this seemed absolutely prehistoric knowledge (in specific schools complained about the need to spend time on memorizing meaningless combinations of dots and dashes). No special means of communication Americans are still not invented and introduced, so classic rock music is not the only thing that could be of interest to specialists with “Victor Leonov”.
The Americans know such intelligence ships, by the way, no. Under these characteristics somehow get ten ships sonar exploration (SHAR), of which half of the same year built as the “Victor Leonov,” with the company. Most of them are small – with a crew of about 30 people and is designed mainly for the detection of diesel submarines in shallow water – they carry on a cable towed buoy sonar, almost like during the Second world war. Another ship was altered to the point of tracking ballistic missile launches. By the end of the twentieth century in the United States considered that this specific type of vessels needed in the absence (as they wrongly thought) of the object. And that is why they are now surprised to the phenomenon of “Victor Leonov” to their shores, especially to repeat such a stunt in front of Severomorsk, gadzhiyevo or Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Americans can not.
In the United States continues to rely on heavy-duty group of orbiting satellites, but their capabilities are, paradoxically, is limited – most used radio frequencies from orbit to intercept impossible, let alone make a sound or electromagnetic profile of the object at all unrealistic. By the way, the US allies in NATO (and – if more – the West in General) from the use of vessels of a similar class and doing this kind of physical intelligence prudently refused. Moreover, the majority of these vessels were built simultaneously with the Russian-Soviet project 864. For example, they are in the German Navy (the three “OST” project 423 displacement of 3200 tons, built 1988-1989), Italy (RZK “Elettra” type “Alliance”, 3180 tons, 2003), Spain (RZK “Alpine” type “Dare”, 2292 tons, 1982), Norway (RZK “Marjata” 7560 tons, built in 1994 to replace the older ship of the same name and destination), Poland (two types of “MOMA” modified, project 863, displacement 1677 tons, built in 1997-1999), Greece (“Germis”, the former BRD Germany, 1497 tons, 1960), France (RZK “Boganville”, 5195 tons, 1988), Sweden (RZK “Orion”, 1400 tons, 1984), Romania (BRD “Gregor Antipa” type “Corsair”, 1450 t, built in 1980).
The last time the Americans and British laid the duties of physical intelligence for surface ships and even submarines. To these ends, they just hang additional equipment, which (along with staff) only complicates the life of the vehicle. So, his Majesty’s Navy attached to the submarine “Trafalgar” any new radar, after which she broke down and stood in dry dock. Function electronic intelligence passed to the missile frigates “Brodsworth” and “Duke”, which increased their crew due to the staff of the electronics and increased the danger of navigation, because now these ships have to go into dangerous proximity to the object of study, and such are not welcome.
In the dry residue of the reaction of American sailors to work “Victor Leonov” is more like a journalistic trick. Earlier on the voyage “Victor Leonov” the press was told personally by Donald Trump. And the question is, what’s he going to do with the ship, the President replied, “do not tell”: “I don’t have to tell you that you are going to do with North Korea. And I don’t have to tell you that you are going to do with Iran. Do you know why? Because they don’t know. And when you ask me what I’m going to do with a Russian ship, I’m not going to answer you. I hope that I’m not going to do it, but I won’t tell you”.
Yes, no. You could not tell. And now – “the Apple” greetings from the Navy radio Classic 101.