The first phase of the ambitious Mars exploration started last year when in the autumn of last year, from the Baikonur cosmodrome, the Russian rocket “proton” orbited automatic station to study the red planet. However, when landing on the Plateau Meridian landing module “Schiaparelli” crashed.
According to the head of Solar and planetary research European space Agency Andrea Accomazzo, after the disclosure of the parachutes “not all work out the way we expected,” however, the engines of the machine had to work for a few seconds.
However, large-scale research project “ExoMars” was not closed.
The second phase of the project involves the delivery to the Martian surface the Russian landing platform with the European automatic Rover on Board. After the disappearance of the Rover platform will work as an Autonomous scientific station. On Board will be a complex scientific instruments to study the composition and properties of the surface of the red planet.
In addition, the Rover will be equipped with the drilling rig, capable to drill the soil to a depth of two meters and to take samples. The main objective of the research the Rover – the direct study of the surface and atmosphere of Mars in the vicinity of the landing area, the search for compounds and substances, which could indicate the possible existence on the planet of life.
The joint mission of the European space Agency and Roscosmos ExoMars started on 14th March 2016 from Baikonur cosmodrome. Seven months later, the station reached the environs of the red planet, and on 16 October 2016, is divided into two modules, one remained in orbit, the second “Schiaparelli” went to the landing. It was originally planned that the project, which cost about 1.3 billion euros, will take part the American space Agency NASA. However, due to funding problems, the US refused it.