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Monday, November 20, 2017

To desecrating nuts: invented a new law against opposition protests


In recent months, it seemed, the authorities slightly loosened the efforts of the legislative crackdown. Less enthusiastically (it seemed) introduced various prohibitions or restrictions of political rights and freedoms of citizens.

But so hard to stop! Always think: what if nedokrutil? The doors in the house locked up and will command them (the people) sit in silence — they are the window out. Window caulk — through the attic to the roof are selected. And if the resistance is weak, as in our Russian case, dictated by the paranoid fears of temptation almost impossible to resist.

United Russia Irina Belykh, representing in the state Duma Hovrinsky one-mandatory district of Moscow, has introduced a bill that declares “public events” the meeting of deputies of all levels — from Federal to municipal, with voters in the streets and squares. The high quality of legal registration of the initiative in conjunction with the accompanying appearance of her circumstances gives grounds to assess the chances of its adoption as high.

To assess the consequences, think of the metamorphosis that has undergone the Russian legislation on holding assemblies, rallies, pickets and demonstrations — because it is to him I want to equate meeting of deputies with voters…

Adopted in 2004 the law “On meetings, rallies, demonstrations…” has existed without major changes until the summer of 2012. But after mass protests perturbed by the results of the parliamentary elections in late 2011 — early 2012, the sleeves rolled up, the Kremlin, with the active support of the Parliament and government took over.

The law, called “draconian” radically tightened the rules of holding mass street actions and administrative responsibility for them. The code of administrative offences was to promise exorbitant fines (a minimum of 10 thousand rubles for citizens) for any breach of the rules of holding public actions. The maximum penalties for citizens made up of several hundreds of thousands rubles that was before unprecedented. In Cao, a new kind of punishment — obligatory works.

As the activists who in the spring of 2012 denied approval of meetings and processions, began to practice quiet thousands of “walking on the boulevards,” in the law it quickly ordered the organizers ‘ responsibility for applying the result thereof, the walking damage someone else’s property or health. Penalties — the same penalties for the unauthorized “loud” demonstrations.

In 2013 the constitutional court declared most of the new features constitutional. But not all: for example, a severe liability of the organizers of the events for the behavior of all without an exception of participants of shares or uncontested high minimum fines for the judge to accept the constitutional failed.

The decision of the COP not fully executed so far. The draft law on making relevant clarifications in the law “On meetings…”, and Cao with the end of 2013 lies in the state Duma without movement. About it I kind of forgot MPs, the government and the presidential Administration. Only one of the recognized unconstitutional the rules were later revised separately: now the courts have the right to fine a citizen for participating in peaceful, but not agreed with the authorities shares and on 5 thousand roubles taking into account the circumstances of the case.

Further, after the Ukrainian Maidan — it is more: in 2014, introduced a special administrative penalty (from 150 thousand to 300 thousand roubles of a fine, arrest or compulsory work) for “repeated” violation of any, even the formal rules of holding mass events. And in the Criminal code, an article appeared, which is now engaged in the constitutional court at the request of Ildar Dading, the only convict her to a real jail sentence for “repeated” violation of order of organizing or holding street actions it allows you to be imprisoned for a term up to 5 years.

It turned out that not all loopholes for the very active and do not understand the specifics of the moment are closed. In the beginning of 2016, passed a law requiring the confirmation by the officials even the pickets conducted using “prefabricated collapsible structures”, that is, tents, and all motor…

Ahead of the presidential elections has reached his hands up and street meetings of deputies with voters. The right to hold them without approval now have elected officials at all levels, and is widely practiced by the opposition, members of different political color, who often have problems with the coordination of meetings or pickets. It is in the form of a meeting with deputies of Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg was held which brought together several thousand people rally against the transfer of the Russian Orthodox Church of St. Isaac’s Cathedral at the end of last week to coordinate it with the city administration, as we know, failed.

Made now in the state Duma the bill would allow MPs to “inform voters about its activities” without obtaining permission of local authorities only in the meetings, which are “freely” held “at any time in a designated or adapted to this place” (as stated in the explanatory Memorandum). However, in “areas” like clubs, cinemas or hotels sometimes there are different troubles like blackouts, water or heat well, making it impossible for us to hold meetings at the appointed time…

There is no limit to perfection, and fear has big eyes.

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