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Thursday, March 15, 2018

The return of the wing “Kuznetsova” exposes the problems of Naval aviation

Pilots of Naval aviation, took part in operations in Syria from the deck of the aircraft carrier “Admiral Kuznetsov” has finally returned home to Severomorsk-3. However, their solemn meeting left more questions than answers. Why the pilots returned sooner than the ship itself, and why on the airfield landed only part of the combat machines?

On Friday, the first group of pilots of deck aircraft of Northern fleet (NF) made a flight with a heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser “Admiral Kuznetsov” at the airfield Severomorsk-3. The first to arrive, as stated in the defense Ministry, crews of four fighters and three helicopters of carrier-based aircraft su-33, MiG-29K, Ka-52, Ka-29 and Ka-27. The flight lasted two hours.

“If they fly “pieces”, it is an indirect sign not in the best condition of both equipment and crews. Either do not have enough pilots or the machines are faulty,”

As reported by RIA “Novosti” with reference to the Navy, held a festive rally, which returned congratulated the commander of the SF Vice-Admiral Nikolai Evmenov. The crews were met by relatives, representatives of the Main command of the Navy and the Northern fleet, the local authorities, organizations of veterans and Junior military movements, pupils and students.

“For the first time in the history of the Navy Russia carrier-based aircraft combat missions for the destruction of world terrorism in Syria. For two months the pilots of Naval aviation performed 420 sorties, defeated more than 1 thousand people”, – said the commander.

All the objects we bombed to the ground

According to the defense Ministry, of the 420 117 sorties were made at night. Strikes on the headquarters and control centers of the militants, crowds of fighters and military equipment, firing positions and strong points of terrorists. Another 750 sorties were made in order to search and rescue and aviation transport security. That is only done 1170 sorties. According to the results of operations in Syria 20 marine pilots awarded.

Itself carrier group is still moving in the Barents sea, near Norway. It is expected to ship in Severomorsk roughly 9 February, said earlier “Interfax” a source in power structures of the city. Thus, the campaign of the Russian aircraft carrier fleet in Syria, which began on 15 October, to be completed. On November 8 the group which, in addition to “Admiral Kuznetsov”, consisted of the heavy nuclear missile cruiser “Pyotr Veliky”, large anti-submarine ships “Severomorsk” and “Vice-Admiral Kulakov” and the black sea fleet ships and support vessels joined the operation in Syria. On 15 November, the command reported the first combat use of aircraft “Kuznetsov”.

During the operation of the “Kuznetsov” was lost off the coast of Syria two fighter aircraft – the MiG-29 and su-33, and it was non-combat losses. In the first case, the plane fell into the sea due to running out of fuel, not having the technical ability to land on the deck, and the second fell from the deck during landing due to a broken brake cable.

In connection with the completion of the campaign suggests at least two questions. First, why aviation, the Navy transferred the airfield before the “Kuznetsov” home? And secondly, why home transferred only part of the aircraft?

The first question said the chief editor of “national defense” Igor Korotchenko. According to him, “Kuznetsov” need to maintain a certain speed so he could fly the aircraft, so the fighters returned to their base before the entry of ships in the Kola Bay. “To ensure normal takeoff fighter jets from the deck will be problematic due to the difficult navigation in the Gulf” – said Korotchenko TASS.

But the answer to the second question is much more interesting.

Either of the pilots or the machines are faulty

Former senior officer of the Naval aviation, which was interviewed by the newspaper VIEW, drew attention to the fact that in Severomorsk, arrived only seven aircraft – four planes and three helicopters, while the total number in the group, according to the official data, more than two dozen. The video also shows four or five cars.

“Machines have to be translated at all and all pilots on the airfield land from an aircraft carrier. If the regiment relocated during Soviet times, do it with all groups or all together, – said the interlocutor of the newspaper VIEW. – Senior technician because the aircraft is only one service group is also limited. We need to throw the entire engineering staff following the boards that technicians can perform full-fledged training aircraft at a new airport.”

According to the officer, if of the cars were in one place, part in another, this can lead to confusion: “No commander voluntarily will not relocate your regiment in parts.”

In other words, the fact that only seven cars were relocated to Severomorsk-3 the first approach allows you to make extremely disappointing for Naval aviation insights. Four fighter pilot and helicopter pilot three and the corresponding number of machines – that all the forces capable to rise from the deck of the “Kuznetsov” for a short time. Either there are no more trained pilots, or the rest of the machine is faulty. Naval officers well know that “Kuznetsov” during his previous military campaigns regularly carried on the deck of the aircraft, which in reality could not get in the air just for the purpose of their public display.

And still, most likely, the problem is in the prepared – or unprepared – manpower, not in equipment. Thus, we can assume that the remaining machines will be transferred to Severomorsk-3 after returning home pilots again be transported on an aircraft carrier, and they will raise into the air remaining on Board equipment.

“I ruined two aircraft” from scratch

The head of analytical Department of the Institute of political and military analysis Alexander Khramchikhin low assessed the results of the campaign. “The Russian deck-based aircraft yet, to put it mildly, not well developed, and showed that the March “Admiral Kuznetsov” in Syria,” – said the expert newspaper VIEW, adding: “I Ruined two perfectly good airplane in a vacuum. That is, the group is not ready for war and, accordingly, it’s not about technical problems, and organizational problems.”

But the leader of the Movement of support fleet Mikhail Nenashev in a complimentary spirit, spoke about the results of the campaign: “This is a real possibilities strike forces of the fleet. The meaning of the March “Admiral Kuznetsov” was to show the flag. She was powerful and memorable. Despite the attempts of our neighbors on the planet to be sarcastic,” – said Nenashev newspaper VIEW. According to him, Russia had a powerful campaign to destroy the terrorist international. “Our pilots say that the support of the fleet gave them confidence,” – said the expert.

Assessing the effectiveness of the air group by the ratio of sorties and hit targets – 420 to 1000 – Nenashev found it high. “This was done for the first time in this volume. Night missions previously practiced on the polygons of the Northern fleet. These figures indicate exactly what the terrorists and the reference database was applied to all-weather strikes without regard to time of day,” – said the expert. He stressed that by the end of the campaign, many pilots worthy of high awards, because many of them “acted heroically.”

Contribution to the fall of Aleppo

However, Nenashev said that by the end of March “got a lot of questions.” He was sure that now, during the repair of an aircraft carrier special attention should be given to the problem with the brake cables, “because the loss of planes is the loss of billions of public money.” “Now the ship repair and defense industry needs to ensure that this was not. Problems with the cables, could be due to the fact that the Contracting structure within the defense Ministry would not allocate money to the factories for upgrades. Now the ship repair facilities are ready to conduct thorough modernization, renovation,” he said.

Head of the research Department of middle East conflicts and the armed forces of the region of the Institute of innovative development Anton Mardas does not consider the contribution of the group itself in the Syrian operation is significant.

“Yes, some targets were hit, but the main problem consisted in working out of combat use of aircraft carrier carrier-based aircraft”, – he said. Including the capture of Aleppo, according to Murgasova, the actions of carrier-based aircraft “was not key”. “It’s managed purely by agreements between Russia and Turkey, which after reconciliation and the creation of buffer zones began to drag the armed forces not only from the province of Idlib, but also from Eastern Aleppo. Thus began the division of the opposition”, – the expert reminded.

“Originally and does not attempt that “Kuznetsov” is the driver of the bombing. The task was to show the flag in the sea, to try to combat the group, which was training in the gym, said Mardas newspaper VIEW. – Given that the ship will soon stand in the dock for repairs and will stay there for at least 3-4 years, the backlog, which received carrier-based aviation will have to develop and work.”


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