The domestic defense industry made a leap forward, primarily due to a large-scale program of rearmament and expansion of markets. But the role played by the war in Syria, which has been tested by some of the latest domestic developments. Than can boast of the Russian army in the near future?
State of science and high-tech industries in Russia is traditionally correlated with the state of the defense industry, in common parlance – “defense.” In the twentieth century, the lion’s share of domestic perspective of the development was carried out in the interests of the military and other security officials. On the one hand, it created a powerful physical-technical, mathematical school, supported not only applied but also fundamental research. On the other, by the end of 80-ies in the USSR was formed a paradoxical situation: the country who created a super space and nuclear technology, they were unable to provide their populations with a sufficient number of normal televisions and washing machines. Subsequent experiments on the conversion or dismantling of the defense research Institute and plants, buying ready-made foreign technologies has led to the from started and should all be able to do themselves, because there are sanctions and restrictions, and the free market world, on the contrary, does not exist.
“Planes, throwing over the positions of the enemy leaflets with the offer to surrender, received a high-tech competitor”
The Russian civil sector high-tech industry is still not on its feet, and sometimes more dead than alive. You can just search for any apartment and appreciate who and what countries are available there, electric and electronic appliances. Experiments in the spirit of “swords into plowshares” has shown that Russian creators of radars in General are unable to learn how to do, for example, microwave ovens, but have not forgotten how to design the radars, so innovative products of the Russian defense industry continues to catch the eye of international media and experts.
In this framework, the main background remains the war in Syria, which is understandable. In addition to fighting terrorist groups, it is, in fact, acts as a giant testing ground for military innovations that, in General, and not hidden by the military leadership of the Russian Federation. And it’s not just about the trials of the desert, but when interacting with unfriendly technology “Western partners”, directly or indirectly, peek-a-Boo from behind the local beards.
A list of new or deeply modernized Russian developments, appeared in Syria, extensive – especially in aviation and rocketry (due to its largely remote nature of the war). First, military aviation: the newest su-35S, su-30SM fighter-bombers su-34 multirole heavy fighters su-30. Second, this precision missiles X-101 and “Caliber” with their famous voyage from the Caspian sea. However, if the creation of new aircraft and missiles – traditionally strong in the Soviet Union and Russia region, for example, fighting robots is a relatively new global trend that is not passed and the Russian “defense industry”, and is not limited noisy propiarenny cyborg ATV.
Multifunctional complex robotic demining “u-6” (photo: Sergei Pivovarov/RIA “news”)
In particular, in Syria (and before that in Chechnya and Ingushetia) was tested robotic demining “u-6”. This remotely operated machine with trawls can destroy in the soil munitions or to initiate their detonation. In the SAR it was actively used by engineers in the Palmyra – judging by the shots of explosions, the robot does not get bored from lack of challenges. In mid-January, the chief of the engineering troops of the armed forces Lieutenant-General Yuri stawicki reported the following models that are developed on the basis of “Uranium” on the results of his field trials.
But if the robot-the sapper is officially recognized by the device operations, the picture with robots fire support in the armed forces is still based mainly on rumors. In Russian and Western sources reported on the use of Russian offensive systems such as “Argo” and “Platform-M”. Such developments exist in the armed forces and are able to gather information about the battlefield and destroy the detected target under operator control. In the blogosphere, it was reported that there was at least one fact “high-tech” assault fortified Russian robots in conjunction with the Syrian infantry, Russian artpodderzhka under the control of the UAV and the overall coordination through a system of control of the battlefield “Andromeda-D”.
Robotic complex “Platform-M” (photo: Vitaly ANEC/RIA “news”)
Close to robotics trend – the emergence of the Russian army system of protection of objects implemented in the form of stationary and moving platforms, specialized, for example, for the needs of the strategic missile forces. Armed with automatic grenade launchers and machine guns, they can move from a protected shelter for shelling discovered saboteurs or to move with the same purpose in the locality. Thus, the post “man with a gun” will be further enhanced e-armed assistant.
We can not be happy for the Crimean developers of high-tech weapons, not sitting idle after the reunification of the Peninsula with Russia. So, in Sevastopol JSC “Scientific-technical center “Impulse-2” created a universal remotely controlled Autonomous combat unit “Whirlwind”, which is tested on the robotic combat platform on the chassis of BMP-3 and other media.
An important component of the above means high-tech military operations is the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). In this respect, the previous year was rich in announced development. Progress with drones in Russia especially evident when compared with the situation five-day war in South Ossetia, after which Russia urgently purchased ready-made models and lines of production in Israel amid the apparent failure in their own designs. Eight years later, the picture is in some sense the opposite: the defense of Israel reports about an unsuccessful attempt to destroy in the sky someone’s (IDF hints who) arrived from Syria UAV that lived through the attack of two anti-aircraft missiles and fighter-interceptor F-16. Another promising example of the use of drones is an attempt to pair them with tanks: the developers of the MAI and MGTU im. Bauman has created a device that flying 20-30 metres over the tank to give him energy on the cable and transmitting on-Board information. So the crew gets a overview of the battlefield and can quickly detect the target.
Preparing to launch UAV “Leer-3” aerodynamically throws transmitter interference, with subscriber terminal of cellular communication of standard GSM (photo: Pavel Lisitsyn/RIA Novosti)
In the best traditions of struggle “shield and sword” continues in Russia and the evolution of systems of electronic warfare (EW). It is also generally reflects the global trend for the transfer of the confrontation in the area of digital technologies, to intercept control systems for weapons. It is worth noting at least two have been in Syria complex.
The first of them – “Leer-3” – a hybrid technology of UAV and electronic warfare. Mobile systems are mounted on the base of the UAV “Orlan-10” and a traffic control center and started to work in the army in 2015. In fact, they can simulate a GSM base station connection, suppressing and replacing the cell tower, after which all calls and messages pass through a fully controlled military equipment, becoming a valuable source of data for scouts. In addition, subscribers in the area covered by the “Leer-3” receive SMS and messaging, and in future will receive, and videos. So the Russian military in Aleppo send messages to civilians about the location of the corridors for leaving the city and areas of distribution of humanitarian aid. The same technology, the militants got from the armed forces samples of applications for a truce. Thus, the planes, throwing over the positions of the enemy leaflets with the offer to surrender, received a high-tech competitor. According to experts, in the future drones will be able to create a virtual mobile network until the interception, traffic management and calls smartphone users.
The second EW system, which is known in Syria, was “Krasuha-4”. It is designed to counter a wide range of airborne radars shock and reconnaissance aircraft of the enemy. It is argued that the system is able to suppress not just radar, but radio control UAV, which makes this complex particularly relevant in today’s digital high-tech war.
UAV “Orlan-10” (photo: Eugene biyatov/RIA “Novosti”)
The evolution of Russian military technology is not just fighting robots, the interception of information flows and other realities of digital war. At the moment there is subtle evolution in many areas, for example in the field of fight against biological threats. In this area there are no such bright artifacts, as rushing through the desert automatic steel monsters with rocket launchers, but the scale of the danger of biological threats is much greater. No wonder so much attention around the world glued to the outbreaks of epidemics, such as Ebola virus or zika, the contribution of Russian biologists in the fight which the VZGLYAD wrote.
So, at the end of the outbreak of anthrax in the Yamal Peninsula has become the famous “modular Complex for analysis of pathogenic biological materials, a decision-support operational teams of the Ministry of defense of Russia, acting in emergency situations of biological character” (MCA PBA) – or simply “Owl”. In fact this is a multifunctional Autonomous biological laboratory on wheels, capable to move into the area of biological disaster and quickly obtain information about the pathogen. The key factor here is speed. Traditional methods of analysis infections took tens of hours to tens of days. Modern based on PCR analysis, enzyme immunoassay and other rapid methods that provide information in near real time. The developed complex of all the essential equipment combined with boxes of microbiological protection and placed on the chassis model Trucks. To the Yamal incident µa PAP was standing on duty, for example, in the zone of the 2014 Olympics in Sochi. In the army chemical corps has such a new system and for radiation and chemical monitoring.
Ground multi-function module interference “Krasuha-4” (photo: Donat Sorokin/TASS)
In fact, at the moment continues to demonstrate the results of the return on investment made in the aircraft and defense industry in the period after 2008. Indisputable is the fact of survival and preservation of national intellectual and industrial potential after the hard times of the 90s, but its active evolution in recent years. On further trends can be assessed following the publication of results of studies of such large structures as the Foundation for advanced studies (similar to DARPA in the US), but also the development from the smaller, but non-trivial-minded “men of the intellectual front” of the experimental “scientific mouth”. And since the drift of military developments in the civil sector is not only the recognition of necessity, but the goal is formulated by the head of state, it is hoped that in the foreseeable future we will see not only robots-sappers, but, for example, the original Russian domestic robots.