Activists truckers promised a series of rallies and pickets demanding to maintain a preferential tariff system “Platon”. To cancel the tariff offers of the Ministry of transport. The protests look strange – a year of work, “Plato” would be a clear benefit, especially in the Russian provinces. As you know, trucks are destroying the road surface, and due to the taxes of the “Plato” of the track, completely renovated in 37 cities and regions.
Activists protest truckers announced a Friday rally against the system “Platon”, said yesterday, “Nezavisimaya Gazeta”. The organizers in St. Petersburg have promised to hold a rally, although the city authorities refused to coordinate. Earlier, the leaders of the Association of carriers of Russia were quoted by “Rosbalt”, announced the campaign “all over Russia”, but in some provinces, instead of rallies and picket.
“Additional payments trucks will lead to the fact that the goods will be back on the barge, on the railway platform”
As you know, the charging system (MRAs) “Plato” was introduced on 15 November last year. The proceeds go to the road Fund in the form of compensation for the destruction of the tracks by trucks weighing more than 12 tons. However, the introduction of a levy on heavy-sparked protests by truckers. Drivers then managed to achieve some concessions, such as discounts. Now truck drivers pay 1.53 rubles per kilometer. Prior to the introduction of benefits, the rate was 3.73 per ruble. Initially it was planned that the preferential tariff had to be increased to 3.06 ruble since March. However, the government has extended it until the fall.
And here on 2 November, the Ministry of transport has developed a draft government resolution, which proposed to raise the tariff from February 1 to 2.61 rubles per kilometer, and from 1 June to 3.06 rubles.
Over the past year derived from “Plato” the money has been repaired more than 1 thousand kilometers of the most problematic roads. “The first proceeds from “Plato” in may, was directed to repair the roads that were in very critical condition. These additional revenues helped to achieve tangible results. For example, in Petrozavodsk 230 city streets-third renovated by means of the system “Platon”, – explained the first Deputy Minister of transport Eugene Dietrich.
Leningrad oblast has applied to the Agency on funding due to the “Platonic” fees construction of a road Novoye Devyatkino – Murino, which is estimated at RUB 5 billion promised by 2020.
As previously reported, the Federal road Agency, the repairs were complete in 37 cities and regions. 40% of the work performed in Tver and Bologoe. Representatives of Rosavtodor promise, in particular, “hard to control the actions of the regional colleagues in order to prevent cases of asphalt in inadequate conditions”.
“Distribution of traffic on other arteries”
Meanwhile, the Russian food unions, and associations of truckers, asked to postpone the tariff increase. According to them, this can lead to higher prices for the products by 3-10%. On that Sunday reported “Kommersant” with reference to the letter addressed to Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich. The request was joined by “RusBrand”, “Rusprodsoyuz”, national Union of milk producers and national meat Association.
However, the transport Ministry expects no growth in food prices due to the possible abolition of preferential tariffs. “And colleagues in the government from other departments, in General, support”, – said Tuesday the Minister of transport Maxim Sokolov, who was quoted by RIA “Novosti”. He stressed that last year “the price increase was due solely to inflation, and the share of the “Plato” was the tenth, maybe even smaller fraction of a percent”.
Sokolov reminded that it was now up to the government. “The Ministry of transport is here proposed that the grace period rate for more than a year prefunctional and we come to the period when you have to decide to model the system “Platon” has earned in full. It is not only a fiscal burden and pay for the kilometers traveled, is to set up the logistics of the whole transport system of our country, including the reasonable and effective distribution of freight traffic on other arteries, including Railways and inland waterways,” he said.
At the same time from the indexation of tariff to inflation next year the transport Ministry plans to stop. They believe that a phased return to the original rate is already a compromise with the carriers. Moreover, the Ministry is confident that a return almost to the initial level of tariff necessary to implement the planned programme of road network development. This will allow to expand the list of regions that will receive the money for the repair and construction of roads and bridges and overpasses.
“The tariff was set initially”
Regions will soon see the results of the complete work, “Plato”, because the income from it would be used primarily for the repair and construction of roads in the Russian provinces, said the newspaper VIEW Deputy Chairman of the Duma Committee on transport Sergey Ten (“United Russia”). He said that it is not about raising tariffs, but about the cancellation of the previous discounts.
“The tariff was set initially. Now we are talking about what period of system start-up has taken place. The system works for almost a year. There are, of course, the “Plato”, but you have to understand that the country is huge – more than 50 thousand kilometres of Federal roads and their maintenance, for repair, for construction of new large sums. “Plato” will involve more than 1 million 12-tonner, so the task is very difficult,” – said the Deputy.
“This process has already begun – 24 regions have already received the money. In addition, there are very serious plans at the Ministry of transport. In this direction we need to move much more active than now”, – said the Deputy.
With regard to concerns around inflation caused by the cancellation of preferential tariffs, Shadow reminded that already the original price 3.06 ruble was based on the relevant studies of economic development. “And these forecasts are not voiced, which will increase the price of food. So we here rely more on the position of the economy”, – concluded the Deputy.
Russia fits into the “global trend”
The head of Institute of transport and road management Mikhail Blinkin argues that in coming years all the developed countries will begin to enter payments not only for trucks but also passenger. He explained: previously, such costs were laid in the price of gasoline, now, when there are hybrids and cars consume less fuel, “to take from the gasoline tax is meaningless.” “Plato” is a local step in that direction. Russia also somehow fits in with this world trend,” – said Blinkin newspaper VIEW.
As pointed out by the expert, it is proven that the impact of trucks on the destruction of the road many times higher than cars. But in Russia, the cargo base is shifted towards road transport illogical way. “In those countries where the roads are better, there are categories of goods which do not carry on the trucks. And we carry! We have a system of taxes and tariffs unbalanced. Additional payments of trucks will lead to the fact that the goods will be back on the barge, on railway platforms,” – said the expert.
According to experts, “Plato” forced to bear the expenses of several groups, but it gives them benefits, and benefits from the system outweigh. So, for ordinary Russians, including vehicle owners (vehicle) weighing less than 12 tonnes, the system can actually result in a higher value end products at the expense of carriers, but its size is negligible – less than 0.1%. Calculations performed on the basis of a detailed analysis of the impact of the cost of transportation on the price of milk and flour.
In return they get better road infrastructure and, consequently, reduction of wear of machinery by improving the quality of roads, increased road capacity at the expense of reorientation of freight to other modes of transport and more efficient use of empty vehicles.
In addition, there is an indirect effect caused by tightening control over transportation of goods reduces the share of counterfeit products, including alcohol-containing products.
What gives “Plato” cargo owners and trucks
Disadvantages to the owners of cargo transported by trucks are: it increases the price of carriage of goods at the expense of carriers to charge less than 5% (calculations carried out on the basis of the average cost of transportation is 35 RUB./km).
However, in return, they receive increasing transparency and the quality of services in the field of transportation. The reasons for this will be the disclosure of detailed information about planned and actual routes for the transportation of cargo (including the time and location of the vehicle), proof of reliability of carriers that use “Plato”, reducing the time of delivery and the risk of loss of goods by improving the quality of roads.
Finally, the owners of the truck and ordinary truck drivers – the ones that gather on Friday to protest – of course, will incur additional costs to the Board, which also shifted the cost of the final product.
However, in return they get a direct view of the transport tax in the transport service, the disclosure of detailed information about planned and actual routes of movement of the vehicle (including the time and location of the vehicle), all deductions from the transport tax on the amount of fees in “Plato”, the improvement of road infrastructure in 40 towns and entities (repair, renovation and construction of emergency roads and bridges at the expense of income from “Plato”), less wear and tear to the vehicle by improving the quality of roads, increasing road safety through the use of “Plato” in the investigation of incidents and illegal actions ensuring government attention to the field of transportation in the form of direct dialogue on the topic of “Plato,” the potential development of additional services based on the information system (e.g., smart CASCO insurance, etc.).
Use on the Federal level
For the state the benefits are also obvious: establish a unified information platform for the development of transport system of Russia (including the latest information on trucks over 12 tons, their owners, routes) collected by the payment on account of compensation of harm is used to Finance targeted development of the road infrastructure, secured the automatic enforcement of SVP with subsequent transfer of information on violations of the traffic police.
In addition, increased levels of interagency cooperation in the provision and use of information from “Plato”, including the NRF, has established a procedure of control over foreign carriers (check-in system, the collection of payments on account of compensation of harm, control of the supervision of compliance with the rules of the system), set the stage for legalization in the field of transportation through creating equal conditions for market participants and disclosure of information.
According to experts, the system allows you to adjust traffic flows by switching the parts of goods in railway and river transport. Also benefit the state going and have already organized a direct dialogue with the carriers on the topic of SVP “Plato” and transportation in General. At the same time ensured the development of the domestic market of software development and SVP of specialized equipment due to the implementation of strategy of import substitution with the creation of “Plato”.