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Sunday, February 25, 2018

Experts argue about the reasons for the sharp decline in the number of alcohol poisoning

Although January is known as “alcoholic month” in the country unexpectedly fell sharply, the number of alcoholic poisonings. Last month was poisoned almost two times less than the average in the previous five years, and was poisoned to death in three times less. Versions about the causes of what is happening from the experts diverge.

The number of alcohol poisoning in Russia was reduced twice, and the number of deaths – three times, according to the CPS in January. “So, 1 to 29 January 2017 2218 was poisoning, of which 441 have been fatal. At the same time, from 2012 to 2016, the annual number of alcohol poisonings for the period from 1 January to 29 January, the average was about 4100 cases, this has resulted in more than 1250 deaths every January,” – said Monday the Agency.

“Young people already drink far less than previous generations. A lot of things, life has become more interesting, there are more opportunities to realize themselves”

Thus, the number of cases of alcohol poisoning fell by almost half, and deaths – in three times.

We will remind, in December, there was a mass poisoning of the bath means “Hawthorn” in Irkutsk. 123 people were poisoned with methyl alcohol, which was in its composition, of which 76 died. In a criminal case charged all 22 previously detained persons, with eight persons remanded in custody, nine – in the form of house arrest, five – in the form of recognizance not to leave with proper behavior.

December 26, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev agreed with the proposal of the head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova to suspend the implementation of non-food products with an alcohol content of more than 25%.

In Rospotrebnadzor said that statistics confirms the effectiveness of the decision, as well as effectiveness, together with the bodies of internal Affairs unscheduled inspections. How reminds RIA of “news”, after December 26, Rospotrebnadzor experts arrested more than 500 thousands units of products, including more than 2 million units over the past week. On 25 January, the period of restriction was extended for another 60 days.

The youth began to drink less

The head of the Duma Committee on health Dmitry Morozov also welcomes temporary ban on the sale of non-alcoholic beverages. “The next step will be the strengthening of control over the implementation of legal alcoholic beverages”, – the Deputy told the newspaper VIEW.

Morozov hopes that in a few years Russia will reach acceptable statistics of deaths and poisoning, and then will begin more active work in educating society. Emphasis will be placed precisely on the reduction of alcohol consumption in General and spirits in particular, and not only to ban “Hawthorn” or catching of counterfeit goods.

“Consumption, in fact, already falling, enough to see the statistics of the Ministry of health. Young people already drink far less than previous generations. A lot of things, life has become more interesting, there are more opportunities to realize themselves. Withdrawal from social depression of the 90s is finally bearing fruit in combating alcoholism,” – said the MP.

With regard to the history of “Hawthorn”, it would, in his opinion, remains an exceptional case because, by adding tincture – albeit inedible – methyl alcohol, the manufacturer should have been aware of their responsibility. “For such it is necessary to punish on all severity” – said Morozov.

Save only “price reduction”

In the alcohol lobby say that the improvement is no more than the consequence of a temporary shock, and soon everything will return to the old way. “In fact, no real measures were taken. Just banned the sale of non-food alcohol-containing liquids. As if people then have nothing to drink. Moreover, we have for the last 10 years, according to my calculations, the market of substitutes has increased in volume three times, to about 800 million liters per year”, – said the newspaper VIEW head of the project of the research Center for Federal and regional alcohol markets Vadim Drobiz. He believes that in three or four months back the old statistics on poisonings.

Drobiz even finds strange the fact that the market of surrogacy in Russia has grown to global proportions, and the mortality from their use is fairly low. “In addition, according to the same physicians, 90% of people poisoned to death – the people who have poisoned not by the quality of the products and its quantity. In any case, the decrease in the number of deaths, albeit short-term, it’s always good,” he added.

In the long term Drobiz urged to follow the Western path, that is, to provide access of vulnerable population to legal, factory production of quality drinking. “If unemployment in the U.S. is approximately $ 900, the cheapest strong alcohol costs two dollars per liter. That is, in the USA one Dole, you can buy a 450 litre bottles of spirits. To go this route is the only chance really and permanently reduce the number of poisonings that is a surrogate,” says the head of the center.

“Hawthorn” is another story

In contrast to officials of Rospotrebnadzor, chief narcologist of Russia Yevgeny Bryun sees no connection between the decrease in mortality and a history of “Hawthorn” in the Irkutsk region.

“It’s much more complicated, because the criminal business directly to the General trend is not affected. Was poisoned specific batch of this tincture. Be in the bottles with the tincture of hawthorn is not methyl alcohol, misfortune would not have happened,” the psychiatrist explained the newspaper VIEW. Also, according to Brun, it is impossible to draw Parallels between the decline in the number of poisonings and the decrease or increase in the volume of counterfeit products. “She is also in the mass, does not contain methanol, and poison reasonable quantities of such products is impossible”, – he explained.

As the Deputy Morozov, Brun acknowledges that in recent years has generally decreased as the amount of alcohol that you drink, and the amount of poisoning of alcoholic products. “Reducing alcohol consumption population is very noticeable: this is evidenced by statistics of the drug treatment clinics, and sales of alcohol,” – said the doctor. However, the psychiatrist has recognized that it cannot accurately predict the decrease or increase in the future, the number of poisonings and deaths from alcohol.

The Deputy Morozov also against the idea Drobeta to reduce the price of spirits to out of the market, counterfeit or even non-food types of alcohol, like “cleaning fluid bath”. “First, if you consume crazy, and water poisoned, not only the “Hawthorn”. I don’t think that the price of vodka is too high. People need to educate, and not to solder”, – he concluded.


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