The turnover of goods of seaports of Russia for the first time in history exceeded the mark of 700 million tons per year, but this is not the limit. New infrastructure, new ships, and the General situation on the world markets will ensure that this growth will continue even despite the fact that Russia took on obligations to reduce oil production.
According to the Association of seaports of Russia, the total turnover of the industry in 2016 amounted to 721,9 million tons, an increase of 6.7%. The fall in the value of foreign trade turnover (according to the latest data, in January – November 2016, it decreased by 13.4% to 422,8 billion) had no effect on the volume of goods that pass Russian ports. Over the last decade, yet there was not a single case where their turnover would be less than in the previous year, and in General from 2006 to 2016, it increased by 77.4 per cent.
The doubling of Arctic oil
“The lead ship of the series “the Navigator of Albano” was launched in March, its cargo capacity is about 38 thousand tons of oil”
The most significant growth of cargo turnover in 2016 – just by 40.6% – showed the ports of the Arctic basin, one step from the level of 50 million tons. A key factor in such a high dynamic was the increase in the transshipment of bulk cargo 2.2% to 23.1 million tonnes, which is comparable with last year’s volume of transshipment of dry cargoes in the Russian Arctic (26.6 million tons).
This increase has been possible primarily due to the commissioning of the RAID transshipment complex “Nord” on the basis of the floating oil storage “Umba” in the port of Murmansk. Through this tanker drive can handle about 12 million tons of oil per year, and the raw material comes in two deposits of “Gazprom oil”: the Novoportovskoye field on the Yamal Peninsula and offshore on the shelf of the Pechora sea. In January of last year, “Umba”, built in the Japanese shipyard Hitachi Zosen, has replaced the former floating oil storage “Belokamenka”, which worked for 15 years.
The launch of a new transshipment complex allowed to increase the turnover of the Murmansk port from half to 33.4 million tons, while the “North” for 11 months of the adopted order of 7.42 million tons of oil, whereby the Murmansk entered the top ten of Russian ports for transshipment of liquid cargoes. This is not the limit. The prospects for increasing crude oil associated with the plans of the company Sovcomflot, which ordered six ice-class tankers for delivery to Murmansk black gold from the Gulf of Ob and the platform “Prirazlomnaya”. These vessels capable of year-round work in the Arctic at temperatures down to -45 degrees. The lead ship of the series “the Navigator of Albano” was launched last March, its cargo capacity is about 38 thousand tons of oil is twice more than the a long time working in the Arctic tankers of class Arc5.
In addition to oil in Murmansk significantly increased transshipment of mineral goods through local bulk terminal, which early last year acquired Russian company “EuroChem”, one of the global leaders in the fertilizer market. Already in the first seven months of 2016, the terminal handled 3 million tons of cargo, showing a more than twofold increase compared to the same period of the previous year. The new owner continued to upgrade the capacity of the terminal: in the middle of last year was commissioned a new ship-raising machine “Neva-1500”, the first in its class, and designed and manufactured in Russia.
Double-digit growth rates (21,6%) showed last year and the Arctic oil port and its Varandey in the Nenets Autonomous district exceeded 8 million tons. In 2014, LUKOIL, which owns the terminal, has announced plans to increase its turnover up to 10 million tons, primarily due to the increase in production at a nearby oil field name Trebs and Titov field name, which is the holding company of Vagit Alekperov is developing jointly with Bashneft. As a result, within two years the volume of oil transshipped via Varandey increased by almost 3 million tonnes.
The expansion of coal “Windows”
The second largest contribution came from the far East, where the total turnover harbours increased by 8.3% to 185,5 million tons. Here also resulted in some increase in the transshipment of liquid cargo (+2.1% to 74.5 million tons), but the volume of dry cargo increased much more: by 13% to 111 million tonnes.
As the major export product of the far Eastern ports in 2016, established the coal. For example, the port of Vanino in the Khabarovsk region following the results of nine months reported that the highest growth – almost half – have shown that the handling of coal for export. The coal port of Posyet in Primorsky Krai, part of the holding Mechel, increased handling of 37.2% from 5.1 million tons in 2015 to 7 million tons in 2016.
One of the factors to increase the traffic was the opening of the access port capacity for third-party exporters of coal in late 2015. In a result of far East to be able to make a significant contribution to increased exports of Russian coal in the first 11 months of the year 2016, it increased by 13.2% compared to January – November 2015 (up to 149.5 million tonnes), which is primarily due to the recovery in prices on the world market.
Following the completion of the construction of several new coal terminals, shipments of Russian coal through far East ports will grow even larger. 2016 proved to be very fruitful for such projects. Thus, in Primorsky Krai on the development plans for the coal terminal of “North” in the port of Vostochny said the group “Sum” Ziyavudin Magomedov. About ready to finish the third phase of its terminal in 2017, said another operator East: Managing port company. In Khabarovsk region, under construction in the Bay Muchke port Vanino coal terminal companies “Daltransugol” and “Sagatrans” will be able to be exported to countries in the Asia-Pacific region to 24 million tons of coal per year.
By the way, in October JSC “Daltransugol”, included in holding, SUEK, has shipped to the fleet of 100-million tons of coal, setting a record far East ports over the past eight years. The total turnover of the port Vanino, according to the Association of Russian sea ports last year grew by 11.6%, surpassing the milestone of 30 million tons.
Exports spur growth
According to the head of research Agency InfraNews Alexey Bezborodov, the main source of growth of freight turnover of Russian ports is to further enhance exports. This need forms the exchange rate has fallen – the increase in exports allows you to maintain its value.
How it will look in the Kerch Motorola prospects Bezborodov found primarily in the coal segment and in the handling of containers, which in 2016 almost reached the level of 4 million TEU (conditional container unit), which exceeds the 2015 is 1.4%. However, the weight of a container turnover grew by 2.5 million tons, Laden and turnover grew, and the empty fell.
In the export of bulk cargoes is expected some stabilization in connection with the obligations of Russia to reduce oil production, but it can happen in a redistribution of flows to China, from which again will benefit the ports of the Far East. This trend was observed already in 2016, when significantly (by 32.3%) fell transshipment of oil products in the port of St. Petersburg, in connection with its total turnover decreased by 5.6% to 48.6 million tons. At the same time, significantly increased oil transshipment in the port of De-Kastri in Khabarovsk Krai, whose turnover was up 10.4% to 11.5 million tonnes (for the first 11 months of last year, the port ranked eighth in Russia for transshipment of liquid cargo).
Finally, the fourth consecutive year the Russian port market can count on such an important driver, as is the ferry across the Kerch Strait, also shown last year, a decent increase. Cargo turnover of Caucasus port, with ferries to the Crimea, in 2016 increased by 8.8% (to 33.2 million tons), and port of Kerch – by 22.4% (to 9.6 million tons). However, after a couple of years, with the opening of the bridge in the Crimea, such a high dynamics in these ports will disappear naturally, reminds the referee.