The outgoing leadership of the US state Department finally supported the operation in the West African state of the Gambia. Here the troops of neighbouring Senegal aggressively trying to “persuade” the permanent President “Sheikh, doctor and Professor” Jammeh to resign after losing the election. The dictator trained in the United States who met with Bush and was almost appointed himself king of Gambia is not going to give up.
Several African States issued an ultimatum lost the election to the President of the Gambia (state in West Africa surrounded by neighboring Senegal) Yahya Jammeh. The army will use force, if Jammeh alone will not refuse the post, which he doesn’t want to leave, said the President of the Economic community of West African States (ECOWAS) Marcel de Souza.
“Nobody can deprive me of my victory except Allah. I will not resign”
On Friday Senegal reported that his troops invaded the territory of the Gambia. The army contingent included “significant land, air and naval forces,” said the Colonel of the Senegalese army Abdou Ndiaye. Troops also sent to Nigeria, the largest and most influential state in the region. The operation is called “Restoring democracy”, it involved about 7 thousand soldiers of the West African countries. Colonel Ndiaye stressed that the strikes are “the objects of military significance, the resistance until it turns”. He added that ECOWAS and the African Union approved a military operation.
The US state Department has said that the United States supports the actions of Senegal, “because I understand that the goal is to help stabilize a tense situation and try to abide by the will of the people of the Gambia”.
Without God-fearing electoral Commission
It became known yesterday that ECOWAS has suspended military operations in the Gambia, to give the latter a chance to mediators to resolve the crisis, Reuters reported. However, as specified, the operation will be suspended only until Friday noon. Meanwhile, the presidents of neighboring countries: Liberia, Mauritania and Guinea – arrived in the Gambia and try to convince Jammeh to take office and retire into exile. The only thing that we guarantee the ex-President is protected from prosecution.
51-year-old Yahya Abdul-Aziz’dzhamus Junkung Jammeh, has ruled the Gambia for more than two decades, on December 1 last year, lost the election to opposition candidate Adam barrow, which was given almost 10% more votes.
The leader of the country initially admitted defeat, but then rejected this decision. “After a thorough investigation, I decided that I reject the results of the recent elections. I’m upset serious and unacceptable violations reported during the election process,” he said. Jammeh said the need “to conduct a new, transparent elections that will be God-fearing and independent electoral Commission”.
Then intervened in the conflict by neighboring countries that decided to force Jammeh to hand over power to the victorious opposition barrow. The leader of the opposition, who considers himself the country’s new President, took the oath, but not in the Gambia and in Gambian Embassy in Senegal’s capital city Dakar. In support of the new President spoke and the UN security Council adopted a resolution
Professor, doctor, and five minutes to the king
Lieutenant Yahya Jammeh came to power in 1994, led a junta of Junior officers, overthrew the previous President Dauda Jawara Kayraba, who ruled for almost a quarter of a century, since the Declaration of Gambian independence. Jammeh at that time was only 29 years old and back in 2001 and 2006, he got into the Guinness Book of records as the youngest serving heads of state.
Note that Lieutenant Jammeh had undergone military training in the United States, he studied at the Military Police Officers Basic Course (MPOBC) in Fort Macclellan in Alabama and in 1994 he obtained a diploma in military science. Becoming President and having made himself a Colonel, Jammeh has appropriated additional regalia.
“Young people who play football in the rainy season and refuses to work for the country would be in prison”
The full title of the Gambian leader as follows: “His Excellency the President Sheikh Professor Alhaji Dr. Yahya A. J. J. Jammeh”. Passion for flowery titles Jammeh repeatedly compared with other extravagant of African leaders, such as dictator of Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) Mobutu Sese Seko or the leader of Uganda, “Lord of all the beasts on earth and fishes in the sea, and Conqueror of the British Empire”, IDI Amin.
Yahya Jammeh also received numerous foreign awards, especially generous was the Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, who in 1995 assigned a Gambian counterpart the title of Grand commander of the order of al-Fatah. But among the regalia Jammeh is, for example, and the title of honorary citizen of Georgia and an honorary Admiral of the Alabama.
In 2010, the permanent President (popularly elected in 1996, 2001 and 2006) expressed a desire to become king of the Gambia, but, however, he abandoned this idea. It is unlikely that the dictator could have scared the discontent of the military, clergy or political opposition. Instead of a coronation, Jammeh was again awarded the post of President in 2011. The desire to become an absolute monarch does not prevent Jammeh in the early 2000s to participate in the meeting of the then US President George Bush with leaders of West African States with a democratic form of government.
A fighter with sorcerers and “inventor” of AIDS drugs
President Jammeh, among other things, is famous for his statement that he had found a cure for AIDS and asthma. These serious illnesses he proposed to treat with decoctions of herbs.
In 2009, his administration announced a campaign to rid the country of the witches, after Jammeh announced that “wizards” responsible for the death of his aunt. However, the dictator himself claimed that he has supernatural powers.
Jammeh also scored the fight for discipline. “Young people who play football in the rainy season and refuses to work for the country will be in prison,” said the leader at a meeting with citizens in 2003. However, the permanent President used not only a carrot, but a carrot. In 2013, Jammeh has taken the decision to establish four-day work week, pribludova to the weekend and even Friday.
The presidential doghouse was awarded to homosexuals (Jammeh promised to kill all the gays left in the country) and human rights defenders. “If you are affiliated with any human rights group, rest assured that you are not guaranteed security. We are ready to kill saboteurs”, – warned the President in 2009.
“I’m not a coward. My rights can not be violated. That is my position, – has declared A. J. J. Jammeh, after they lost elections in December 2016. No one can deprive me of my victory except Allah. I will not resign”. In January, he imposed a state of emergency.
“Will press and depress”
Senior research fellow, Centre of African studies of Institute of world history RAS Nikolay Shcherbakov believes that Senegal and other partners will be “finished already departed formally from the post of President and will complete the entry chosen.” He noted that it is common practice in the community of West African States, which, as a rule, in solidarity with each other.
Yes, initially the Jamma admitted defeat, “because too obvious was the election results, it was necessary not to lose face”. “But then, after analyzing the situation, he, apparently, hoped that will something break”, – said Shcherbakov. The source noted that the precedents after the elections, the authoritarian regime managed to change something, not acknowledging them in Africa are numerous. This situation was in Zimbabwe etc. “a negative Experience has been accumulated. So I tried to use it,” – said the expert.
According to experts, the US position does not play a role. Senegal, for example, more linked not with the United States and its former mother country – France, repeatedly argued the case. The Gambia is a former colony of great Britain.
Not for the first time
Not only the US but Russia and all the leading countries supported the intervention of Senegal and Nigeria to the Gambia, said the head of the Center for the study of Russian-African relations and foreign policy of African countries, Institute for African studies Eugene Korendyasov.
“If a legitimate presidential election wins by the opposition, but outgoing President first recognizes his defeat, and then thinks better of it, then, of course, such behavior is illegal,” he said. In addition, said Korendyasov, the African Union and the Economic community of West African States (ECOWAS) in the statutes is written that in the case of the illegitimate rise to power, the community shall take any measures in order to return events to the legal framework, including the use of armed forces.
“This right Senegal and Nigeria are not for the first time. Enjoyed this right previously and during the civil wars in Sierra Leone and Liberia, as well as during the events in Mali in 2012. In this case, legitimacy is not met, therefore, the country operated under the Charter,” says the historian. In addition, the expert believes that the intervention of Senegal is also due to other reasons.
“The territory of the Gambia not only pierces the Senegalese from the Atlantic to the Sahara, but the border still runs along the regions of Senegal, where active separatists. He doesn’t need any instability in the region,” he explained. With regard to the further development of the events, according to Korendyasov, to full-scale brutal war will not come. “I think that will be undertaken in the first place, diplomatic efforts to return the event in the mainstream of legitimate,” – said the historian.