Left governors of the”heavyweights” in a hurry on the way out came when they replaced the helpful dealers, raised “power vertical”. Who is going to replace them, what type of regional policy will be sought after when the new time and under new curator Sergei Kiriyenko?
In Russia, the stages of domestic policy are usually associated with the names of her immediate supervisors. The Putin era began when the tandem of the head of presidential administration Alexander Voloshin and his Deputy Vladislav Surkov. Last for many years held the position of the Kremlin’s “gray cardinal” and formed the approach to regional policy, which is relevant to this day. Voloshin could not openly at war with the governors-“heavyweights”, who at that time held fast not only their ancestral lands but also the neighboring regions. Luzhkov, Shaimiev, Rossel — if they wanted to get rid of their influence Voloshin could count only on a rare victory in these political chess as a serious resource in the fight against them, he did not possess.
The flowering of the “age of Surkov” put squarely the question of the fate of governors-“heavyweights”. Building a “vertical of power” and demanded from the governors of unquestioning obedience, exaggerated loyalty, in exchange for which they received a piece of the feeding. It is this vector to build the Imperial consciousness and was taken on Board aprf, gaining in those years, the influence due to the excessively increased flow of petrodollars. It is oil allowed the Federal government to win the war with regional elites relatively bloodless, only opening the season on the most influential governors. The result was the total staffing update, in which in place of the same Rosell had to sit more than one Governor with a minimum rating of confidence and efficiency. The climax of the change of governors occurred in the time of Dmitry Medvedev’s presidency, which was replaced by the largest share of regional housing. Then there were the first ratings evaluating their effectiveness — “survival rating” and “the Kremlin rating”, as in the absence of direct election analysis and criticism has shifted from the electorate to the experts.
Short-term era Vyacheslav Volodin has not made major adjustments in the type of Governor, a popular system of government. As with Surkov, preference in the appointment of a head of a subject often given to the most loyal, compromise, passive candidate, and easier to manage, and who will not play his own game, intriguing against the Kremlin. In addition, the management of regional policy began to actively intervene in the Federal financial-industrial groups, according to the position of the governors of their protégés, which led to the present conflict between the camps of “bankers” and “siloviki”. The outcome of this confrontation was a whole series of landings of heads of regions (Gaiser, prizes, White pipe) and joining the control system come from the security services, the FSB and FSO. However, appointed acting Governor of the Kaliningrad region Evgeny Senichev resigned after only a few months after his appointment, unable to bear the specifics.
Before the start of the presidential campaign 2017-2018 curator of internal policy appointed Sergei Kiriyenko. Its main difference from Surkov and Volodin that he is the organizer, not having their own ambitions to influence domestic policy. Its main task is to conduct the election campaign of the President of the Russian Federation in a difficult financial and political conditions, and that it needs to substantially rework the approaches to working with the regions, which were laid by his predecessors in office.
Kiriyenko needs a new type of Governor, which can not only arrange technological, legitimate election campaign on the territory of the region, but also to become a driver. In addition, a new time requires a new management approach. Medvedev formulated the paradigm of “no money” will become the new reality for the regions this year. Now the head of the subject needs to show the qualities that earlier if he had consciously and carefully cropped. Initiative, ability to debate, to defend their own point of view, to compromise, but to succeed. Simply put, it needs again to become a politician, and for this he requires himself to go through direct elections, and not refined, theatrical, and real democratic.
In this logic gets turned on its head the whole system, rebuilt the previously Surkov, and then thoroughly institutionalized his replacement by Vyacheslav Volodin. Meanwhile, outside the situation of confrontation “center — region” of the late 90s, loyal to the Kremlin, but charismatic and resource candidates will be able to apply for leadership positions. This will solve the problem of the failed of a personnel reserve, and on the other hand, will produce steam and activate the development of the real regional policy. In a situation without money, but with lots of problems of “vertical of power” can be effective, you need a certain decentralization, which will be based not dangerous, but independent players. For example, one of the few “red” governors Sergey Levchenko was recorded in the “Ranking power” as a positive example of the opposition in the government, and the figure Alexei Navalny is seen as a good opposition patriotically-minded groups of elites.
To solve it will be Sergei Kiriyenko. However, the time to prepare for the elections had very little. And the challenges facing his office, is very ambitious, because we are talking not only about the election campaign, but later, after her five years of governance, which will be forced to seriously reconsider their way of life. The post-Soviet era “heavyweights” did not return, and the time of the “vertical of power” is gradually taking place. The political arena will be young technocrats, educated the banks and the corporations, intelligence officers and politicians of a new wave of loyal to the Kremlin, but ready to fight for their own position in society.
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