Approved by the state Duma the law on introduction of criminal liability for declination to the use of doping is threatened by unscrupulous doctors and coaches with fines and real prison terms. Interviewed by the newspaper VIEW, experts believe that if the law adopted before the deterioration of relations with the West, Russian sport has been able to avoid many of the current problems.
The law on the decline of athletes for doping was accepted on Thursday at session of the State Duma in the second and third readings. As informs RIA “news”, it was developed by deputies from “United Russia” Marat by a barium, Ildar Gilmutdinov and the Deputy of LDPR Dmitry Fistulous. The bill was passed in the first, basic reading by the state Duma of the sixth convocation, and then by the government was amended and approved by the people’s elected representatives.
“The athlete himself is looking for these additives, but to use them it pushes the environment”
As reported by the newspaper VIEW one of the developers of the bill Dmitry Svishchev, the law focuses on the list of banned substances, every six months, updated and officially published by the world anti-doping Agency (WADA):
“Thus, in this matter Russia will be among the progressive countries of the world. In practice, many countries, such as Greece, Germany, Italy, there is also criminal liability for incitement to doping, especially if the result was damage to the health of the athlete or he was injured. Put and athletes themselves, there are precedents, it seems, in Italy, when people sit for 15-20 years for doping. Of course it would be better if the law adopted a year ago, but better late than never”.
Explaining its position regarding the adoption of such a law, the President of the rowing Federation of Russia Veniamin Booth told the newspaper VIEW that in General maintains that the anti-doping fight, but there are things that he as a professional athlete and mentor raise questions: “for Example, it is not clear what to do, for the coach if his unscrupulous pupil begins to slander him or try to make the deadline in doping scandal”.
In conversation with the newspaper VIEW another developer of law Ildar Gilmutdinov expressed confidence that with the issue will join law enforcement and investigative agencies, “honest people will have nothing to fear”. “Any charge, whether it is even sweeping, understands the consequences and guilt is proved only in a judicial order” – he stressed.
Gilmutdinov also told about what to develop and adopt such a law he proposed seven years ago: “If then I heard it might not be faced with such a miserable prohibitions related to the denial of access for our teams to international competitions. The fact is that in 2007 I was part of the parliamentary Committee drafting the law on physical culture and sports. And before becoming a Deputy of the state Duma, the first Deputy of the Minister of youth and sports of the Republic of Tatarstan, watching sports educate the youth of her mentors. It then began to introduce all of these performance enhancing drugs because of the good athletic performance Pets financial encouraged coaches”.
The third developer of the law, the first Deputy Chairman of the Duma Committee on physical culture, sport and youth Affairs Marat Bariev explained to the newspaper VIEW, why in the first place, the new law is not directed against the athletes taking doping, but against those who surround them:
“We accidentally made the emphasis on coercion of athletes for doping because, as practice shows, the athlete himself is looking for these additives, but to use them it encourages environment – doctors, teachers. Moreover, the athlete may not even be aware that the funds that we give are doping. But all the sanctions in case of detection of such substances still were previously directed solely against him: he has been disqualified, he was deprived of the medal – and only his name appeared in the media in connection with the doping scandal”.
In turn in conversation with the newspaper LOOK President of Federation of wrestling of Russia, Olympic champion Mikhail Mamiashvili expressed full approval of the new law:
“Because of the crooks, for their interests are at risk the health and career of athletes, have no place in Russian sports. I liked the words of our President Vladimir Putin, who said that our sport should be “clean”. If we started this cleansing process a few years earlier, no one could put pressure on us. I admit in sports doping is actually, the sport.”
Recall that, according to the text of the law, inducing the athlete to the doping trainer, specialist in sports medicine or a specialist in the field of physical culture and sport will be punished by a fine of up to 300 thousand roubles or in the amount of income for a period of up to six months with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions for up to three years or without such deprivation or restriction of liberty for a term up to one year with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions for up to three years or without such deprivation.
If the same actions committed by a group of persons upon a preliminary collusion, or against a minor or of two or more athletes and also with the use of violence or threat of violence, are punishable by either a fine of up to 500 thousand roubles or in the amount of income for a period of one year, with disqualification to hold certain positions for up to four years, or restraint of liberty for a term up to two years with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions for up to four years or by deprivation of liberty for a term up to one year with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities for a term up to four years or without such deprivation.
In the case that the athlete has died or suffered grave damage to his health, the culprits could face either up to three years of restriction of freedom with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities for a term up to five years or without such or up to three years of forced labor or imprisonment with deprivation of the right to hold office or engage in activities for a term up to five years.
Use against an athlete, regardless of his consent methods that are prohibited for use in sport shall be sentenced to either a fine of up to one million rubles or in the amount of income for a period of up to two years with deprivation of the right to engage in certain activities for a term up to four years, or restraint of liberty for a term up to two years with deprivation of the right to occupy posts, or by deprivation of liberty for a term up to one year with deprivation of the right to engage in certain activities for a term up to four years or without such deprivation. The same act which entailed by negligence the death of the athlete or other grave consequences, shall be punishable restraint of liberty for a term up to three years with deprivation of the right to practice certain activities for a term up to five years or without such, or by forced labour for a period up to three years with the same deprivation of the right to hold certain posts, or by deprivation of liberty for a term up to three years with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities for a term up to five years or without such deprivation.