The Moscow region Duma is going to take at the beginning of the 2017 amendments to the law on granting to large families cash payments instead of land.
Now many municipalities of the Moscow region are unable to meet their obligations to large families to provide them with land for cottages and housing construction due to the fact that they have no available land. Either it is junk land, located in such places that it can be reached only by all-terrain vehicle, — swamps, ravines, far away from any infrastructure. But the law provides not only for the allocation of a bare plot of land, but with communications. If not, local authorities should of their funds lead the way, pull the light, etc.
According to the President of the Association of large families of Moscow region Elena Fominykh, initiative monetary alternative to the long-awaited land plots for large families. However, she believes that the new law raises many questions. First, many children are now divided into several categories. For example, some in the queue on the site are, and for the improvement of living conditions. And there are those who live in close quarters, but at this stage is not necessary. Who will first pay financial compensation?
Or here’s another question: a site has received, and money on its development there. There would be needed the financial assistance of the state. Need housing and land certificate, said Fomin. People need an alternative. If a large family does not need the land, and is going to take it, only to then sell it in order to improve their living conditions, such a money order would simplify this multi-way task.
The Moscow region Duma has summed up the results of the monitoring as, in practice, the law on land allocation for large families, and came to the following disappointing conclusion. Although the plots in the last 5 years have started to provide more active, their quality leaves much to be desired. So, in 2011 it was given a total of 276 sites in 2015 — already 4764, in 2016 today — 2 thousand, but before the end of the year will be 4800. Almost 58% of large families in the suburbs land is already secured, but only 26% of these sites connected to the mains, and 20% have roads, 5% are equipped with gas, about the water and sewer even to speak of such only 3%. And in some municipalities zakaznyh no free land there is not expected.
Now these areas to their neighbors to purchase the land, but sometimes the site is located on the opposite end of the field. Of course, family ride through the region to the country refuse as be built on uninhabitable land where there is no light, no roads. As a result, officials propose that people do not agree, and the queue not moving…
Amendments to the law stipulate that “landless” municipalities will have the opportunity to buy up areas not only in the Moscow region, but nearby regions. The main thing that was next. However want to legislate the number of failures (3 times) from the proposed sites, then a large family will be removed from the register for land.
As for material assistance to large families for the improvement of living conditions, then there can be a lot of different options. Including a lump sum payment to pay off the mortgage or for a down payment in order to obtain a mortgage loan.
“In St.-Petersburg, for example, do not give land and not buying them in other regions, and apply other measures of social support, — said Vladimir Shapkin, the Chairman of the Committee of the Moscow region Duma on property relations and land management. — There shall be issued a land certificate in the amount of 300 thousand rubles, which the family can use to improve their living conditions, it can be folded with the parent capital. In the Moscow region also need to work on that”.
According to the Deputy, work on amendments to the law will last about two months. Most likely, amendments to the bill will be introduced in the Moscow region Duma early next year.