Russian Ambassador to the UN Vitaly Churkin called the current relations between Russia and the United States as a whole “fairly bad” and “probably the worst” since 1973. At the same time, according to the Russian diplomat, although we had serious friction, disagreements about Syria, we continue to work on other issues “and sometimes quite well.” “MK” tried to figure out why the time 43-year-old look like the peak of the confrontation of the two powers.
What is remembered in 1973 in the history of the cold war?
The beginning of the year looked quite promising: in January in Paris was signed the agreement on ending the war and restoring peace in Vietnam. But I guess it was one of the few rays of light in the darkness of the confrontation of East and West. In August of the same year, the Pentagon chief James Schlesinger put forward a doctrine of “blinding” of the strike, which involved the defeat of the command posts and communication centers of the enemy (ie, the USSR) with the help of intermediate-range and shorter-range cruise missiles, with laser, TV and IR guidance systems on the target.
On 11 September, with the support of U.S. intelligence, the military staged a coup in Chile, overthrowing leftist President Allende. And on October 6 in the middle East begins the Yom Kippur War (“the war of Yom Kippur).
Read the story “the Israeli Ambassador told about the restoration of relations, the tank and missed opportunities”
This war not only led to the oil crisis (countries — members of OPEC imposed an embargo on selling oil to the countries of Western Europe, and also raised the price of crude oil three times), but also created a threat of direct confrontation between the USSR and the USA. Arrived in Moscow us Secretary of state Kissinger. The negotiations produced a draft resolution of the UN Security Council, providing for an immediate cease fire and all hostilities with the troops stop in their October 22 positions. However, on 24 October the USSR warns Israel “on the most severe consequences” in case of “aggressive actions against Egypt and Syria.” Brezhnev sent an urgent message to US President Nixon an urgent telegram, which warned that if conflict is prolonged, it will “urgently consider how to take the necessary unilateral steps”. In the Soviet air division was introduced a state of increased combat readiness, and in the United States, the alarm was given in the nuclear forces. After that, the Israelis stopped the attack.
On the other hand, the seventies was a time of discharge. But since 1979, when Soviet troops entered Afghanistan has entered a new round of confrontation in which there was everything: boycott two Olympic games (Moscow-1980 and Los Angeles 1984), the strategic defense initiative, Reagan’s adhesion to the Soviet Union of the label “evil Empire” (1983), the incident with the South Korean “Boeing”, “proxy war” in third world countries.
– It’s hard to say why we are talking about “Yom Kippur war” in 1973, says “MK” chief editor of the magazine “Russia in global Affairs” Fyodor LUKYANOV, Probably by analogy: since then, too, the crisis in relations was linked to events in the middle East. But Russia is not the Soviet Union, and the middle East today is a very different condition. But then, in 1973-m to year, was really very acute phase of the confrontation, in what’s called “proxy war” (the U.S. – for Israel, the Soviet Union for Egypt and other Arab countries). You can, of course, take this point, but I would say that after 1973 was another aggravation: Afghanistan, early 80s, early Reagan, shot down a South Korean airliner. It is difficult to argue is that the relationship from the point of view of atmosphere, sentiment slipped to no the most peaceful moments of the cold war: mutual exclusion, distrust and unwillingness of anything to get straight.