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Saturday, December 3, 2016

The expert explained why the Syrian negotiations in Lausanne gave nothing


In Lausanne, Switzerland held multilateral talks on Syria with the participation of foreign Minister Lavrov and Secretary Kerry. The good news is that, as stated in the comments of the Russian foreign Minister, “confirmed the commitment of all the participants to the preservation of Syria as a coherent, independent and secular state, in kotorom the future of their country will be decided by the Syrians during the inclusive political dialogue.” Other good news from Lausanne there: the negotiators of anything concrete has been agreed.


photo: Mikhail Kovalev

However, in the current environment, when external players of the Syrian conflict accuse each other in various sins, the mere fact that the foreign Ministers (and besides Russia and the USA in Lausanne, was presented by Saudi Arabia, Iran, Turkey, Qatar, Iraq, Jordan, Egypt) sit together at the negotiating table is already good news. Some weeks ago, the United States announced that it was suspending talks on Syria due to disagreements with Moscow.

The diplomats sat at the negotiation table for about four hours. The Russian side insists that the key to recovery and successful implementation of ceasefire in Syria to ensure humanitarian access to all those in need is the decoupling of groups of “moderate” opposition from the militants “Jabhat Fatah al-sham” (ex-“Dzhabhat EN-Nusra”, banned in Russia as a terrorist organization) and other affiliated extremist groups.

– The Russian leadership is the desire to preserve at least a semblance of cooperation with the United States to address the Syrian crisis and not to prevent a final break with the United States – says “MK” meeting of diplomats in Lausanne senior researcher, Institute of Oriental studies Boris DOLGOV. – As for actually solving the Syrian crisis, these talks were intended to show that the process continues. The participation of other actors, such as Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Turkey – gives the meeting more weight. But in fact the negotiations had failed because the positions of the parties – Russian and American – are completely different. States wants to maintain its proposal for a cease-fire in Aleppo to maintain the armed Islamist groups who are fighting against Bashar al-Assad. And keep their fighting capabilities to this fight continued, since their main goal is the overthrow of Assad. Russia also advocated the prevention of the spread of radical Islamism, which will result in the decline of the Syrian state. The Russian side supports not specifically the figure of Assad, namely the preservation of Syria as a state and as an ally. After all, one of the objectives of States is to squeeze Russia from the Middle East, it is quite obvious…

Meanwhile, Western countries are not going to ease the pressure on Russia on the Syrian track. In particular, izdania Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ), citing sources close to Angela Merkel, reports that the German Chancellor is going to agitate the EU for tougher sanctions against Russia over policy in Syria. This theme, as expected, European leaders will discuss at the EU summit (October 20-21). And Barack Obama has promised Merkel to support a “harsh reaction” of the Europeans. According to FAZ, we can talk about sanctions in the military-industrial complex and aircraft building.

source

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