On Thursday in Stockholm was announced winner of the Nobel prize for literature. It was the famous American singer and poet Bob Dylan. October 13 was an unlucky number for another “nobelovca” Italian playwright Dario Fo, died in day, when you say the name of the winner. He received the award in 1997.
The great Bob Dylan is Nobel prize 2016 was awarded for “creation of a new poetic expression in the great American song tradition.”
The bookies and the media long before the announcement of the winners began to make forecasts about who can be considered a favorite among writers in 2016.
Usually the Nobel week ends with the announcement of the prize winners in Economics. But this year was different: the announcement of the name “Nobel literature” came with a week delay. It happened because of the peculiarities of the schedule of the Swedish Academy, whose members traditionally meet on Thursday to discuss the nomination of the laureates And start such meetings on the last Thursday of September – and this year it fell on September 22. This meant that the last meeting will hold on October 13. So conspiracy theories about the differences among academics, probably can be discarded.
The official shortlist of a literary award no. The names of the finalists can be declassified only 50 years after the awards ceremony. So the media are left wondering who will be lucky this year.
If you believe the bookmakers, the best chances of getting a “Nobel” had a cult Japanese writer Haruki Murakami. It has been for many years considered the favorite, but he never moved into the category of winners.
Called the names of other writers, among them: living in Paris, the Syrian poet Adonis, the Kenyan novelist, writing in English and in the language of the Kikuyu and repeatedly published in the USSR Ngugi VA Thing about (on the website of the British bookmaker Ladbrokes has followed Murakami), the infamous Salman Rushdie, the Czech-French writer Milan Kundera, Norwegian playwright Jon Fosse, Israeli David Grossman.
Appear on the lists of favorites and famous American writers: don Delisle, Philip Roth, Joyce Carol Oates.
Only from 1901 to 2015 Nobel prize in literature was awarded to 108 winners – including 14 women (including who received the award last year Svetlana Alexievich). The first was the Swedish writer Selma lagerlöf, who won the award in 1909, and five years later she was chosen a member of the Swedish Academy that is responsible for selecting Nobel laureates in literature.
Winners of the Nobel prize for literature wrote in the following languages: – English 27, French 14, German – 13, Spanish 11, Swedish – 7, Italian — 6, Russian – 6, Polish – 4, Norwegian and Danish – 3, Chinese, Greek, Japanese – 2, Serbian-Croatian, Turkish, Yiddish, Arabic, Portuguese, Occitan, Icelandic, Hungarian, Hebrew, Bengali, Czech, Finnish – 1.
Unlike other Nobel prizes, which are often divided among two or three winners, literary award usually goes to one winner. For more than a century of history of this award it only in four cases, divided between the two awardees.
The average age of prize winner for literature is 65 years old, while the youngest was Rudyard Kipling, who received the award in 41 years of age, and most elderly – 88-year-old Doris Lessing, the winner in 2007.
From among the winners of the two refused the Nobel prize in literature – Boris Pasternak (1958) and Jean-Paul Sartre (1964).