The budget this year may receive less customs payments on 400 billion roubles. And it under condition of preservation in the IV quarter the average rate of 64 and 65 rubles to the dollar. If lower, like now — 62 of the ruble, the shortfall will be greater. We will remind, initially in the forecast of socio-economic development of the FCS was required to collect 4.7 trillion. The backlog of the service manual explains the sharp drop in income from oil exports.
photo: Natalia Muslinkina
Nine months have passed since then, as the FCS has lost independence and became subject to Anton Siluanov. During this time literally with the shame of customs were banished its former head Andrey Belyaninov. In the summer in his country house in Moscow suburbs law enforcement bodies held a demonstration search, having withdrawn large sums of money in rubles and foreign currency kept in boxes from under the Shoe. Belyaninovo no charges filed, but he quit.
In the basic version, such a humiliating sweep due to the lack of funds from the state and dissatisfaction with Vladimir Putin the work of customs officers. Andrei Belyaninov for a long time supposedly didn’t understand quite transparent hint of resignation.
In recent years the dynamics of revenues from the Federal customs service lagged behind the rising fees of tax (pre-crisis, 2014, the service has collected 7.1 trillion rubles, and this will only be 4.3 trillion). However, in addition to the problems with establishing an effective administration existed objective reasons: the decline of imports by almost 40%, as well as the so-called tax maneuver associated with reduction of export duties.
The new head of the FCS Vladimir Bulavin, as befits a former intelligence officer, the man is absolutely closed. Since the end of July, after he moved into his office in Fili, Bulavin did not give any interviews or at least some comment.
To report yet not much. The TCF Board on 11 October, was a rare exception. On it Vladimir Bulavin in the presence of a few journalists reported on intermediate results of work.
For the first three quarters of the tax collected 3.1 trillion rubles while the planned indicators for the end of the year, 4.7 trillion. Customs officers do not exclude the shortfall primarily on export payments, which dipped compared to the year 2015 one-third, amounting to 1.43 trillion rubles. In December will be about 1.9 trillion.
Such a strong drop is due to the structure of these fees, which are dominated by payments for the export of energy. The average price of Urals oil in 2016 is around $40 per barrel, resulting in dropped duties on “black gold”. However, part of the loss was compensated by the ruble devaluation.
In addition, let’s not forget that from September 2016, following the implementation of the WTO agreement in the country set to zero rates of export duties on precious metals, some metal alloys, wood, etc. in this year’s budget is short of 6 billion roubles, and then at 25-28 billion annually.
It is inevitable. After all, if exports exclude oil and gas, for other positions of the lead payments just for the precious stones and metals — 52%, wood — 31,3%.
Interestingly, for the first time in many years, the structure of customs income in the country will change significantly in the direction of increasing share of payments levied on the import of products — from 42% last year to 53% this. It is expected that year will collect 2.3 trillion rubles (mainly VAT and duties).
“It is important that VAT on imports is growing more rapidly than VAT on domestic trafficking, — said Anton Siluanov. Including this is largely the work of customs”.