The European Parliament has published the list of nominees for the Sakharov prize 2016. Among them was the leader of the Crimean Tatar national movement and one of the initiators of the economic blockade of the Crimea Mustafa Dzhemilev. The company he was chief editor of the Turkish opposition newspaper “Jumhuriat” can Dundar and Nadia Murad and Lamia, Haji Bashar, fighting against violence against women from the banned in Russia “Islamic state”. The award will be awarded on 27 October.
Mustafa Dzhemilev was Chairman of the banned in Russia, the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people from 1991 to 2013. Human rights activity began in the Soviet years, for which I was repeatedly convicted and spent several years in prison. After the collapse of the Union he was actively involved in political life and many times was elected the Deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. During the Crimean crisis Mustafa Dzhemilev did not recognize the annexation of the Peninsula to Russia. After that, he closed the entrance to the Crimea, and later the activities of the Mejlis recognized extremist in Russia was prohibited. Dzhemilev became one of the ideologists of the economic and energy blockade of the Peninsula. In January 2016, the Russian court in absentia charged him with three counts related to terrorism and to undermine the foundations of national security of Russia. He was also declared the Federal wanted list.
Can Dundar has become a symbol of the persecution of the press in Turkey. Chief editor of the newspaper “Jumhuriat” was arrested for publishing information revealing that the Turkish military is supplying weapons to the Syrian rebels. Dündar was sentenced to five years in prison, although President Recep Tayyip Erdogan demanded for his life.
Nadia Murad and Lamia, Haji Bashar was a sex slave in the camp of grouping “Islamic state”. Having managed to escape from captivity, they became defenders of the rights of women victims of violence from terrorists. Both are representatives of the community of the Yezidi Kurds, subjected to genocide by the ISIS, including her special religion based on Zoroastrianism. Nominated for women, besides helping her friends in misfortune, trying to draw attention to the problem of the extermination of his people.
The award is named after Andrei Sakharov is awarded for contribution to the struggle for human rights. It was established by the European Parliament in 1988. The award amount is 50 thousand euros. The first winners were the fighter for the rights of the indigenous population of South Africa, and later the President of the Republic Nelson Mandela and Soviet dissident Anatoly Marchenko. Last year the award went to the Saudi blogger Raif Badawi, and the shortlist was also murdered in Moscow politician Boris Nemtsov and a group of Venezuelan opposition Mesa de la Unidad Democratica.