Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos was in the company of Barack Obama and Mikhail Gorbachev – the Latin American leader became the 13-th under the account the head of state awarded the Nobel peace prize. The award is given for “a determined effort” to end a half-century of civil war with leftist rebels. However what are the results of these efforts?
The Nobel peace prize in 2016 became the President of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos. The award was presented to him “for his efforts to resolve the conflict in the country.”
“Everyone was convinced that the cease-fire and peace established. However, the outcome of the referendum say the opposite”
“The Norwegian Nobel Committee decided to award the peace prize for the year 2016 the President of Colombia Juan Manuel Santos for his determined efforts to end more than 50 years of civil war… the Conflict has claimed the lives of 220 thousand Colombians forced nearly 6 million people to flee their homes”, – the TASS, the decision of the Nobel Committee.
In contrast to the “Nobel prize” for achievements in science and literature awarded in Stockholm, the Nobel peace laureates receive their prize in Oslo. Since 1990, the ceremony takes place on 10 December at city hall in the Norwegian capital.
Thirteenth the ruling winner
We will remind, last year the prize received a collective nominee – “the Tunisian national dialogue Quartet”. And in 2014, one of the awardees was a 17-year-old Pakistani activist Malala yousafzai is the youngest laureate in the history of the awards. The oldest winner of the Nobel peace prize was award winner of 1995, an activist of the movement for nuclear disarmament, a British physicist and radiobiology Joseph Rotblat – at the time he was 87 years old.
Strangely enough, but among the nominees for the Nobel peace prize including Benito Mussolini and even Adolf Hitler (candidates for the award in 1935 and 1939 respectively). Joseph Stalin was nominated twice, in 1945 and 1948.
The first head of state to be awarded the prize was US President Theodore Roosevelt, awarded in 1906 for his role in signing the peace of Portsmouth which ended the Russo-Japanese war. Since current policymakers repeatedly received the award. Only 115 years of the award it received 12 heads of States and Santos, therefore, became the thirteenth.
Suffice it to recall the 2009 prize, awarded only to intercede for President Barack Obama. This award was even embarrassed by the President of the United States. Note that in September 2015, the former Director of the Nobel Institute, Geir Lundestad said that Obama has not lived up to its expectations.
Our compatriots represented by two names. Is the Creator of the hydrogen bomb and dissident Andrei Sakharov (1975 award of the year “for fearless support of fundamental principles of peace between people and courageous struggle against abuse of power and all forms of suppression of human dignity”) and the first and last President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev, which the “Nobel prize” was awarded in 1990, a year before the collapse of the USSR. After a quarter of a century presenting the award to Gorbachev looks extremely controversial decision.
Colombians did not accept the truce
Recall that the main reason for the current Nobel peace prize was awarded to the Colombian President, was the conclusion of Santos official ceasefire between government forces and fighters of the Revolutionary armed forces of Colombia. Preliminary talks between the insurgents from grouping “Revolutionary armed forces of Colombia” (FARC) and representatives of the government of the country began in the Norwegian Hurdal in 2012 and continued in Havana with the mediation of Norway and Cuba.
27 Sep Santos and the head of the FARC, Rodrigo Londoño Echeverri (also known as Timoleon Jimenez and fellow Tymoshenko) was signed in Cartagena an agreement to end years of armed conflict and ensuring lasting and sustainable peace.
In accordance with the agreement reached on October 2 in Columbia held a referendum, is necessary in order to legalize the results of the negotiations. According to its results the winners are those who do not agree with the agreement, against the terms of the peace Treaty spoke of about 6.4 million people (50,21% of the vote). At the same time in Norway I hope that the parties will be able to maintain the ceasefire and continue the peace process.
Santos then admitted defeat in the referendum: “I will not give up until the last minute of his presidency, I will seek peace.” He also said that the agreement on cease-fire with the FARC continues to operate despite the failure of the Colombians to support the peace agreement.
“To resolve” the conflict will be the next President
The Deputy Director of the Institute of Latin American Academy of Sciences Boris Martynov believes that the situation with the settlement of the 40-year conflict between the government and guerrillas is very complicated. In the summer, failed to sign an historic agreement, the result of the recent referendum on the company “rejected it”.
However, he acknowledged that Santos had indeed made great efforts and was guided solely by good intentions, but ordinary Colombians “are not willing to see the partisans equal party to the negotiations”.
“Over the years, members of the FARC turned into criminals, their reputation in the society is very low. People believe that this is a terrorist organization, they are against that allocated money to their arrangement in society. The guerrillas became famous for racketeering, drug trafficking and abducted people,” – said Martynov newspaper VIEW.
However, he does not exclude that after the award of the Nobel prize, public opinion can change. But “to resolve the conflict” until the end have been the next President, the expert believes.
Prize for good intentions
In turn, Deputy Chairman of the business Council Russia – Cuba, Advisor of National Committee of assistance of economic complementation with countries of Latin America Tatyana Mashkova believes that Santos received the award more for good intentions than for actual achievements.
According to her, the Committee for economic cooperation were all confident that the cease-fire and peace established. However, the results of the referendum to the contrary.
“I don’t know what unfinished Santos. In the country there is no certainty that if you declare a truce, the opposition will accept. Obviously, the people feared any unilateral action,” Mashkov said the newspaper VIEW.
The award, in its forecast, will evoke mixed reactions in Colombia. “Those who were for peace, will rejoice and will say that they were right. Those opposed will comment with sarcasm,” she said, adding that if the Nobel Committee recognizes these efforts, it confirms the correctness of the idea to achieve a result, “this should tip the scales in favor of a truce.”